Ingenuity ti̍t-seng-ki

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Ingenuity ti̍t-sing-ki
(Ki-tì-hō ti̍t-sing-ki)
Mars 2020 ê tsi̍t pōo-hūn
PIA23882-MarsHelicopterIngenuity-20200429 (trsp).png
Ingenuity ti̍t-sing-ki ê tsén-íng
Līng-tshing
Luī-hîng BHK ti̍t-seng-ki
Tsè-tsō-tsiá PTS
Ki-su̍t tsu-guân
Tshùn-tshioh
  • Ki-sin: 13.6 cm × 19.5 cm × 16.3 cm (5.4 in × 7.7 in × 6.4 in)[1]
  • Tsiūñ-lio̍k kha-kè: 0.384 m (1 ft 3.1 in)[1]
Ti̍t-kìng Suan-i̍k: 1.2 m (4 ft)[1][2][3]
Kuân-tōo 0.49 m (1 ft 7 in)[1]
Ting-lio̍k tsit-liōng
Kong-lu̍t 350-[1][4]
Hui-hîng li̍k-sú
Huat-siā li̍t-kî 2020-nî 7-gue̍h 30-li̍t, 11:50:00 UTC
Huat-siā tē-tiám Cape Canaveral, SLC-41
Tsiūñ-lio̍k li̍t-kî 2021-nî 2-gue̍h 18-li̍t, 20:55 UTC
Tsiūñ-lio̍k
 tē-tiám
18°26′41″N 77°27′03″E / 18.4447°N 77.4508°E / 18.4447; 77.4508,
Jezero lòng-kik-khen
Ke-si
Mars Helicopter JPL insignia.svg
PTS hué-tsheñ ti̍t-sing-ki ê hui-tsiong

Ingenuity ti̍t-sing-ki (guā-hō: Ginny; Ki-tì-hō ti̍t-sing-ki, Sió tsing-lîng; poj: Ki-tì-hō ti̍t-seng-ki, Sió cheng-lêng; eng-gí: Ingenuity (helicopter), Ginny; hàn-gí: 機智號直升機, 小精靈[5][6]) sī tsi̍t tsiah hué-tsheñ bô-lîn ti̍t-sing-ki.[7][8] Kè-uē teh Mars 2020 ê līm-bū lāi-té iōng-lai tsìn-hîng huih-in ki-su̍t giām-tsìng; i ē-sái thê-kiong bo̍k-tsiân kuí-tō uī-tsheñ ia̍h-sī tē-bīn thàm-tshik-tshia kah ting-lio̍k-khì bô-huat-tōo thê-kiong ê ti̍k-pia̍t kak-tōo. Uî thàm-tshik-khì hi̍k lîn-luī thê-kiong ko tshing-sik-tōo tôo-siōng kah tsing-tshat, pīng sú-iōng thàm-tshik-tshia ē-sái tsìn-ji̍p pháiñ kiâñ-kàu ê tē-hîng.[9]

Ingenuity tit-beh tio̍h-lio̍k liáu-āu 60 tsì 90-kang uì Perseverance ê pak- (body relative direction) hun-lî.[10] Kah Petseverance hun-lî liáu-āu tit-beh tsìn-hîng uî-kî 30-kang ê hui-hîng tshik-tshì. Hui-hîng kuan-tōo lī tē-bīn 3 tsì 5-bí, hui-hîng kī-lī ē-sái kàu 300-bí (980 ing-tshioh); ta̍k-pái bē tshiau-kuè 3 hun-tsing, siōng-ke hui-hîng 5 pèn.[11] Ingenuity ti̍t-sing-ki ē-sái teh hui-hîng tiong tsìn-hîng tsū-tsú khòng-tsè, ta̍k-piàn kàng-lo̍h liáu-āu, i-e̊ ti̍t-tsiap kah Perseverance thong-sìn. Tse tō beh-sī lîn-luī siú-tshù si̍t-hiān hui-hîng-khì teh kî-thañ sing-kiû ê siū-khòng hui-hîng.[12]

Nā-sī Ingenuity siú-pue sîng-kong, tō beh teh 30-ê hué-tsheñ li̍t (liōng-kî-iok-á 31-ê tē-kiû li̍t) ê thang-á-kháu kî lāi tsip-hîng āu-suà 4-pèn tshì-pue līm-bū. Līm-bū thuân-tuī teh-beh thong-kuè Ingenuity giām-tsìng teh hué-tsheñ tuā-khuì-tsân hui-hîng sóo su-iàu ê ki-su̍t; uī tiû-pī bī-lâi ke-khì-lîn ia̍h-sī lîn-luī thàm-soh hué-tsheñ ê sî-tsūn tsah-ê sian-tsìn hui-hîng-khì phah ki-tshóo. Tsia-ê ti̍t-sing-ki tō ē-sái teh bī-lâi ê thàm-tshik līm-bū tiong tam-līm hú-tso̊o ê kak-sik; pí-lû: Tsò-uî ke-khì-lîn tsing-tshâ-guân, uì tíng-kuân khàm-tshik tē-hîng ia̍h-sī tsò-uî to̍k-li̍p khoh-ak hui-hîng-khì lai-tsah gî-khì (measuring instrument).[13]

Siat-kè[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Ginny ê tsoo-sîng guân-kiāñ tôo
Ginny ê hui-hîng ti̍k-sìng
Rotor speed 2400 rpm[1][3]
Blade tip speed <0.7 Mach[8]
Operational time 1 to 5 flights within 30 sols[1][4]
Flight time Up to 90 seconds per flight[1]
Maximum range, flight 50 m (160 ft)[1]
Maximum range, radio 1,000 m (3,300 ft)[13]
Maximum planned altitude 5 m (16 ft)[1]
Maximum speed
  • Horizontal: 10 m/s (33 ft/s)[14]
  • Vertical: 3 m/s (9.8 ft/s)[14]
Battery capacity 35–40 Wh (130–140 kJ)[15]

Huih-ing tshing-tuañ[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Hō-má Li̍t-kî
(UTC)
Tī-khong sî-kan
(bió)
Hui-hîng ko-tōo
(bí/ing-tshioh)
Ket-kó
2021-nî 4-gue̍h 19 teh 07:30
39.1
3 m (9.8 ft) (tāi-iok)
Sîng-kong
NET 2021-nî 4-gue̍h 23
TKK
TKK
Kè-uē
3
NET 2021-nî 4-gue̍h 26
TKK
TKK
Kè-uē
4
NET 2021-nî 4-gue̍h 29
TKK
TKK
Kè-uē
5
NET 2021-nî 5-gue̍h 02
TKK
TKK
Kè-uē

TKK: Tsiah-koh kuat-tīng

Tôo-phìñ[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Iáñ-phìñ[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Ginny tē-it pái hui-hîng iáñ-phìñ
(2021-nî 4-gue̍h 19-li̍t)

Hué-tsheñ hui-hîng tshik-tshì[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Mars Ingenuity helicopter tests
Flight zone and rover locations
Flight zone map
Rover view of flight zone
Flight zone activities
Perseverance rover track and Ingenuity helicopter flight zone seen after rover had reached Van Zyl Overlook

Hué-tsheñ tíng-kuân ê hui-hîng tshau-tsok[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Flights on Mars
Ingenuitys first flight captured by MastCam-Z aboard Mars 2020 Perseverance rover
Ingenuitys first flight altimeter data. The sudden increase in the graph indicates the flight period.
Ingenuity safe after first flight

Ginny hip ê tôo-siōng[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Images from Ingenuity helicopter[lower-alpha 1]
Ingenuity helicopter's first color image after deployment on April 4, 2021[lower-alpha 2]
Ingenuitys first black-and-white image from the air on its first flight, showing its shadow

Perseverance hip ê tôo-siōng[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Ingenuity helicopter deployment: out from under the Perseverance rover and pre-flight testing operations
Successful deployment on Mars
Mars helicopter on sol 46
Ingenuity helicopter rotor blades unlocked for flying
Ingenuity on Sol 48[lower-alpha 3]
Ingenuity gives its blades a slow-speed spin up test or 50 rpm test spin on sol 48
Ingenuity helicopter just after its blades completed a high-speed spin up test or 2400 rpm test spin on Sol 55[lower-alpha 3]
Ingenuity in shield under rover
Debris shield removed
Rover moves away
Deployment begins
Fully vertical
Legs deployed

Perseverance ê tsū-phai[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Mars 2020 in Jezero crater on Mars containing Ingenuity helicopter — self-portraits
Ingenuity helicopter drop site, Wright Brothers Field
(April 2021)
  1. All images taken by Ingenuity are taken from black-and-white downward-facing navigation camera or horizon-facing terrain camera
  2. Ingenuity legs on both sides of the image along with wheels in top corners
  3. 3.0 3.1 Please see the difference between the image on high-speed spin up test and the one on Sol 48, that is the image on Sol 48 has the upper blade in diagonal position while the high-speed spin up test has lower blade in diagonal position

Huat-tén[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Perseverance hué-tsheñ-tshia (Mars rover) kàng-lo̍h tē-tiám ê tsuân-kíng-tôo (panorama).

Hué-tsheñ ting-lio̍k tē-tiám-tôo[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Acheron FossaeAcidalia PlanitiaAlba MonsAmazonis PlanitiaAonia PlanitiaArabia TerraArcadia PlanitiaArgentea PlanumArgyre PlanitiaChryse PlanitiaClaritas FossaeCydonia MensaeDaedalia PlanumElysium MonsElysium PlanitiaGale craterHadriaca PateraHellas MontesHellas PlanitiaHesperia PlanumHolden craterIcaria PlanumIsidis PlanitiaJezero craterLomonosov craterLucus PlanumLycus SulciLyot craterLunae PlanumMalea PlanumMaraldi craterMareotis FossaeMareotis TempeMargaritifer TerraMie craterMilankovič craterNepenthes MensaeNereidum MontesNilosyrtis MensaeNoachis TerraOlympica FossaeOlympus MonsPlanum AustralePromethei TerraProtonilus MensaeSirenumSisyphi PlanumSolis PlanumSyria PlanumTantalus FossaeTempe TerraTerra CimmeriaTerra SabaeaTerra SirenumTharsis MontesTractus CatenaTyrrhen TerraUlysses PateraUranius PateraUtopia PlanitiaValles MarinerisVastitas BorealisXanthe TerraMap of Mars
The image above contains clickable linksHué-tsheñ tsuân-kiû tē-hîng ê kau-hōo-sik iáñ-siòng tē-tôo, tíng-kuân pio-tsì-tio̍h hué-tsheñ tsiūñ-lio̍k-khì kah hué-tsheñ-tshia ê uī-tì. Kah ku̍t-tshí hiân-thîng teh tôo-siōng tíng-kuân, tō ē-sái tshâ-khuàñ 60 guā-ê hué-tsheñ tsú-iàu ê tē-lí bîng-tshing, koh-lâi tshi̍h tôo-siōng tō ē-sái lên-ket-tio̍h tsia-ê hāng-bo̍k. Té-tôo ê gân-sik piáu-sī siong-tuì ko-tōo, tsit-ê ko-tōo sī uì hué-tsheñ tsuân-kiû thàm-tshik-tsiá ê hué-tsheñ kúi-tō-ki laser tshik-ko-gî lâi-ê sòo-kù. Pe̍h-sik kah tsang-sik tāi-piáu siōng-kuân ê hái-pua̍t (+12 to +8 km); kî-tshù sī hún-âng-sik kah âng-sik (+8 to +3 km); n̂g-sik sī 0 km; tsheñ-sik kah nâ-sik sī kah kē-ê hái-pua̍t ko-tōo (−8 km). Tio̍kking-tōo kah ūi-tō͘; tsú-ì ki̍k-khu.
(   Ua̍h-iāu hué-tsheñ-tshia  Ua̍h-iāu tsiūñ-lio̍k-khì  Bī-lâi )
Beagle 2
Bradbury Landing
Deep Space 2
Columbia Memorial Station
InSight Landing
Mars 2
Mars 3
Mars 6
Mars Polar Lander
Challenger Memorial Station
Mars 2020
Green Valley
Schiaparelli EDM lander
Carl Sagan Memorial Station
Columbia Memorial Station
Tianwen-1
Thomas Mutch Memorial Station
Gerald Soffen Memorial Station
Acheron FossaeAcidalia PlanitiaAlba MonsAmazonis PlanitiaAonia PlanitiaArabia TerraArcadia PlanitiaArgentea PlanumArgyre PlanitiaChryse PlanitiaClaritas FossaeCydonia MensaeDaedalia PlanumElysium MonsElysium PlanitiaGale craterHadriaca PateraHellas MontesHellas PlanitiaHesperia PlanumHolden craterIcaria PlanumIsidis PlanitiaJezero craterLomonosov craterLucus PlanumLycus SulciLyot craterLunae PlanumMalea PlanumMaraldi craterMareotis FossaeMareotis TempeMargaritifer TerraMie craterMilankovič craterNepenthes MensaeNereidum MontesNilosyrtis MensaeNoachis TerraOlympica FossaeOlympus MonsPlanum AustralePromethei TerraProtonilus MensaeSirenumSisyphi PlanumSolis PlanumSyria PlanumTantalus FossaeTempe TerraTerra CimmeriaTerra SabaeaTerra SirenumTharsis MontesTractus CatenaTyrrhen TerraUlysses PateraUranius PateraUtopia PlanitiaValles MarinerisVastitas BorealisXanthe TerraMap of Mars
The image above contains clickable linksHué-tsheñ tsuân-kiû tē-hîng ê kau-hōo-sik iáñ-siòng tē-tôo, tíng-kuân pio-tsì-tio̍h hué-tsheñ tsiūñ-lio̍k-khì kah hué-tsheñ-tshia ê uī-tì. Kah ku̍t-tshí hiân-thîng teh tôo-siōng tíng-kuân, tō ē-sái tshâ-khuàñ 60 guā-ê hué-tsheñ tsú-iàu ê tē-lí bîng-tshing, koh-lâi tshi̍h tôo-siōng tō ē-sái lên-ket-tio̍h tsia-ê hāng-bo̍k. Té-tôo ê gân-sik piáu-sī siong-tuì ko-tōo, tsit-ê ko-tōo sī uì hué-tsheñ tsuân-kiû thàm-tshik-tsiá ê hué-tsheñ kúi-tō-ki laser tshik-ko-gî lâi-ê sòo-kù. Pe̍h-sik kah tsang-sik tāi-piáu siōng-kuân ê hái-pua̍t (+12 to +8 km); kî-tshù sī hún-âng-sik kah âng-sik (+8 to +3 km); n̂g-sik sī 0 km; tsheñ-sik kah nâ-sik sī kah kē-ê hái-pua̍t ko-tōo (−8 km). Tio̍kking-tōo kah ūi-tō͘; tsú-ì ki̍k-khu.
(Tsham-ua̍t: Mars map & Mars Rovers map) (viewdiscuss)
(   Bīng-miâ  Suì-siat  Bī-ti )
Beagle 2
Curiosity
Deep Space 2
InSight
Mars 2
Mars 3
Mars 6
Mars Polar Lander
Opportunity
Pereverance
Phoenix
Schiaparelli EDM lander
Pathfinder
Spirit
Viking 1
Viking 2


Tsù-kái[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 "Ingenuity Mars Helicopter Landing Press Kit" (PDF). NASA. January 2021. goân-loē-iông (PDF) tī 18 February 2021 hőng khó͘-pih. 14 February 2021 khòaⁿ--ê.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. Clarke, Stephen (14 May 2018). "Helicopter to accompany NASA's next Mars rover to Red Planet". Spaceflight Now. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Mars Helicopter Fact Sheet" (PDF). NASA. February 2020. goân-loē-iông (PDF) tī 22 March 2020 hőng khó͘-pih. 2 May 2020 khòaⁿ--ê.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. Ín-iōng chhò-gō͘: 無效的<ref>標籤;name屬性“fact sheet”使用不同內容定義了多次
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Mars Helicopter". mars.nasa.gov. NASA. goân-loē-iông tī 16 April 2020 hőng khó͘-pih. 2 May 2020 khòaⁿ--ê.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  5. "NASA"毅力"号核动力火星车发射成功,还携带了一架直升机!_科技_腾讯网". tech.qq.com. 2020-08-11 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  6. sina_mobile (2020-07-30). "NASA"毅力"号核动力火星车发射升空,还带了一架直升机". tech.sina.cn. 2020-08-11 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  7. Hautaluoma, Grey; Johnson, Alana; Agle, D.C. (2020-04-29). "Alabama High School Student Names NASA's Mars Helicopter". NASA. goân-loē-iông tī 2020-04-30 hőng khó͘-pih. 2020-04-29 khòaⁿ--ê.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Mars Helicopter Scout. video presentation at Caltech This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  9. Leone, Dan (2015-11-19). "Elachi Touts Helicopter Scout for Mars Sample-Caching Rover". 2015-11-20 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  10. Agle, DC; Hautaluoma, Gray; Johnson, Alana (2020-06-23). "How NASA's Mars Helicopter Will Reach the Red Planet's Surface". NASA. 2020-06-23 khòaⁿ--ê.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  11. Mars Helicopter Technology Demonstrator Archived 2019-04-01 at the Wayback Machine.. (PDF) J. (Bob) Balaram, Timothy Canham, Courtney Duncan, Matt Golombek, Håvard Fjær Grip, Wayne Johnson, Justin Maki, Amelia Quon, Ryan Stern, and David Zhu. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), SciTech Forum Conference; January 8–12, 2018, Kissimmee, Florida. doi:10.2514/6.2018-0023 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  12. "First Flight on Another Planet! - YouTube". www.youtube.com. 2020-08-05 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 Mars Helicopter Technology Demonstrator Archived 1 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine. J. (Bob) Balaram, Timothy Canham, Courtney Duncan, Matt Golombek, Håvard Fjær Grip, Wayne Johnson, Justin Maki, Amelia Quon, Ryan Stern, and David Zhu. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), SciTech Forum Conference; 8–12 January 2018, Kissimmee, Florida doi:10.2514/6.2018-0023 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Ín-iōng chhò-gō͘: Bû-hāu ê <ref> tag; chhōe bô chí-miâ ê ref bûn-jī Witold 2018
  15. Ín-iōng chhò-gō͘: Bû-hāu ê <ref> tag; chhōe bô chí-miâ ê ref bûn-jī veritasium20190810
  16. "NASA to Attempt First Controlled Flight on Mars As Soon As Monday". 
  17. "Mars helicopter's first flight could happen on Monday". CNN. Ingenuity could fly four days after the first flight, then three days after the second flight and so on. 

Tsham-khó bûn-hèn[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  • et al. (8-12 janvier 2018) « Mars Helicopter Technology Demonstrator [archive] » (pdf) dans 2018 AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference : 18 p.. — Caractéristiques techniques détaillées, description des études et des tests effectués. (Eng-gí)
  • NASA, Ingenuity Mars Helicopter landing press kit, NASA[1], janvier 2021, 33 p. — Dossier de presse de la NASA sur l'hélicoptère Ingenuity. (Eng-gí)
  • Andrew J. Ball, James R.C. Garry, Ralph D. Lorenz et Viktor V. Kerzhanovichl, Planetary Landers and entry Probes, Cambridge University Press, 2007 (ISBN 978-0-521-12958-9) (Eng-gí)
  • Withrow-Maser Shannah, Koning, Witold, Kuang, Winnie, Johnson, Wayne R et al., « Recent Efforts Enabling Martian Rotorcraft Missions [2], Papier de conférence,‎ janvier 2020, p. 1-10)( Feasibility study of a second generation Martian helicopter (1st generation Ingenuity) (Hoat-gí)

Tsham-ua̍t[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Guā-pōo lên-ket[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

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