Hîm

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Thiàu khì: Se̍h chāmchhiau-chhoē
?Hîm
Chong-hîm
Ursus arctos
Seng-bu̍t-ha̍k hun-lūi
Kài: Animalia
Mn̂g: Chordata
Kong: Mammalia
Bo̍k: Carnivora
A-bo̍k: Caniformia
Chhiau-kho: Ursoidea
Kho: Ursidae
G. Fischer de Waldheim, 1817
Sio̍k
Koan-hē kāng miâ ê tiān-iáⁿ, chhiáⁿ khoàⁿ Hîm (tiān-iáⁿ).

Hîm (Ursidae) sī tōa-hêng ê chhī-leng tōng-bu̍t, hun-lūi-ha̍k siōng sī Chia̍h-bah-ba̍k ē-té chi̍t kho.

Hêng-thé[siu-kái]

Hîm it-poaⁿ sī ión-kiāⁿ tōa-chhāi, siong-tùi té kha. Sèng-pia̍t hun nn̄g hêng, kang hîm kha tōa-chiah, tōa-hêng ê bu̍t-chéng iû-kî ū chha. Tī lo̍k-tē siōng ê Chia̍h-bah-ba̍k tiong, hîm ê sin-thé siāng tāng, pí-lūn, Ursus arctos middendorffi, chi̍t khoán chang-hîm, ē-tàng chhiau-kòe 750 kong-kin, ki-tiong kang hîm pêng-kin mā ū 480 kàu 533 kong-kin. Lēng-gōa mā ū kha sè-hêng ê bu̍t-chéng, pí-lūn kang Má-lâi-hîm thé-tang tāi-iok 65 kong-kin.

Pe̍h-hîm he̍k-chiá chang-hîm ê thé-tn̂g ū kàu 300 kong-hun, keng-kah koân-tō͘ ū 160 kong-hun. Hîm ê bóe í-keng thè-hòa, tn̂g-tō͘ tùi 3 kàu 22 kong-hun pu̍t téng. Hîm sī kha-té kiâⁿ-lō͘ (plantigrade), chi̍t tiám kap kha-chiⁿ kiâⁿ ê kî-tha Chia̍h-bah-ba̍k bô-kâng. Hîm cháu ê sok-tō͘ pí káu-kho ia̍h niau-kho bān, chóng-sī āu-kha khiā-li̍p ê lêng-le̍k kha hó.

Hun-pò͘[siu-kái]

Tōa-hūn hîm-lūi lóng seng-oa̍h tī Pak Poàn-kiû; lēng-gōa, tû-liáu chi̍t chéng, lóng seng-oa̍h tī A-chiu, Au-chiu kap Pak Bí-chiu. Î-it ê lē-gōa Ba̍k-kiàⁿ-hîm (Tremarctos ornatus) khiā-khí só͘-chāi sī Lâm Bí-chiu ê Andes tē-khu. Hui-chiu kòe-khì pat ū Atlas-hîm (Ursus arctos crowtheri) oa̍h-tāng, chóng-sī í-kēng tī 19 sè-kíbia̍t-choa̍t.

Hiān-sî hun-pò͘ hoān-ûi siāng tōa ê chi̍t lūi hîm sī chang-hîm, tùi Au-chiu, A-chiu kàu Pak Bí-chiu lóng ū oa̍h-tāng. Ki-tha koh ū Pak Bí-chiu ê Bí-chiu O͘-hîm kap Pak-kek tē-khu ê pe̍h-hîm. Chhun-loh ê chéng-lūi lóng tī A-chiu. Tû-liâu pe̍h-hîm, kî-tha hîm-lūi chú-iàu khiā tī chhim-nâ lāi.

Hun-lūi[siu-kái]

A-chiu o͘-hîm kap pe̍h-hîm éng-kòe kui to̍k-li̍p ê sio̍k (Selenarctos kap Thalarctos). Melursus kap Helarctos chit 2-ê sio̍k ū sî-chūn kui Ursus.

Gōa-pō͘ liân-kiat[siu-kái]

Wikimedia Commons ū koan-hē Category:Ursidae ê to-mûi-thé tóng-àn.