Siah

Wikipedia (chū-iû ê pek-kho-choân-su) beh kā lí kóng...
Thiàu khì: Se̍h chāmchhiau-chhoē
50 indiumsiahantimony
Ge

Sn

Pb
Sn-TableImage.png
It-poaⁿ sèng-chit
Miâ, Hû-hō, Goân-chú-hoan siah, Sn, 50
Hun-lūi pi kim-sio̍k
Cho̍k, Chiu-kî, Khu 14, 5, p
Goā-hêng silvery lustrous gray
Sn,50.jpg
Goân-chú-liōng 118.710(7) g/mol
Tiān-chú phoè-tì [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
Ta̍k kai ê Tiān-chú 2, 8, 18, 18, 4
Bu̍t-lí sèng-chit
Siòng solid
Bi̍t-tō͘ (oá sek-un) (white) 7.265 g·cm−3
Bi̍t-tō͘ (oá sek-un) (gray) 5.769 g·cm−3
Iûⁿ-tiám ê e̍k-thé bi̍t-tō͘ 6.99 g·cm−3
Iûⁿ-tiám 505.08 K
(231.93 °C, 449.47 °F)
Kún-tiám 2875 K
(2602 °C, 4716 °F)
Heat of fusion (white) 7.03 kJ·mol−1
Khì-hoà-jia̍t (white) 296.1 kJ·mol−1
Jia̍t-siaⁿ (25 °C) (white)
27.112 J·mol−1·K−1
Cheng-khì-ap
P/Pa 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T/K 1497 1657 1855 2107 2438 2893
Goân-chú sèng-chit
Kiat-chiⁿ kiat-kò͘ tetragonal
Ióng-hoà 4, 2
(amphoteric oxide)
Hù-tiān-tō͘ 1.96 (Pauling piau-tō͘)
Lî-chú-hoà lêng-liōng
(chóng-pió)
tē 1: 708.6 kJ·mol−1
tē 2: 1411.8 kJ·mol−1
tē 3: 2943.0 kJ·mol−1
Goân-chú poàⁿ-kèng 145 pm
Goân-chú poàⁿ-kèng (calc.) 145 pm
Kiōng-kè poàⁿ-kèng 141 pm
Van der Waals poàⁿ-kèng 217 pm
Kî-thaⁿ sèng-chit
Chû-sèng hong-hiòng no data
Tiān-chó͘ (0 °C) 115 nΩ·m
Thoân-jia̍t-lu̍t (300 K) 66.8 W·m−1·K−1
Jia̍t-phòng-lu̍t (25 °C) 22.0 µm·m−1·K−1
Im-sok (po̍h phiáⁿ) (sek-un) (rolled) 2730  m·s−1
Young bô͘-liōng 50 GPa
Chián-chhiat bô͘-liōng 18 GPa
Ap-chin bô͘-liōng 58 GPa
Poisson pí 0.36
Mohs tēng-tō͘ 1.5
Brinell tēng-tō͘ 51 MPa
CAS hoan-hō 7440-31-5
Ū-miâ ê tông-ūi-sò͘
chham-khó: Sn ê tông-ūi-sò͘
iso NA poàⁿ-kiám-kî DM DE (MeV) DP
112Sn 0.97% Sn ū 62 lia̍p tiong-chú ê ún-tēng tông-ūi-sò͘
114Sn 0.65% Sn ū 64 lia̍p tiong-chú ê ún-tēng tông-ūi-sò͘
115Sn 0.34% Sn ū 65 lia̍p tiong-chú ê ún-tēng tông-ūi-sò͘
116Sn 14.54% Sn ū 66 lia̍p tiong-chú ê ún-tēng tông-ūi-sò͘
117Sn 7.68% Sn ū 67 lia̍p tiong-chú ê ún-tēng tông-ūi-sò͘
118Sn 24.23% Sn ū 68 lia̍p tiong-chú ê ún-tēng tông-ūi-sò͘
119Sn 8.59% Sn ū 69 lia̍p tiong-chú ê ún-tēng tông-ūi-sò͘
120Sn 32.59% Sn ū 70 lia̍p tiong-chú ê ún-tēng tông-ūi-sò͘
122Sn 4.63% Sn ū 72 lia̍p tiong-chú ê ún-tēng tông-ūi-sò͘
124Sn 5.79% Sn ū 74 lia̍p tiong-chú ê ún-tēng tông-ūi-sò͘
126Sn syn ~1 E5 y Beta- 0.380 126Sb
Chham-khó

Sn (Latin-gí: Stannum) ia̍h siahchiu-kî-pió lāi-té ê 1 chióng hoà-ha̍k goân-sò͘, goân-chú-hoan 50. Sn sī lio̍h-á niáu-chhí-á-sek, hó-chhun-iân ê pi kim-sio̍k (poor metal), tī khong-khì--nih bô siáⁿ ē sng-hoà (oxidation), bô siáⁿ ē hú-si̍h (corrosion). Chin chē hūn-kim lóng ū hūn Sn, he̍k-chiá kā kim-sio̍k tō͘ 1 iân Sn, thang hông-chí hú-si̍h. Sn toā-hūn sī ùi siah-chio̍h (cassiterite) chit chióng khòng-bu̍t the̍h--tio̍h.