Bú-keng Chóng-iàu

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Bú-keng Chóng-iàu lāi ê lâu-chûn (樓船) tô͘

Bú-keng Chóng-iàu (武經總要) sī chi̍t-phō Tiong-kok Sòng-tiâu sî-tāi ê kun-sū khài-iàu, tī 1040 nî chì 1044 nî tiong-kan oân-sêng. I-ê lōe-iông ū koan-î hóe-io̍h-á ê hòa-ha̍k phòe-hng: iâm, liû-hông, hóe-thòaⁿ téng-téng sêng-hūn.[1][2] Chit-phō tù-chok ê chok-ka ū Chan Kong-liāng, Teng Tō͘ kap Iûⁿ Hoâi-tek téng ha̍k-chiá; kî-tiong, Chan Kong-liāng sī lán Bân-lâm Chìn-kang chhut-sin ê kho-ha̍k-ka; in-ê chok-phín éng-hióng tio̍h āu-lâi chōe-chōe Tiong-kok ê kun-sū chok-phín. Chit-phō chok-phín tī Sòng Jîn-chong chú-chhî hā chhut-pán, i iā sī chit-phō chheh ê kiōng-tông chok-ka.[3] Bú-keng Chóng-iàu ê lōe-iông chin chōe, ùi kun-lām kàu kok-chióng ê tâu-se̍k-ki lóng ū. Tû-liáu hóe-io̍h-á ê phòe-hng, koh ū chhin-chhiūⁿ hóe-io̍h, hóe-chìⁿ, jiân-sio-tôaⁿ kap chhiú-liû-tôaⁿ téng hóe-io̍h bú-khì. Chheh lāi-bīn iā kài-siāu tio̍h chá-kî ê lô-keⁿ.[4]

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Bú-keng Chóng-iàu sī tī Sòng Jîn-chong ê sî-tāi oân-sêng--ê,[5] pō͘-hūn chò-ûi tùi Tóng-hāng ê Se Hā chiàn-cheng ê hôe-èng.[6] Chi̍t-tīn Tiong-kok ha̍k-chiá thoân-tūi, tī 1040 nî kàu 1044 nî tiong-kan, tàu-tīn choān-siá Bú-keng Chóng-iàu, thê-seng chiàn-cheng só͘ su-iàu ê bú-su̍t tì-sek.[7]

Chí-lâm-chiam kap tō-hâng[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Hái-kun ki-su̍t[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Hóe-io̍h[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Hóe-io̍h bú-khì[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Phòe-hng[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Hóe-chhèng[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Bú-keng Chóng-iàu lāi ê tô͘[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Siong-koan[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Chù-kái[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. Ebrey 1996, p. 138.
  2. Chase 2003.
  3. Wang 1947, p. 162.
  4. Needham 1987, p. 83.
  5. Needham 1987, p. 19.
  6. Lorge 2008, p. 33.
  7. Needham 1987, p. 601; Needham 1987, p. 19.

Chham-khó chu-liāu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  • Chase, Kenneth Warren (2003). Firearms: A Global History to 1700. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-82274-9. 
  • Ebrey, Patricia Buckley (2010) [1996]. The Cambridge Illustrated History of China (2nd pán.). New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-12433-1. 
  • Gernet, Jacques (1982). A History of Chinese Civilization. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-49781-7. 
  • Lorge, Peter (2008). The Asian Military Revolution: From Gunpowder to the Bomb. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-84682-0. 
  • Mote, Frederick W. (1999). Imperial China: 900–1800. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-44515-5. 
  • Needham, Joseph (1962). Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 4, Physics and Physical Technology, Part 1, Physics. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-05802-5. 
  • Needham, Joseph (1971). Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 4, Physics and Physical Technology, Part 3, Civil Engineering and Nautics. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-07060-7. 
  • Needham, Joseph (1987). Science and Civilisation in China: Military technology: The Gunpowder Epic, Volume 5, Part 7. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-30358-3. 
  • Sawyer, Ralph D. (2012). "Military Writings". Chū David Graff; Robin Higham. A Military History of China. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. pp. 97–114. ISBN 0-8131-4067-6. 
  • Sivin, Nathan (1995). Science in Ancient China: Researches and Reflections. Brookfield, Vermont: Variorum. ISBN 978-0-86078-492-0. 
  • Turnbull, Stephen (2001). Siege Weapons of the Far East Volume 1: AD 612–1300. London: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-78200-225-3. 
  • Turnbull, Stephen (2002). Fighting Ships of the Far East Volume 1: China and Southeast Asia 202 BC–AD 1419. London: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-78200-017-4. 
  • Wang, Ling (1947). "On the Invention and Use of Gunpowder and Firearms in China". Isis. 37 (3/4): 160–178. doi:10.1086/348023. JSTOR 225569. 
  • Yates, Robin D.S. (2005). "The History of Military Divination in China". East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine. Hans Ulrich Vogel (24): 15–43. ISSN 1562-918X. 

Iân-sin oa̍t-tho̍k[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  • Jiasheng, Feng (1954). Huǒyào de fǎ míng hé xī chuán [The Invention of Gunpowder and Its Spread to The West] (ēng Chinese). Shanghai: Shanghai People's Press. OCLC 19106261.  TQ56-09/1
  • Liang, Jieming (2006). Chinese Siege Warfare: Mechanical Artillery & Siege Weapons of Antiquity. Singapore: Leong Kit Meng. ISBN 981-05-5380-3. 

Gōa-pō͘ liân-kiat[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

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Wikimedia Commons téng ê siong-koan tóng-àn: Bú-keng Chóng-iàu