Xenon

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Xenon,  54Xe
Xenon discharge tube.jpg
A xenon-filled discharge tube glowing light blue
Xenon Spectrum.jpg
Spectral lines of xenon
Ki-pún sèng-chit
Miâ, hû-hō xenon, Xe
Gōa-hêng colorless gas, exhibiting a blue glow when placed in a high voltage electric field
Xenon tī chiu-kî-piáu lāi ê ūi-tì
Chúi-sò͘ (siang-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Helium (hi-iú khì-thé)
Lithium (kiⁿ-kim-sio̍k)
Beryllium (kiⁿ-thó͘ kim-sio̍k)
Phêng-sò͘ (lūi-kim-sio̍k)
Thoàⁿ-sò͘ (to-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Chit-sò͘ (siang-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Sng-sò͘ (siang-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Hut-sò͘ (siang-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Ne-óng (hi-iú khì-thé)
Natrium (kiⁿ-kim-sio̍k)
Magnesium (kiⁿ-thó͘ kim-sio̍k)
A-lú-mih (pîn-kim-sio̍k)
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Ak-sò͘ (siang-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k)
Xenon (hi-iú khì-thé)
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Bohrium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Hassium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
Meitnerium (hoà-ha̍k sèng-chit iáu boē hiáu)
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Copernicium (kòe-tō͘ kim-sio̍k)
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Kr

Xe

Rn
ak-sò͘xenoncaesium
Goân-chú-hoan 54
Goân-chú-liōng (±) 131.293(6)[1]
Goân-sò͘ lūi-pia̍t   hi-iú khì-thé
Cho̍k, hun-khu 18 cho̍k, p khu
Chiu-kî tē 5 chiu-kî
Tiān-chú pâi-lia̍t [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
per shell 2, 8, 18, 18, 8
Bu̍t-lí sèng-chit
Siòng khì-thé
Iûⁿ-tiám 161.40 K ​(−111.75 °C, ​−169.15 °F)
Hut-tiám 165.051 K ​(−108.099 °C, ​−162.578 °F)
Bi̍t-tō͘ at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa) 5.894 g·L−1
2.942 g·cm−3[2]
Sam-siòng-tiám 161.405 K, ​81.77 kPa[3]
Lîm-kài-tiám 289.733 K, 5.842 MPa[3]
Iûⁿ-hoà-jia̍t 2.27 kJ·mol−1
Cheng-hoat-jia̍t 12.64 kJ·mol−1
Jia̍t-iông-liōng 21.01[4] J·mol−1·K−1
cheng-khì-ap
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
tī T (K) 83 92 103 117 137 165
Goân-chú sèng-chit
Sng-hòa-sò͘ 0, +1, +2, +4, +6, +8 ​(rarely more than 0; a weakly acidic oxide)
Tiān-hū-tō͘ Pauling scale: 2.6
Tiān-lī-lêng 1st: 1170.4 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 2046.4 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 3099.4 kJ·mol−1
Kiōng-kè pòaⁿ-kèng 140±9 pm
Van der Waals pòaⁿ-kèng 216 pm
Cha̍p-lio̍k
Chiⁿ-thé kò͘-chōface-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for xenon
Siaⁿ-sok gas: 169 m·s−1
liquid: 1090 m·s−1
Jia̍t-thoân-tō-lu̍t 5.65×10−3 W·m−1·K−1
Chû-sèng diamagnetic[5]
CAS teng-kì pian-hō 7440-63-3
Le̍k-sú
Discovery and first isolation William Ramsay and Morris Travers (1898)
Chòe ún-tēng ê tông-ūi-sò͘
Chú bûn-chiong: xenon ê tông-ūi-sò͘
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
124Xe 0.095% >4.8×1016 y (β+β+) 0.825 124Te
125Xe syn 16.9 h ε 1.652 125I
126Xe 0.089% +β+) 0.8973 126Te
127Xe syn 36.345 d ε 0.662 127I
128Xe 1.91% (SF) <35.047
129Xe 26.4% (SF) <33.947
130Xe 4.07% (SF) <32.483
131Xe 21.2% (SF) <31.140
132Xe 26.9% (SF) <30.885
133Xe syn 5.247 d β 0.427 133Cs
134Xe 10.4% >1.1×1016 y (ββ) 0.819 134Ba
135Xe syn 9.14 h β 1.16 135Cs
136Xe 8.86% 2.165×1021 y[6] ββ 2.45783[7] 136Ba
Decay modes in parentheses are predicted, but have not yet been observed

Xenon sī 1 ê hoà-ha̍k goân-sò͘. I ê goân-chú-hoan sī 54, hoà-ha̍k hû-hō sī Xe.

Chham-chiàu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  2. "Xenon". Gas Encyclopedia. Air Liquide. 2009. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Haynes, William M., pian. (2011). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (92nd pán.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p. 4.123. ISBN 1439855110. 
  4. Hwang, Shuen-Cheng; Weltmer, William R. (2000). "Helium Group Gases". Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. Wiley. pp. 343–383. doi:10.1002/0471238961.0701190508230114.a01. ISBN 0-471-23896-1. 
  5. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., pian. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th pán.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 
  6. Albert, J. B.; Auger, M.; Auty, D. J.; Barbeau, P. S.; Beauchamp, E.; Beck, D.; Belov, V.; Benitez-Medina, C.; Bonatt, J.; Breidenbach, M.; Brunner, T.; Burenkov, A.; Cao, G. F.; Chambers, C.; Chaves, J.; Cleveland, B.; Cook, S.; Craycraft, A.; Daniels, T.; Danilov, M.; Daugherty, S. J.; Davis, C. G.; Davis, J.; Devoe, R.; Delaquis, S.; Dobi, A.; Dolgolenko, A.; Dolinski, M. J.; Dunford, M.; et al. (2014). "Improved measurement of the 2νββ half-life of 136Xe with the EXO-200 detector". Physical Review C. 89. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.89.015502. 
  7. Redshaw, M.; Wingfield, E.; McDaniel, J.; Myers, E. (2007). "Mass and Double-Beta-Decay Q Value of 136Xe". Physical Review Letters. 98 (5): 53003. Bibcode:2007PhRvL..98e3003R. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.053003.