Kurd-gí

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Kurd-gú
Kurdî / کوردی
Kurdish Language.svg
Goân-chū kok-ka Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Armenia, Azerbaijan
Sú-iōng tē-khu Kurdistan, Anatolia, Caucasus, Khorasan, Kurdish diaspora
Bîn-cho̍k Kurds
bú-gí sú-iōng-chiá c. 20–30 million (2000–2010 est.)[1]
Gí-hē
Piau-chún-im
Hong-giân
Bûn-jī hē-thóng Hawar alphabet (Latin script; used mostly in Turkey and Syria)
Sorani alphabet
(Perso-Arabic script; used mostly in Iraq and Iran)
Cyrillic alphabet (former Soviet Union)
Armenian alphabet (1921-29 in Soviet Armenia)[4][5][6]
Koaⁿ-hong tē-ūi
Koaⁿ-hong gí-giân

 Iraq[7][lower-alpha 1]

Pang-bô͘:Country data Rojava[9][10]
Sêng-jīn ê
chió-sò͘ gí-giân
Gí-giân tāi-bé
ISO 639-1 ku
ISO 639-2 kur
ISO 639-3 kurpau-hâm tāi-bé
Pau-hâm tāi-bé:
kmr – Northern Kurdish
ckb – Central Kurdish
sdh – Southern Kurdish
lki – Laki Kurdish
Glottolog kurd1259
Linguasphere 58-AAA-a (North Kurdish incl. Kurmanji & Kurmanjiki) + 58-AAA-b (Central Kurdish incl. Dimli/Zaza & Gurani) + 58-AAA-c (South Kurdish incl. Kurdi)
Kurdish languages map.svg
Geographic distribution of Kurdish dialects and other Iranian languages spoken by Kurds
Che bûn-chiong pau-hâm IPA hû-hō. Nā-sī bô siong-koan ê jī-hêng chi-oān, lí khó-lêng ē khoàⁿ tio̍h būn-hō, hng-kheng ia̍h-sī khî-thaⁿ hû-hō, bô-hoat-tō͘ chèng-siông hián-sī Unicode jī-goân. Chhiáⁿ lí khoàⁿ Help:IPA.

Kurd-gí (کوردی, Kurdî) sī chi̍t lūi Iran Gí-kûn ê giân-gí, liû-thong tī A-chiu se-pō͘, chú-iàu ê sú-iōng-chiá sī Kurd lâng. Pún giân-gí ē-tàng hun saⁿ khoán hong-giân, pau-koat Pak-pō͘ Kurd-gí (Kurmanji), Tiong-pō͘ Kurd-gí (Sorani) kap Lâm-pō͘ Kurd-gí (Pehlewani); tōa-hūn ê Kurd lâng kóng--ê sī Kurmanji khiuⁿ-kháu.

Tsù-sik[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  1. Official at state level

Tsù-kái[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  1. SIL Ethnologue gives estimates, broken down by dialect group, totalling 31 million, but with the caveat of "Very provisional figures for Northern Kurdish speaker population". Ethnologue estimates for dialect groups: Northern: 20.2M (undated; 15M in Turkey for 2009), Central: 6.75M (2009), Southern: 3M (2000), Laki: 1M (2000). The Swedish Nationalencyklopedin listed Kurdish in its "Världens 100 största språk 2007" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007), citing an estimate of 20.6 million native speakers.
  2. Hassanpour, Amir (1992). Nationalism and language in Kurdistan, 1918-1985. San Francisco: Mellen Research University Press. ISBN 9780773498167. 
  3. "Atlas of the Languages of Iran A working classification". Languages of Iran. 25 May 2019 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  4. MacCagg, William O.; Silver, Brian D., pian. (1979). Soviet Asian Ethnic Frontiers. Pergamon Press. p. 94. ISBN 9780080246376. Since the most active Soviet Kurdish center has been and continues to be Yerevan, the first alphabet used for publishing Kurdish in the USSR was the Armenian alphabet. 
  5. Курдский язык (ēng Lō͘-se-a-gí). Krugosvet. ...в Армении на основе русского алфавита с 1946 (с 1921 на основе армянской графики, с 1929 на основе латиницы). 
  6. Khamoyan, M. (1986). "Քրդերեն [Kurdish language]". Soviet Armenian Encyclopedia Volume 12 (ēng Armenia-gí). p. 492. ...գրկ. լույս է տեսնում 1921-ից հայկ., 1929-ից՝ լատ., 1946-ից՝ ռուս. այբուբենով... 
  7. "Iraq's Constitution of 2005" (PDF). p. 4. 14 April 2019 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  8. "Kurdistan: Constitution of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region". 14 April 2019 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  9. "Social Contract - Sa-Nes". Self-Administration of North & East Syria Representation in Benelux. goân-loē-iông tī 9 December 2018 hőng khó͘-pih. 22 March 2019 khòaⁿ--ê.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  10. "Rojava could be a model for all Syria". Salih Muslim. Nationalita. 29 July 2014. 22 March 2019 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  11. Pavlenko, Aneta (2008). Multilingualism in post-Soviet countries. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters. pp. 18–22. ISBN 978-1-84769-087-6. 

Guā-pōo liân-kiat[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

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Wikimedia Commons téng ê siong-koan tóng-àn: Kurdish language

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Wikipedia ū Sorani Kurdish ê pán-pún.