Tan-jī

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Tan-jī (Eng-gí: word), he̍k-chiá kóng ōe (話), (字) iā (詞), iā sī kóng tan-sû (單詞), tan-gí (單語), sī gí-giân piáu-tat ì-sù he̍k-chiá gí-giân ūn-iōng ê chòe sió tan-goân. Phì-jû "Pe̍h-ōe-jī" to̍h sī chi̍t-ê tan-jī. Sui-bóng sī ì-sù tan-goân, chit tōaⁿ ōe sī-m̄-sī sǹg chò "chi̍t ê tang-jī", mā siū su-siá hē-thóng ê éng-hióng.

Tān-jī ê cho͘-sêng[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Nā sī í kháu-gí hoat-siaⁿ ê kak-tō͘ lâi kóng, tan-jī sī siaⁿ-im ê tan-goân im-sò͘ cho͘-sêng--ê; nā sī í su-siá ê kak-tō͘ lâi kóng, sī su-kì-sò͘ tan-goân (pí-lūn Pe̍h-ōe-jī ê kò-pia̍t jī-bó) cho͘-sêng--ê.

Tān-jī ū kúi chióng jīn-tēng ê lí-lō͘, kî-tiong pau-koat im-ūn-lūn (phonology), chiàⁿ-jī-hoat, bûn-hoat, he̍k-chiá sī ì-bī-lūn téng hong-bīn ê lí-kái. Tī giân-gí-ha̍k siōng, tan-jī thang lí-kái chò gí-lūi-lūn tan-goân, he̍k-chiá kóng gí-lūi-sò͘ (lexeme), sī tô͘-ōe kap ho͘-im ê cho͘-ha̍p, in keng-kòe ì-bī-lūn siōng ê ì-sù, hêng-sêng in tī bûn-hoat tang-tiong ê me̍h-lo̍k.[1]

Tan-jī ê chok-iōng[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Chē-ê tan-jī ē-tàng sio keh pai-lia̍t chhut phiàn-gí (phrase), chú-kù (clause) kap bûn-kù (sentence).

Chham-chiàu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. R.R.K.Hartmann & Gregory James (1998). "word". Dictionary of Lexicography. Routledge. ISBN 0-203-01768-4. 

Siong-koan[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  • Hêng-sò͘ (morpheme), ē-sài ēng-lâi sán-seng ì-sù ê chòe sió tan-ūi, pún-sin bô it-tēng ū chi̍t-ê goân-chéng ì-sù.