Germanium

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Germanium

Germanium sī chi̍t khoán hoà-ha̍k goân-sò͘, hû-hō sī Ge, goân-chú-hoan 32, sio̍k thòaⁿ-sò͘ cho̍k, sī kim-ku̍t, tēng-ngē ê lūi-kim-sio̍k, chham silicon ia̍h siah ū lūi-sū ê hoà-ha̍k sèng-chit. Germanium ê hoat-hiān-chiá sī Clemens Winkler, i hoat-hiān Germanium ê sèng-chit chham Dmitri Mendeleev chìn-chêng ū-chhek ê "ekasilicon" sio-siâng, jî-chhiáⁿ iōng i kok-ka ê miâ "german-" (Tek-kok) kā sin hoat-hiān ê goân-sò͘ hō miâ. Tī chū-jiân-kài, germanium tiāⁿ chhut-hiān tī iú-ki kim-sio̍k hòa-ha̍p-bu̍t lāi-bīn. Tī kang-gia̍p èng-iōng hong-bīn, sī chè-chō pòaⁿ-tō-thé ê gôan-liāu chi it.