Bí-kok

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Bí-kok
United States of America
Flag of the United States.svg Great Seal of the United States (obverse).svg
Kok-kî Kok-hui
Chu-kù: In God We Trust (Koaⁿ-hong, Eng-bûn)
"Lán Sìn Siōng-tè"

E Pluribus Unum (Thôan-thóng, Latin-gí)
"Ha̍h Chiòng Ûi It"
Kok-koa: Seng-tiâu-kî
Chìn-hêng-khek: Éng-oán ê Seng-tiâu-kî
Chū-jiân tē-lí
(si̍t-chè khòng-chè tē-khu)
Bí-kok ê só͘-chāi
Bí-kok ê só͘-chāi.
Siú-to͘ Washington, D.C.
Siāng-tōa siâⁿ-chhī New York Chhī
Bīn-chek
  • Kok-thó͘ bīn-chek: 9,631,418 km² pâi sè-kài tē-3 miâ
Sî-khu UTC-5 kàu UTC-10

(Hā-lēng-sî:
UTC-4 kàu UTC -10
)

Jîn-bîn seng-oa̍h
Koaⁿ-hong gí-giân Eng-gí
Jîn-kháu


Chèng-tī bûn-hoà
Kok-ka léng-tō-jîn
chú-iàu cheh-ji̍t to̍k-li̍p-ji̍t
Keng-chè si̍t-le̍k
Tiong-iong gîn-hâng Liân-pang thû-pī gîn-hâng
hoè-pè tan-ūi Bí-kim ($) (USD)
Gini hē-sò͘ 40.8(2013 nî)
GDP (bêng-gī siōng ê) 174,189.25 ek (2013 nî)
Pêng-kin GDP (bêng-gī siōng ê) 54,596 (2013 nî)
HDI 0.914 (2013 nî)
Kok-ka chu-liāu
Kok-ka tāi-hō USA
bāng-he̍k miâ-chheng sok-siá .us
kok-chè tiān-oē khu-hō +1

Bí-kok (Hàn-jī: 米國 ia̍h-sī 美國), choân-miâ America Ha̍p-chiòng-kok (Eng-gí: United States of America, "Tī Bí-chiu ê Liân-ha̍p-chiu") sī tī Pak Bí-chiu, Thài-pêng-iûⁿ ê 1 ê liân-pang kiōng-hô-kok. I ê niá-thó· tùi tang-pō͘ ê Tāi-se-iûⁿ hái-hoāⁿ kàu kah se-pō͘ ê Thài-pêng-iûⁿ. Pak-pêng ê lio̍k-tē piⁿ-kài kap Canada sio-liâm; lâm-pêng kap México sio-óa. Tī sai-pêng hái-siōng hām Lō͘-se-a sio-tú. Lēng-gōa koh ū hái-gōa ê niá-thó͘, pau-koat Puerto Rico, Midway Khoân-chiau, Guahan. Bí-kok ū 50 ê chiu; tī liân-pang chè-tō· hā, in bó͘-chióng thêng-tō͘ ū ka-kī tē-hng ê chū-tī-koân.

Tē-lí[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Siông-sè: Bí-kok ê tē-lí

Chiap tī Ka-ná-tah ê Iân-hái-tē (The Maritimes), sī Sin Eng-lân ê pak-pō͘, lāi-bīn hâm Maine, New Hampshire, kap Vermont; in hiòng lâm sī kang-gia̍p hoat-ta̍t ê lâm-pō͘ Sin Eng-lân, pau-koat Massachusetts, Connecticut kap Rhode Island.[1]

Sin Eng-lân ê soaⁿ-tē thang kòe New Jersey ê pak-pō͘, thòng ji̍p Pennsylvania ê tang-pō͘. Chit tè koân-tē hō chò Reading Prong, ū Hudson Kang tùi tang-tiong chhiat khui keng-kòe.[2]

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Siōng-bô tī 15,000 nî í-chêng, siōng chá ê chū-bîn chio̍h keng-kòe Siberia lâi kàu Pak Bí-chiu. Pí-lūn kî-tiong chi̍t kûn sī Mississippi bûn-hòa, ùi lông-gia̍p, kiàn-tio̍k, kok-ka-hòa ê siā-hōe lóng ū it-tēng ê hoat-tián.

Ha̍k-kài tùi hiān-chāi sio̍k Bí-kok chia só͘-chāi tī Au-chiu-lâng lâi kàu chìn-chêng ê jîn-kháu bô chheng-chhó ê sò͘-jī, chóng-sī ē-tàng thui-chhek tai-khài 200 bān kàu 1000 bān chó͘-iū. Chāi-tē bûn-bêng ê seng-gōa hong-sek kok-tē bô kâng; hit-chūn, chhin-chhiūⁿ khiā tī kin-á-ji̍t Ohio kap Illinois tē-hng ê Hopewell lâng, chin gâu chè-chō kim-sio̍k-khì, sī lông-gia̍p-sek ê siā-hōe; Nā chhiūⁿ Mississippi kap Missouri ê Cahokia lâng, sī khah chū-jiân seng-oa̍h ê siā-hōe[3].

Jîn-kháu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Chiàu Bí-kok Phó͘-cha Kio̍k ê ko͘-sǹg, thong Bí-kok ê jîn-kháu tī 2017 nî 7 goe̍h sî ū 325,719,178 as of July 1, 2017, pêng-kin lâi sǹg ta̍k kang ke 6,646 lâng.[4]

Chú-iàu siân-chhī

Chèng-hú kap chèng-tī[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Chèng-tī hun-khu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Siông-sè: Bí-kok ê chiu

Bí-kok ê Chòe-ko Hoat-īⁿ tī 1999 nî Alden v. Maine àn-kiāⁿ ê châi-phòaⁿ tang-tiong, chí chhut Bí-kok Hiàn-hoat sī kā Bí-kok ê chú-iàu chú-khoân ê tiòng-iàu chi̍t pō͘-hūn lâu hō͘ koh chiu (state), lâi pó-chûn koh chiu ê chú-khoân tē-ūi. Chi̍t khoán hêng-sek thang chheng chò sī "siang-têng chú-khoân-sèng" (dual sovereignty).[5]

Chham-chiàu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Su-chì[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  • Grant, Susan-Mary (2012). A Concise History of the United States of America. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521612791. 
  • Hudson, John C. (2002). Across This Land: A Regional Geography of the United States and Canada. The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-6567-0. 

Chù-kha[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. Hudson 2002, p. 45
  2. Hudson 2002, p. 67
  3. Grant 2012, p. 11
  4. "Population Clock". U.S. and World Population Clock. U.S. Department of Commerce. July 4, 2017. September 11, 2017 khòaⁿ--ê. The United States population on July 4, 2017 was: 325,365,189 
  5. Timothy Zick (2005). "Are the States Sovereign?". Faculty Publications. William & Mary Law School Scholarship Repository.