Wolfgang Pauli

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Wolfgang Ernst Pauli
Pauli.jpg
Chhut-sì
Wolfgang Ernst Pauli

1900 nî 4 goe̍h 25 ji̍t(1900-04-25)
Kòe-sin 1958 nî 12 goe̍h 15 ji̍t (58 hòe)
Zurich, Switzerland
Kong-bîn-kôan Austria
United States
Switzerland
Bú-hāu Ludwig-Maximilians University
Chhut-miâ gôan-in
Ti̍t-chióng
Scientific career
Fields Theoretical physics
Institutions University of Göttingen
University of Copenhagen
University of Hamburg
ETH Zurich
Institute for Advanced Study
Thesis About the Hydrogen Molecular Ion Model[2] (1921)
Doctoral advisor Arnold Sommerfeld[2][1]
Other academic advisors Max Born[3]
Doctoral students
Other notable students
Influences
Influenced
Notes
His godfather was Ernst Mach. He is not to be confused with Wolfgang Paul, who called Pauli his "imaginary part",[11] a pun with the imaginary unit i.

Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (/ˈpɔːli/; Tek-gí: [ˈvɔlfɡaŋ ˈpaʊli]) sī chi̍t ūi Austria ê lí-lūn bu̍t-lí-ha̍k-ka; i sī liōng-chú bu̍t-lí-ha̍k ê khai-thok-chiá. 1945 nî, Pauli tio̍h Nobel Bu̍t-lí-ha̍k Chióng, tio̍h-chióng ê lí-iû sī “i hoat-hiān tōa-chū-jiân ê sin tēng-lu̍t, Pauli bô-chò-hóe goân-lí, koat-tēng-sèng ê kòng-hiàn.” Chit hāng pau-hoat spin lí-lūn, che sī bu̍t-chit kiat-kò͘ lí-lūn ê ki-chhó͘.

Pauli tī Vienna chhut-sì, in lāu-pē sī hòa-ha̍k-ka Wolfgang Joseph Pauli (Wolf Pascheles, 1869–1955), in lāu-bú sī Bertha Camilla Schütz, in a-chí Hertha Pauli sī chi̍t ūi chok-ka kiam ián-oân. Pauli ê tiong-ng-miâ sī beh kì-liām i ê kàu-hù Ernst Mach, i mā sī chi̍t ūi bu̍t-lí-ha̍k-ka. Pauli ê a-kong a-má sī tùi Praha lâi ê Iû-thài bōng-cho̍k; i ê cha-po͘-chó͘ sī Iû-thài chhut-pán-siong Wolf Pascheles. Pauli ê lāu-bú Bertha Schütz sī tī Lô-má Tiān-chû-kàu ê ka-têng chhiâⁿ-ióng tōa-hàn ·ê; Bertha ê lāu-pē sī Jewish writer Friedrich Schütz. Pauli was raised as a Roman Catholic, although eventually he and his parents left the Church.

Pauli tha̍k ê ko-tiong sī Vienna ê Döblinger-Gymnasium; i tī 1918-nî pit-gia̍p with distinction. Nn̄g kó goe̍h í-āu i tiō hoat-piáu i ê tē-it phiⁿ lūn-bûn, leh thó-lūn Albert Einstein ê it-poaⁿ siong-tùi-lūn. Āu-lâi i khì tha̍k München Tāi-ha̍k, chí-tō kàu-siū sī Arnold Sommerfeld, 1921-nî 7-goe̍h Pauli the̍h-tio̍h i ê phok-sū, i lūn-bûn ê tê-bo̍k sī lī-chú-hòa siang-goân-chú chúi-só͘ (H+2) ê liōng-chú lí-lūn.

Sommerfeld chhiáⁿ Pauli khì siá chi̍t phiⁿ siong-tùi-lūn ê pêng-lūn hō͘ <i id="mwXQ">Encyklopädie der mathematischen Wissenschaften</i> (Sò͘-ha̍k Kho-ha̍k Pah-kho-choân-su). Pauli the̍h-tio̍h phok-sū nn̄g kó goe̍h í-āu, siá-hó 237 iah ê bûn-chiuⁿ. Einstein mā ū kā i o-ló; hit phiⁿ siong-tùi-lūn ê bûn-chiuⁿ sī as a monograph, i kàu-taⁿ iáu koh sī siong-tùi-lūn ê phiau-chún chham-khó tho̍k-bu̍t.

Wolfgang Pauli leh siōng-khò

Pauli tī Göttingen Tāi-ha̍k chò Max Born ê chō͘-lí, keh-tńg-nî tī Copenhagen ê Lí-lūn Bu̍t-lí-ha̍k Gián-kiù-só͘ (later the Niels Bohr Institute). Chū 1923-nî kàu 1928-nî, i sī Hamburg Tāi-ha̍k ê kàu-siū. Hit-chām-á Pauli was tùi hiān-tāi liōng-chú le̍k-ha̍k ê hoat-tián chò-chhut pang-chān. Te̍k-pia̍t sī i ū kiàn-kò͘ bô-chò-hóe goân-lí kap hui-siong-tùi-lūn-sèng spin. 1924-nî i mā ū siá chi̍t phiⁿ lūn-bûn leh thó-lūn colloid hòa-ha̍k kap i-ha̍k.  

Wolfgang Pauli, 1924-nî chó-iū

Chham-khó chu-liāu[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Peierls, Rudolf (1960). "Wolfgang Ernst Pauli 1900–1958". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Royal Society. 6: 174–192. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1960.0014.  Unknown parameter |s2cid= ignored (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Wolfgang Pauli at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  3. "Max Born". Max-Born-Institut. 9 November 2020 khòaⁿ--ê. 1922...Wolfgang Pauli and Werner Heisenberg are research assistants of Max Born 
  4. Chiang, Tsai-Chien (January 2013). Madame Wu Chien-shiung: The First Lady Of Physics Research. World Scientific. pp. 195–196. ISBN 9789814579131. 
  5. "Atom and Archetype: The Pauli/Jung Letters, 1932-1958 - Updated Edition". 
  6. "Atom and Archetype: The Pauli/Jung Letters, 1932–1958". 2002-09-01. doi:10.1063/1.1522220. 
  7. "Correcting the Record on Pauli". 
  8. "The Drama in the Development of Quantum Mechanics in 1926-27". 
  9. Rechenberg, Helmut (January 1993). "Heisenberg and Pauli: Their Program of a Unified Quantum Field Theory of Elementary Particles (1927–1958)". Original Scientific Papers / Wissenschaftliche Originalarbeiten. pp. 1–20. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-70079-8_1. ISBN 978-3-642-70080-4. 
  10. Anathaswamy, Anil (2020-08-06). "When quantum physics met psychiatry". 
  11. Gerald E. Brown and Chang-Hwan Lee (2006): Hans Bethe and His Physics, World Scientific, ISBN 978-981-256-610-2, p. 338