Venezuela

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Venezuela
República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Flag of Venezuela (state).svg Coat of arms of Venezuela.svg
Kok-kî Kok-hui
Kok-koa: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo
(Eng-gí: "Glory to the Brave People")
Chū-jiân tē-lí
(si̍t-chè khòng-chè tē-khu)
Venezuela ê só͘-chāi
Venezuela ê só͘-chāi.
Siú-to͘ Caracas
Siāng-tōa siâⁿ-chhī Caracas
Bīn-chek
  • Kok-thó͘ bīn-chek: 916,445 km² pâi sè-kài tē-33rd miâ
Sî-khu UTC–4
Jîn-bîn seng-oa̍h
Koaⁿ-hong gí-giân Spanishb
Jîn-kháu
Bîn-cho̍k
Jîn-bîn hō-miâ Venezuelan
Chèng-tī bûn-hoà
chèng-tī chè-tō͘ Federal Presidential[2][3][4][5] republic
Kok-ka léng-tō-jîn
Keng-chè si̍t-le̍k
hoè-pè tan-ūi Bolívar fuertePang-bô͘:Ref label (VEF)
Gini hē-sò͘ 44.8(2013 nî)
GDP (PPP) $468.618 billion[1] (2016 nî)
GDP (bêng-gī siōng ê) $333.715 billion[1] (2016 nî)
Pêng-kin GDP (PPP) $15,102[1] (2016 nî)
Pêng-kin GDP (bêng-gī siōng ê) $10,755[1] (2016 nî)
HDI 0.762 (2014 nî)
Kok-ka chu-liāu
bāng-he̍k miâ-chheng sok-siá .ve
kok-chè tiān-oē khu-hō +58

Venezuela Bolívar Kiōng-hô-kok (Se-pan-gâ-gí: República Bolivariana de Venezuela) tī Lâm Bí-chiu sai-pak-pêng. Pak ū Carib-hái, tang ū Guyana, lâm ū Pa-se, sai ū Colombia. Bolívar kì-liām Simón Bolívar.

Ki-pún-chu-liāu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Venezuela". International Monetary Fund. 
  2. "Conclusion: Hybrid Regimes and Populism in Venezuela and Beyond (2010)" (PDF). p. 1. 18 July 2016 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  3. Corrales, Javier (February 25, 2015). Dragon in the Tropics (PDF). Brookings Institution Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-8157-0497-3. 
  4. Ekman, Joakim (2009). "Political Participation and Regime Stability: A Framework for Analyzing Hybrid Regimes". International Political Science Review 30 (1): 25. 
  5. Coronel, Gustavo (25 April 2011). "Is Venezuela a Dictatorship?". Latin American Herald Tribune. Open Publishing. 18 July 2016 khòaⁿ--ê.