Tiong-kó͘ Ji̍t-gí

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Tiong-kó͘ Ji̍t-gí (Ji̍t-pún-oē: 中古日本語; Tyûko Nihongo) sī Ji̍t-pún ê chi̍t-ê kai-tōaⁿ, kè-sêng chū Chhiūⁿ-kó͘ Ji̍t-gí (Zyôdai Nihongo) sú-iōng chiông 794 nî kàu 1185 nî chi-kan ê Pêng-an sî-tāi (Heian-jidai).

Pòe-kéng[siu-kái]

Ū-kàm-î Tiong-kó· Ji̍t-gí chioh-iōng kah kái-phian Tiong-kok ê bûn-jī lâi su-siá Ji̍t-gí, tī Tiong-kó· sî-kî ū chhut-hiān nn̄g-chióng sin ê jī-bó: pêⁿ-ké-miâ (hiragana) kah phiàn-ké-miâ (katakana). Chit-chióng hoat-tián chin-ū kán-hòa Ji̍t-gí su-siá ê kang-chok, pèng tài-lâi Ji̍t-pún bûn-ha̍k ê sin-sî-tāi, keng-tián chok-phín ū Gôan-sī Bu̍t-gí, Tek-chhú Bu̍t-gí, I-sì Bu̍t-gí téng-téng.

Im-ūi[siu-kái]

a i u e o
ka ki ku ke ko
ga gi gu ge go
sa si su se so
za zi zu ze zo
ta ti tu te to
da di du de do
na ni nu ne no
ha hi hu he ho
ba bi bu be bo
ma mi mu me mo
ya   yu   yo
ra ri ru re ro
wa wi   we  


Chham-khó bûn-hiàn[siu-kái]

  • Yamaguti, Akiho; Hideo Suzuki, Ryûzô Sakanasi, Masayuki Tukimoto (1997). Nihongo no Rekisi. Tôkyô Daigaku Syuppankai. ISBN 4-13-082004-4.
  • Kondô, Yasuhiro; Masayuki Tukimoto, Katumi Sugiura (2005). Nihongo no Rekishi. Hôsô Daigaku Kyôiku Sinkôkai. ISBN 4-595-30547-8.
  • Ôno, Susumu (2000). Nihongo no Keisei. Iwanami Syoten. ISBN 4-00-001758-6.
  • Martin, Samuel E. (1987). The Japanese Language Through Time. Yale University. ISBN 0-300-03729-5.
  • Shibatani, Masayoshi (1990). The Languages of Japan. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-36918-5.
  • Frellesvig, Bjarke (1995). A Case Study in Diachronic Phonology: The Japanese Onbin Sound *Changes. Aarhus University Press. ISBN 87-7288-489-4.

Chham-koan[siu-kái]

Incubator ū Tiong-kó· Ji̍t-gí

chit-chióng gí-giân ê chhì-giām pán-pún.