Giàn-phiah

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Giàn-phiah (Eng-gí: addiction), he̍k-chiá giàn, kî-tha ê kóng-hoat ū tiòng-to̍k, tiâu--leh téng khoán, sī chi̍t khoán ūi kiû-chhú kiam lī-ēng io̍h-bu̍t kap kî-tha bu̍t-chit lâi kòe ê seng-oa̍h hong-sek. Giàn-phiah tùi hêng-ûi-chiá ū kiông-pek-sèng, jî-chhiá iû-kî nā sī sin-thé-sèng io̍h-bu̍t óa-lōa (drug dependence), sī khùn-lân hoán-khòng--ê.

Chham-khó[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  • Amaranth Illuminare & Deborah S. Romaine, pian. (2007). "addiction". The Facts On File Encyclopedia of Health and Medicine. Volume 4. Facts On File. ISBN 0-8160-6063-0.