E̍k-chu

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(Tùi E̍k-biâu choán--lâi)
Thiàu khì: se̍h chām, chhiau-chhoē

E̍k-chu[1] (eng. vaccine), Ē-mn̂g-ōe ū kóng chu-chiuⁿchu-chéng[2], sī chiam-tùi bó͘ khoán chek-pēⁿ chò seng-bu̍t siōng ū-hông ê chhiú-tōaⁿ. E̍k-chu ki-pún ê chè-chō goân-lí sī lī-ēng sí-bông he̍k-chiá jio̍k-hòa liáu-āu ê pēⁿ-goân hō͘ sin-thé sán-seng khòng-thé. Ū-hông-siā sī it-poaⁿ só͘ kóng ê e̍k-chu, chóng-sī e̍k-chu bô it-tēng tio̍h ēng chù-siā hêng-sek si̍t-hêng.

Iōng-gí[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Eng-gí vaccine ê gí-goân sī tùi Variolae vaccinae (gû ê thian-jiân-tō͘) lâi--ê, tāi-seng sī Edward Jenner ēng lâi chí gû-tāu-chu (cowpox) ê ì-sù. I tī 1798 nî kài-siāu ēng gû-tāu-chu tùi-khòng thian-jiân-tō͘ ê bûn-chiuⁿ Gián-kiù hông châi-iáⁿ chò Gû-tāu-chu ê Variolae vaccinae (Inquiry into the Variolae vaccinae known as the Cow Pox) pat ēng chit jī.[3]

1881 nî ê sî, ūi kì-liam Jenner, hoat-kok ê ha̍k-chiá Louis Pasteur thê chhut ēng chit jī lâi piáu-tat só͘ ū sin khai-hoat ê ū-hông chiap-chèng.[4]

Chham-chiàu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. Ogawa Naoyosi, pian. (1931). "疫痘". Tai-Nichi Dai Jiten 臺日大辭典 [Tâi-Ji̍t Tōa Sû-tián] (ēng Ji̍t-pún-gí). 
  2. John Macgowan (1883). "Vaccine". English and Chinese dictionary of the Amoy dialect (ēng Eng-gí). 
  3. Baxby, Derrick (1999). "Edward Jenner's Inquiry; a bicentenary analysis". Vaccine 17 (4): 301–7. PMID 9987167. doi:10.1016/s0264-410x(98)00207-2. 
  4. Pasteur, Louis (1881). "Address on the Germ Theory". Lancet 118 (3024): 271–2. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(02)35739-8. 

Siong-koan[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]