Lî-sò͘

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3 heliumlithiumberyllium
H

Li

Na
Li-TableImage.png
It-poaⁿ sèng-chit
Miâ, Hû-hō, Goân-chú-hoan lithium, Li, 3
Hun-lūi alkali metals
Cho̍k, Chiu-kî, Khu 1, 2, s
Goā-hêng silvery white/gray
Li,3.jpg
Goân-chú-liōng 6.941(2) g/mol
Tiān-chú phoè-tì 1s2 2s1
Ta̍k kai ê Tiān-chú 2, 1
Bu̍t-lí sèng-chit
Siòng solid
Bi̍t-tō͘ (oá sek-un) 0.534 g·cm−3
Iûⁿ-tiám ê e̍k-thé bi̍t-tō͘ 0.512 g·cm−3
Iûⁿ-tiám 453.69 K
(180.54 °C, 356.97 °F)
Kún-tiám 1615 K
(1342 °C, 2448 °F)
Lîm-kài-tiám (extrapolated)
3223 K, 67 MPa
Heat of fusion 3.00 kJ·mol−1
Khì-hoà-jia̍t 147.1 kJ·mol−1
Jia̍t-siaⁿ (25 °C) 24.860 J·mol−1·K−1
Cheng-khì-ap
P/Pa 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T/K 797 885 995 1144 1337 1610
Goân-chú sèng-chit
Kiat-chiⁿ kiat-kò͘ cubic body centered
Ióng-hoà 1
(strongly basic oxide)
Hù-tiān-tō͘ 0.98 (Pauling piau-tō͘)
Lî-chú-hoà lêng-liōng tē 1: 520.2 kJ/mol
tē 2: 7298.1 kJ/mol
tē 3: 11815.0 kJ/mol
Goân-chú poàⁿ-kèng 145 pm
Goân-chú poàⁿ-kèng (calc.) 167 pm
Kiōng-kè poàⁿ-kèng 134 pm
Van der Waals poàⁿ-kèng 182 pm
Kî-thaⁿ sèng-chit
Chû-sèng hong-hiòng nonmagnetic
Tiān-chó͘ (20 °C) 92.8 nΩ·m
Thoân-jia̍t-lu̍t (300 K) 84.8 W·m−1·K−1
Jia̍t-phòng-lu̍t (25 °C) 46 µm·m−1·K−1
Im-sok (po̍h phiáⁿ) (20 °C) 6000 m/s
Young bô͘-liōng 4.9 GPa
Chián-chhiat bô͘-liōng 4.2 GPa
Ap-chin bô͘-liōng 11 GPa
Mohs tēng-tō͘ 0.6
CAS hoan-hō 7439-93-2
Ū-miâ ê tông-ūi-sò͘
chham-khó: Li ê tông-ūi-sò͘
iso NA poàⁿ-kiám-kî DM DE (MeV) DP
6Li 7.5% Li ū 3 lia̍p tiong-chú ê ún-tēng tông-ūi-sò͘
7Li 92.5% Li ū 4 lia̍p tiong-chú ê ún-tēng tông-ūi-sò͘
6Li content may be as low as 3.75% in
natural samples. 7Li would therefore
have a content of up to 96.25%.
Chham-khó

Li (Hi-lia̍p-gí: lithos: chio̍h-thaû) sī 1 chióng hoà-ha̍k goân-sò͘, goân-chú-hoan 3. Li sī ú-tiúToā-phek-le̍k goân-sò͘ ha̍p-sêng (Big Bang nucleosynthesis) thaû 3 hun-cheng tō chhòng-chō--chhut-lâi ê 4 chióng goân-sò͘ chi it. Li tī chiu-kî-pió ê tē 1 cho̍k, sī 1 chióng kiⁿ kim-sio̍k (alkali metal), mā sī siāng khin ê kò͘-thé goân-sò͘.