COBOL

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COBOL
COBOL Report Apr60.djvu
The COBOL 60 report to CODASYL (April 1960)
Pian-têng hoān-hêng Procedural, imperative, object-oriented, generic
Nńg-thé siat-kè Howard Bromberg, Norman Discount, Vernon Reeves, Jean E. Sammet, William Selden, Gertrude Tierney, with indirect influence from Grace Hopper[1]
Têng-sek-goâns CODASYL, ANSI, ISO/IEC
Siú-chhù hoat-hêng 1959 nî;​ 64 nî í-chêng​ (1959)
Ún-tēng
pán-pún
ISO/IEC 1989:2014 / 2014
Lūi-hêng hē-thóng Weak, static
Bûn-kiāⁿ khok-tián-miâ .cbl, .cob, .cpy
Chú-iàu gí-giân si̍t-chò
Pang-bô͘:Nowraplinks, Micro Focus Visual COBOL
Ián-seng hù-gí-giân
COBOL/2, DEC COBOL-10, DEC VAX COBOL, DOSVS COBOL, Envyr ICOBOL, Fujitsu COBOL, Hitachi COBOL2002, HP3000 COBOL/II, IBM COBOL SAA, IBM COBOL/400, IBM COBOL/II, IBM Enterprise COBOL, IBM ILE COBOL, IBM OS/VS COBOL, ICL COBOL (VME), Micro Focus ACUCOBOL-GT, Micro Focus COBOL-IT, Micro Focus RM/COBOL, Micro Focus Visual COBOL, Microsoft COBOL, Raincode COBOL, Realia COBOL, Ryan McFarland RM/COBOL, Ryan McFarland RM/COBOL-85, Tandem (NonStop) COBOL85, Tandem (NonStop) SCOBOL, UNIVAC COBOL, Unisys MCP COBOL74, Unisys MCP COBOL85, Unix COBOL X/Open, Veryant isCOBOL, Wang VS COBOL
Khé-hoat gí-giân

Initial: AIMACO, COMTRAN, FACT, FLOW-MATIC


COBOL 2002:[lower-alpha 1] C++, Eiffel, Smalltalk
Éng-hióng gí-giân
CobolScript,[5] EGL,[6] PL/I,[7] PL/B[8]
  • Teh Wikibooks iú-koan COBOL ê bûn-pún

COBOL (Eng-gí COmmon Bussiness Oriented Language "Bīn-tùi thong-iōng siong-gia̍p--ê gí-giân"--ê kán-lio̍k), sī tī 1959 nî thui-chhut--ê têng-sek gí-giân. Tī gîn-hâng téng siong-gia̍p ki-kò͘ khah tiāⁿ-tiāⁿ iōng.

Tsù-sik[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  1. Specifically influenced COBOL 2002's object-oriented features.[2][3][4]

Tsù-kái[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  1. Ín-iōng chhò-gō͘: Bû-hāu ê <ref> tag; chhōe bô chí-miâ ê ref bûn-jī creators
  2. Ín-iōng chhò-gō͘: Bû-hāu ê <ref> tag; chhōe bô chí-miâ ê ref bûn-jī SW95
  3. Ín-iōng chhò-gō͘: Bû-hāu ê <ref> tag; chhōe bô chí-miâ ê ref bûn-jī Arranga98
  4. Arranga, Edmund C.; Coyle, Frank P. (March 1997). "Cobol: Perception and Reality". Computer. 30 (3): 127. doi:10.1109/2.573683. ISSN 0018-9162. 
  5. Imajo, Tetsuji; et al. (September 2000). COBOL Script: a business-oriented scripting language. Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference. Makuhari, Japan: IEEE. doi:10.1109/EDOC.2000.882363. ISBN 0769508650. 
  6. Ho, Wing Hong (7 May 2007). "Introduction to EGL" (PDF). IBM Software Group. goân-loē-iông (PDF) tī 13 January 2019 hőng khó͘-pih. 12 January 2019 khòaⁿ--ê.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  7. Radin, George (1978). Wexelblat, Richard L., pian. The early history and characteristics of PL/I. History of Programming Languages. Academic Press 1981 chhhut-pán. p. 572. doi:10.1145/800025.1198410. ISBN 0127450408. 
  8. "What is PL/B - The Programming Language for Business?". sysmaker.com. Infopro, Inc. 22 April 2022 khòaⁿ--ê. ... conversion to an alternate, extended COBOL or to ANSI COBOL is very difficult, if at all possible