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Lō͘-se-a Liân-pang chú-thé (Lō͘-se-a-gí: субъекты Российской Федерации), kán-chheng liân-pang chú-thé (субъекты федерации), sī Lō͘-se-a ê cho͘-sêng si̍t-thé, sī Lō͘-se-a Hiàn-hoat kui-tēng ê tē-it kip chèng-tī hun-khu.

Lūi-pia̍t[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Federal subjects of Russia.

Ta̍k-ê liân-pang chú-thé lóng sio̍k tī ē-kha kúi-nā chióng lūi-pia̍t:

Lūi-pia̍t Biâu-su̍t
  46 ê chiu
The most common type of federal subject with a governor and locally elected legislature. Commonly named after their administrative centres.
  22 ê kiōng-hô-kok
Nominally autonomous,[1][2] each has its own constitution and legislature; is represented by the federal government in international affairs; is meant to be home to a specific ethnic minority.
  9 ê pian-kiong-khu
Essentially the same as oblasts. The title "krai" ("frontier" or "territory") is historic, related to geographic (frontier) position in a certain period of history. The current krais are not related to frontiers.
  4 ê chū-tī-khu
With a substantial or predominant ethnic minority.
  3 ê liân-pang-chhī
Major cities that function as separate regions.
  1 ê chū-tī-chiu
Chí ū Iû-thài Chū-tī-chiu chi̍t ê chū-tī-chiu

Chham-khó[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. Publications, E. (2012). The Territories of the Russian Federation 2012. Taylor & Francis. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-135-09584-0. 2019-10-06 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  2. Saunders, R.A. (2019). Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. Historical Dictionaries of Europe. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 232. ISBN 978-1-5381-2048-4. 2019-10-06 khòaⁿ--ê.