Sù-seng

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Chit phiⁿ m̄-sī chí Hoâ-gí--ê Sù-seng, chham-khó: Phó͘-thong-oē Im-hē

Sù-seng (Hàn-jī: 四聲)[1] iah-sī piâⁿ-sióng-khì-ji̍p (平上去入) sī Hàn-gí--ê siaⁿ-tiāu hun-lūi, hun-chò piâⁿ-siaⁿ (平聲),[1] sióng-siaⁿ (上聲),[1] khì-siaⁿ kap ji̍p-siaⁿ. Pún-té sī Lâm-tiâu kàu Tông-tiâu ēng--ê Tiong-kó͘ Hàn-gí--ê 4 ê tiāu, āu-lâi--ê hàn-gí kè-sêng che lâi hun ka-tī--ê siaⁿ-tiāu.

Hàn-gí siaⁿ-tiāu pí-kàu-pió[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Ē-bīn sī Tiong-kó͘ Hàn-gí sù-seng kap taⁿ--ê Hàn-gí siaⁿ-tiāu--ê tùi-chiàu.

Kán-lio̍k ū:

Pí-kàu-pió
Hun-lūi Tē-miâ Piâⁿ-siaⁿ Sióng-siaⁿ Khì-siaⁿ Ji̍p-siaⁿ Tiāu ê gia̍h
Chhg Cho̍k Chhg Cho̍k Chhg Cho̍k Chhg Cho̍k
ChhC CC ChhC CC ChhC CC ChhC CC
Pak-hng Koaⁿ-oē Pak-kiaⁿ im-piâⁿ55 iông-piâⁿ35 sióng-siaⁿ214 khì-siaⁿ51 im-piâⁿ, iông-piâⁿ, sióng-siaⁿ, khì-siaⁿ khì-siaⁿ iông-piâⁿ 4
Chheng-tó piâⁿ-siaⁿ24 sióng-siaⁿ213 khì-siaⁿ42 sióng-siaⁿ, khì-siaⁿ khì-siaⁿ 3
Ché-lâm (濟南) im-piâⁿ55 iông-piâⁿ42 sióng-siaⁿ213 khì-siaⁿ21 im-piâⁿ khì-siaⁿ iông-piâⁿ 4
Se-an im-piâⁿ21 iông-piâⁿ24 sióng-siaⁿ53 khì-siaⁿ44 im-piâⁿ iông-piâⁿ 4
Lân-chiu im-piâⁿ31 iông-piâⁿ53 sióng-siaⁿ442 khì-siaⁿ13 iông-piâⁿ 4
Tiong-a (Tang-kan-gí (東干語))[2] piâⁿ-siaⁿ24 sióng-siaⁿ51 khì-siaⁿ44 piâⁿ-siaⁿ 3
Se-lâm Koaⁿ-oē Sêng-to͘ im-piâⁿ45 iông-piâⁿ32 sióng-siaⁿ52 khì-siaⁿ213 iông-piâⁿ 4
Lo̍k-san im-piâⁿ55 iông-piâⁿ21 sióng-siaⁿ52 khì-siaⁿ224 ji̍p-siaⁿ3 5
Kang-huâi Koaⁿ-oē Lâm-kiaⁿ im-piâⁿ31 iông-piâⁿ13 sióng-siaⁿ212 khì-siaⁿ44 ji̍p-siaⁿ5 5
Chìn-gí Thài-goân piâⁿ-siaⁿ11 sióng-siaⁿ53 khì-siaⁿ45 im-ji̍p2 iông-ji̍p54 5
Ngô͘-gí So͘-chiu im-piâⁿ44 iông-piâⁿ24 im-sióng52 iông-sióng31 im-khì412 iông-khì im-ji̍p4 iông-ji̍p23 7
Siōng-hái im-piâⁿ52 iông-khì113 im-khì334 iông-khì im-khì iông-khì im-ji̍p5 iông-ji̍p23 5
Siong-gí Tn̂g-soa im-piâⁿ33 iông-piâⁿ13 sióng-siaⁿ41 iông-khì im-khì55 iông-khì21 ji̍p-siaⁿ24 6
Kàm-gí Lâm-chhiong im-piâⁿ42 im-khì iông-piâⁿ24 sióng-siaⁿ213 iông-khì im-khì55 iông-khì21 im-ji̍p5 iông-ji̍p21 7
Kheh-oē Mûi-chiu im-piâⁿ44 iông-piâⁿ11 sióng-siaⁿ31 khì-siaⁿ52 im-ji̍p21 iông-ji̍p4 6
Bân-gí Hok-chiu im-piâⁿ44 iông-piâⁿ52 sióng-siaⁿ31 iông-khì im-khì213 iông-khì242 im-ji̍p23 iông-ji̍p4 7
Ē-mn̂g, Tâi-pak im-piâⁿ55 iông-piâⁿ24 sióng-siaⁿ51 iông-khì im-khì21 iông-khì33 im-ji̍p32 iông-ji̍p5 7
Choân-chiu im-piâⁿ33 iông-piâⁿ24 im-sióng44 iông-sióng22 im-khì41 iông-khì41 im-ji̍p5 iông-ji̍p24 8
Tiô-chiu im-piâⁿ33 iông-piâⁿ55 im-sióng53 iông-sióng35 im-khì11 iông-khì31 im-ji̍p2 iông-ji̍p5 8
Oa̍t-gí Kńg-chiu im-piâⁿ
55 iah 53
iông-piâⁿ21 im-sióng35 iông-sióng13 im-khì33 iông-khì22 ko-im-ji̍p (高-)5 tē-im-ji̍p (低-)[3] 3 iông-ji̍p2 9
Kńg-sai Pêng-oē Lâm-lêng im-piâⁿ41 iông-piâⁿ52 im-sióng33 iông-sióng24 im-khì55 iông-khì22 ko-im-ji̍p (高-) 5 tē-im-ji̍p[3] 3 ko-iông-ji̍p24 kē-iông-ji̍p 2 10
Hun-lūi Tē-miâ Piâⁿ-siaⁿ Sióng-siaⁿ Khì-siaⁿ Ji̍p-siaⁿ Tiāu ê gia̍h
Chhg Cho̍k Chhg Cho̍k Chhg Cho̍k Chhg Cho̍k
ChhC CC ChhC CC ChhC CC ChhC CC

Thóng-it-bé[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

It-koá jī-tián kā sù-seng kap im-iông khu-hun, iōng ē-kha--ê thóng-it-bé hû-hō piau:

siu-sek siaⁿ-tiāu jī-bó[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Í-hā sī siu-sek siaⁿ-tiāu jī-bó (修飾-, en:Modifier Tone Letters) khu (區)--ê sù-seng (hun im-iông)--ê hû-hō:

Siaⁿ-tiāu Hû-hō Unicode
Im-piâⁿ ꜀◌ U+A700
Iông-piâⁿ ꜁◌ U+A701
Im-sióng ꜂◌ U+A702
Iông-sióng ꜃◌ U+A703
Im-khì ◌꜄ U+A704
Iông-khì ◌꜅ U+A705
Im-ji̍p ◌꜆ U+A706
Iông-ji̍p ◌꜇ U+A707

CJK hû-hō kap piau-tiám[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Tiong-ji̍t-hân hû-hō kap piau-tiám (en:CJK Symbols and Punctuation) khu iā ū sù-seng hû-hō:

Siaⁿ-tiāu Hû-hō Unicode
Piâⁿ-siaⁿ ◌〪 U+302A
Sióng-siaⁿ ◌〫 U+302B
Khì-siaⁿ ◌〬 U+302C
Ji̍p-siaⁿ ◌〭 U+302D

Chù-kha[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Tâi-gí sû-tiân (Tâi-ji̍t Tāi-sû-tián) chha-sûn". 2016-01-10 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  2. Kam-siok-im
  3. 3.0 3.1 Mā hō-chòe "tiong-ji̍p" (中入).