Phang

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Thiàu khì: Se̍h chāmchhiau-chhoē
?Phang
Osmia ribifloris
Seng-bu̍t-ha̍k hun-lūi
Kài: Animalia
Mn̂g: Arthropoda
Kong: Insecta
Ba̍k: Hymenoptera
A-ba̍k: Apocrita
(unranked) Anthophila ( = Apiformes)
Chhiau-kho: Apoidea
Kho

Andrenidae
Apidae
Colletidae
Halictidae
Megachilidae
Melittidae
Stenotritidae

PhangApoidea chhiau-kho (superfamily) ê khun-thiông, ē-hiáu poe; kap hó͘-thâu-phang (wasp) ham káu-hiā koan-hē chin sio-oá, lóng kui tī Hymenoptera ba̍k. Lâm-ke̍k Tāi-lio̍k lia̍h-goā, sì-kè lóng ū phang, iok-liōng ū 20,000 ê chéng. Phang chia̍h hoe-bi̍t (nectar) kap hoe-hún (pollen); hoe-bi̍t thê-kiong lêng-liōng; hoe-hún thê-kiong nn̄g-pe̍h-chit ham chi̍t-koá êng-ióng-sò͘ (nutrient). Hoe-hún toā-hūn ēng lâi chhī iù-thâng (larva).

Phang ū-sî kan-taⁿ chí bi̍t-phang. Ū-sî Hymenoptera ba̍k lāi-té ē poe--ê lóng hông chún sī phang.

Siong-koan ê bûn-chiuⁿ[siu-kái]