Buenos Aires

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Buenos Aires
Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires Photo Montage.png
Buenos Aires ê kî-á
Kî-á
Buenos Aires ê hui-kì
Hui-kì
Buenos Aires tī Argentina ê ūi-tì
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Keng-hūi-tō͘: 34°36′36.00″S 58°22′11.99″W / 表達式錯誤:未預料的 < 運算子 表達式錯誤:未預料的 < 運算子 / 表達式錯誤:無法識別的詞語「s」°; 表達式錯誤:無法識別的詞語「w」°
Kok-ka Argentina
Khí-chō 1536 nî, 1580 nî
Chèng-hú
 - Chhī-tiúⁿ Mauricio Macri
Bīn-chek
 - Chhī-khu 203 km2
 - Thó͘-tē 203 km2
 - To͘-chhī-khian 4,758 km2
Jîn-khaú (2009 est.)
 - Chhī-khu 3,050,728
 - To͘-chhī-khian 13,356,715
  [1]
Bāng-chām http://www.buenosaires.gov.ar/

Buenos Aires, chèng-sek ê miâ sī Buenos Aires Chū-tī Siâⁿ-chhī (Se-pan-gâ-gí: Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires) sī Argentina ê siú-to͘ kiam tē-it tōa siâⁿ-chhī, tī La Plata Hô ê hōaⁿ-piⁿ. Buenos Aires ê jîn-kháu ū 305 bān, to͘-hōe-khu jîn-kháu ū 1335 bān, sī Latin Bí-chiu tē-saⁿ tōa ê to͘-hōe.

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái]

Biâu-su̍t thâu pái khí-chō āu ê Buenos Aires ê oē-tô͘.

Khí-chō[siu-kái]

Boenos Aires chi̍t khai-sí tī 1536 nî 2 goe̍h 2 ji̍t kiàn siâⁿ ê sî-chūn sī hō chò Ciudad de Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Ayre.[2] Hit-tang-chūn tī Pedro de Mendoza ê niá-chhoā hā, Se-pan-gâ-lâng kā siâⁿ siat tī kin-á-ji̍t Boenos Aires lāi-té ê San Telmo khu.

Āu-lâi in-ūi goân-chū-bîn ê kong-kek, 1541 nî chit-ê siâⁿ hōng pàng-sak. Kàu 1580 nî sin ê siâⁿ khah koh iû Juan de Garay lâi kiàn-li̍p. I kā chia hō chi̍t-ê sió miâ "Santísima Trinidad"; káng-kháu chheng chò "Puerto de Santa María de los Buenos Aires"

Si̍t-bîn sî-tāi[siu-kái]

Bō͘-e̍k sī chá-kî Buenos Aires chú-iàu ê i-lāi. Siū tio̍h hái-chha̍t ê kiáu-jiáu, ūn-su ê sî-kan chin tn̂g, sêng-pún mā khah koân, koh hoat-tián chhut cháu-su oa̍h-tāng, chō-sêng chāi-tē-lâng ê hūn-khì.

Āu-lâi Carlos 3-sè kiám-kē bō͘-e̍k ê hān-chè, koh tī 1700 nî-tāi āu-kî siat Buenos Ayres chò khai-hòng ê káng-kháu. Carlos āu-lâi mā kā Virreinato del Perú hun chhut chi̍t-ê í Buenos Aires chò siú-tō͘ ê Virreinato del Río de la Plata lâi koán-lí.

Britain ji̍p-chhim Río de la Plata ê sî-chūn, tùi Buenos Aires ū 2-kái ê kong-kek. Kàu 1806 nî, Britain chiàm-niá Buenos Aires, m̄-koh koh khì hō͘ Santiago de Liniers tùi Montevideo niá lâi ê kun-tūi phah pāi. Santiago de Liniers mā chiâⁿ chò chia ê sin hù-ông (virrey, si̍t-bîn-tē ê thâu-lâng), tī 1807 nî chài-tō͘ chiàn iâⁿ Britain.

1810 nî, Gō͘-goe̍h Kek-bēng hoat-seng, khái-sí liáu Argentina To̍k-li̍p Chiàn-cheng. Kàu 1816 nî, chèng-sek soan-pò͘ to̍k-li̍p.

Hiān-tāi[siu-kái]

Buenos Aires goân-pún sī Buenos Aires Séng ê hú-siâⁿ, tī 1853 nî kàu 1860 nî kî-kan, Buenos Aires koh chiâⁿ chò Buenos Aires Chiu ê hú-siâⁿ. 1880 nî ê sî-chūn, kok-ka siú-tō͘ ê tē-ūi khak-teng, chhī-tiúⁿ sī chóng-thóng lâi chí-tēng. In-ê chóng-thóng-hú hō chò Casa Rosada.

19 sè-kí âu poàⁿ ê thih-lō͘ kiàn-siat, chin-ka liáu Buenos Aires ê keng-chè hoat-tián. Chia-ê bûn-hoà mā chin o̍ah-hiáⁿ, 1908 nî khai-siat ê Teatro Colón sī sè-kài siāng hó ê kio̍k-tiûⁿ chi it. Tī 20 sè-kí ê chho͘-kî, Buenos Aires kiàn-siat liáu Lâm Bí-chiu siāng chá ê tē-hā-thih hē-thóng kap hit-chūn siāng koân ê lâu-á-chhù.

1920 nî-tāi, Buenos Aires sī Au-chiu, iû-kî Se-pan-gâ kap Italia, he̍k-chiá sī Argentina kî-thaⁿ séng-hūn kap hū-kīn kok-ka jîn-bûn ê tiōng-iàu î-bîn tē-tiám. Kàu 1930 nî-tāi, tī siâⁿ-chhī ê kang-gia̍p tē-khu, hoat-tián chhut chi̍t koá chāi-tē-lâng chheng chò villa miseria ê sàn-chhiah siā-lí, chō-sêng chin chē siā-hoē būn-tê. 1945 nî kàu 1980 nî kî-kan, siâⁿ-chhī koh chi̍t pái khoài-sok hùn-tōa.

Buenos Aires sī Juan Perón kap i-ê sè-le̍k Perón-chú-gī ê kì-tiám. Tī hit-ê sî-kî, Buenos Aires hoat-seng chin chē chèng-tī sū-kiāⁿ, chhan-chhiūⁿ 1945 nî tī Plaza de Mayo ê iû-hêng kap 1955 nî hái-kun hoán-tùi-phài hoat-khí ê chà-tàn sū-kiāⁿ. Āu-boé Juan Perón hōng thui-hoan.

1970 nî-tāi chi̍t-ê siâⁿ-chhī chiâⁿ chò chó-phài kek-bēng ūn-tōng kap iū-phài bú-chng sè-le̍k ê chiàn-tiûⁿ. 1976 nî, Jorge Rafael Videla niá-chhoā ê kun-sū sè-le̍k hoat-tōng "A-cha Chiàn-cheng" (Guerra Sucia), chō-sêng 3 bān lâng ê sit-chong kap sí-bông.

Tī 1982 nî kap 1987 nî, Kàu-chong John Paul 2-sè hóng-mn̄g liáu Buenos Aires. 1983 nî, bîn-chú khoe-ho̍k. 1990 nî-tāi, keng-chè mā khai-sí ho̍k-heng.

1993 nî ê sî-chūn, Buenos Aires tit tio̍h chū-tī ê tē-ūi, goân-lâi chóng-thóng chí-tēng chhī-tiúⁿ ê chè-tō͘ mā hùi-tû. 1996 nî 12 goe̍h 30 ji̍t, Buenos Aires ê chhī-bîn thâu chi̍t kái soán chhī-tiūⁿ.

Tē-lí[siu-kái]

Buenos Aires ê tang-bīn kap tang-pak-bīn sī La Plata Hô; lâm-bīn kap tang-lâm-bīn sī Matanza Hô; tī sai-bīn, sai-lâm kap sai-pak sī í kong-lō͘ Avenida General Paz chò siâⁿ-lāi kap Buenos Aires Séng ê kài-soàⁿ. Chi̍t-ê siâⁿ-chhī toā-hūn lóng sio̍k tī Pampa pêng-goân tē-khu.

Buenos Aires goân-lâi ū chit koá sià-ô͘ kap sió chúi-tō. Ūi-tio̍h pâi-chúi ê sūn-lī, toā-hūn ê chúi-tō lóng í-keng hōng chúi-kóng-hoà, chúi-kau-hoà; sió-hūn hōng thiân-pêⁿ.

Khì-hāu[siu-kái]

Buenos Aires siok tâm-lùn hù-Jia̍t-tāi khì-hāu. Kui nî pêng-kin ū 17.2 °C ê un-tō͘

Khì-hāu chu-liāu: Buenos Aires (1981 nî - 1990 nî)
Goe̍h-hūn 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Kì-lio̍k ko-un °C (°F) 43.3 38.7 37.9 36.0 31.6 28.5 30.2 34.4 34 34 36.8 40.5 43.3
Pêng-kin ko-un °C (°F) 30.4 28.7 26.4 22.7 19.0 15.6 13.9 17.3 18.9 22.5 25.3 28.1 21.5
Ji̍t pêng-kin °C (°F) 25.1 23.7 21.4 17.7 14.3 11.2 10.9 12.7 14.2 17.7 20.6 23.2 17.2
Pêng-kin kē-un °C (°F) 20.4 19.4 17.0 13.7 10.3 7.6 7.4 8.9 9.9 13.0 15.9 18.4 12.9
Kì-lio̍k kē-un °C (°F) 5.9 4.2 2.8 -2.3 -4 -5.3 -5.4 -4.0 -2.4 -2 1.6 3.7 -5.4
Kàng-chúi mm (in) 121.6 122.6 153.9 106.9 92.1 50.0 52.9 63.2 77.7 139.3 131.2 103.2 1,214.6
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[3]

Chham-khó chu-liāu[siu-kái]

  1. Population projections
  2. Argentina: A Short History by Colin M. Lewis, Oneworld Publications, Oxford, 2002. ISBN 1-85168-300-3
  3. Características Climáticas Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Tī 2008-12 khoàⁿ--ê.

Wikimedia Commons ū koan-hē Buenos Aires ê to-mûi-thé tóng-àn.