Rutherfordium

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Rutherfordium,  104Rf
Ki-pún sèng-chit
Miâ, hû-hō rutherfordium, Rf
Rutherfordium tī chiu-kî-piáu lāi ê ūi-tì
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Hf

Rf

(Uph)
lawrenciumrutherfordiumdubnium
Goân-chú-hoan 104
Goân-chú-liōng [267]
Goân-sò͘ lūi-pia̍t   kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k
Cho̍k, hun-khu 4 cho̍k, d khu
Chiu-kî tē 7 chiu-kî
Tiān-chú pâi-lia̍t [Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2[1][2]
per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 10, 2
Bu̍t-lí sèng-chit
Siòng solid (predicted)[1][2]
Iûⁿ-tiám 2400 K ​(2100 °C, ​3800 °F) (predicted)[1][2]
Hut-tiám 5800 K ​(5500 °C, ​9900 °F) (predicted)[1][2]
Bi̍t-tō͘  (sek-un) 23.2 g·cm−3 (predicted)[1][2][3]
Goân-chú sèng-chit
Sng-hòa-sò͘ 4,[1] (3), (2)[2][3] ​(parenthesized numbers are predictions)
Tiān-lī-lêng 1st: 579.9 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1389.4 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 2296.4 kJ·mol−1
(more) (all estimated)[2]
Goân-chú pòaⁿ-kèng empirical: 150 pm (estimated)[2]
Kiōng-kè pòaⁿ-kèng 157 pm (estimated)[1]
Cha̍p-lio̍k
Chiⁿ-thé kò͘-chō hexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close-packed crystal structure for rutherfordium

(predicted)[4]
CAS teng-kì pian-hō 53850-36-5
Le̍k-sú
Hō-miâ after Ernest Rutherford
Hoat-hiān Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (1964)
Chòe ún-tēng ê tông-ūi-sò͘
Chú bûn-chiong: rutherfordium ê tông-ūi-sò͘
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
261Rf syn 70 s[5] >80% α 8.28 257No
<15% ε 261Lr
<10% SF
263Rf syn 15 min[5] <100% SF
~30% α 7.90 ? 259No
265Rf syn 1.0+1.2
−0.3
 min
Pang-bô͘:Zwsp[6][7][8]
SF
266Rf? syn 10? h SF?/α?
267Rf syn 1.3 h[5] SF
268Rf? syn 6? h SF?/α?

Rutherfordium sī 1 ê hoà-ha̍k goân-sò͘. I ê goân-chú-hoan sī 104, hoà-ha̍k hû-hō sī Rf.

"Rutherfordium" sī ēng Ernest Rutherford ê miâ-jī khí--ê.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Chemical Data. Rutherfordium - Rf, Royal Chemical Society
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). "Transactinides and the future elements". Chū Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean. The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd pán.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 1-4020-3555-1. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. 4 October 2013 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  4. Östlin, A.; Vitos, L. (2011). "First-principles calculation of the structural stability of 6d transition metals". Physical Review B 84 (11). Bibcode:2011PhRvB..84k3104O. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.113104. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Sonzogni, Alejandro. "Interactive Chart of Nuclides". National Nuclear Data Center: Brookhaven National Laboratory. 2008-06-06 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  6. Ellison, P.; Gregorich, K.; Berryman, J.; Bleuel, D.; Clark, R.; Dragojević, I.; Dvorak, J.; Fallon, P.; téng. (2010). "New Superheavy Element Isotopes: 242Pu(48Ca,5n)285114". Physical Review Letters 105 (18): 182701. Bibcode:2010PhRvL.105r2701E. PMID 21231101. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.182701. 
  7. http://cyclotron.tamu.edu/she2015/assets/pdfs/presentations/Utyonkov_SHE_2015_TAMU.pdf
  8. Utyonkov, V. K.; Brewer, N. T.; Oganessian, Yu. Ts.; Rykaczewski, K. P.; Abdullin, F. Sh.; Dmitriev, S. N.; Grzywacz, R. K.; Itkis, M. G.; Miernik, K.; Polyakov, A. N.; Roberto, J. B.; Sagaidak, R. N.; Shirokovsky, I. V.; Shumeiko, M. V.; Tsyganov, Yu. S.; Voinov, A. A.; Subbotin, V. G.; Sukhov, A. M.; Sabel'nikov, A. V.; Vostokin, G. K.; Hamilton, J. H.; Stoyer, M. A.; Strauss, S. Y. (15 September 2015). "Experiments on the synthesis of superheavy nuclei 284Fl and 285Fl in the 239,240Pu + 48Ca reactions". Physical Review C 92 (3). doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.034609.