Pà-ông-liông

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Thiàu khì: Se̍h chāmchhiau-chhoē
?Pà-ông-liông
Tyrannosaurus rex
Pó-io̍k chōng-hóng
 Hòa-chio̍h
Hoà-chio̍h hoān-ûi
6850 – 6550 bān nî-chêng (Cretaceous-kî bóe-kî)
Seng-bu̍t-ha̍k hun-lūi
Kài: Animalia
Mn̂g: Chordata
Kong: Sauropsida
Chhiau-kho: Tyrannosauroidea
Kho: Tyrannosauridae
A-kho: Tyrannosaurinae
Sio̍k: Tyrannosaurus
Osborn, 1905
Chéng
  • Tyrannosaurus rex (type)
    Osborn, 1905
Tông-gī-miâ

Pà-ông-liông ia̍h pauh-liông, Latin-miâ hō chò Tyrannosaurus, sī chi̍t khóan siù-kha-lūi (Theropoda) ê khióng-liông, tāi-piáu bu̍t-chéngTyrannosaurus rex, sī thong-sè-kài siāng chai-miâ ê khióng-liông chi it.

Pà-ông-liông seng-chûn tī Cretaceous sî-kî, iōng nn̄g-ki kha khiā-li̍p, sī bah-si̍t-sèng ê tōng-bu̍t. Thé-tn̂g siāng-tn̂g ū 13 kong-chhioh,[1] kôan-tō͘ ū 4 kong-chhioh[2] Thé-tāng ū kàu 6.8 kong-tùn.[3]

Chhùn-chhioh[siu-kái]

Pà-ông-liông chham jîn-lūi ê chhùn-chhioh pí-kàu.

Pà-ông-liông ê ôan-chéng hòa-chio̍h lāi-bīn, siāng-tōa ê chi̍t-sian sī Field Chū-jiân-sú Phok-bu̍t-kóan siu-chông ê "Sue", thé-tn̂g 12.8 kong-chhioh, kôan-tō͘ 4 kong-chhioh.[2] Thé-tāng ê kó͘-sǹg siāng-tāng chhiau-kòe 7.2 kong-tùn,[4] siāng-khin iàu-bô 4.5 kong-tùn.[5][6] Sin kó͘-sǹg ê thé-tāng tāi-iok 5.4 kàu 6.8 kong-tùn chi-kan.[7][8][9][3] Pà-ông-liông ê thâu chham bóe chin tōa, in ê thâu-kut siāng-tn̂g ū 5 kong-chhioh.[10]

Chu-sè[siu-kái]

Chá-kî tùi pà-ông-liông chu-sè ê siūⁿ-hoat.

Chi̍t-khai-sí, choan-ka hāi-kiò pà-ông-liông sī iōng nn̂g-ki kha khiā-li̍p, koh iōng bóe-á lâi chòe tē-saⁿ-ê chi-thiāu. Chi̍t-chióng koan-liām tùi 19 sè-kí khai-sí, it-ti̍t-kàu 1992 nî khah hō͘ thui-hoan.[11] Hiān-sî pà-ông-liông ê chu-sè sī nn̂g kha khiā-li̍p, bóe-á chham thâu-khak têng-hiān chúi-pêng ê ti̍t-sòaⁿ, án-ne khah khiā ē chāi.

Chham-khó bûn-hiàn[siu-kái]

  1. Brochu, Christopher A. (2003). Osteology of Tyrannosaurus Rex: Insights from a Nearly Complete Skeleton and High-resolution Computed Tomographic Analysis of the Skull. Northbrook, Illinois: Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. OCLC 51651461. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Sue's vital statistics. Sue at the Field Museum. Field Museum of Natural History. Tī 2007-09-15 khoàⁿ--ê.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Erickson, Gregory M.; Makovicky, Peter J.; Currie, Philip J.; Norell, Mark A.; Yerby, Scott A.; & Brochu, Christopher A. (2004). "Gigantism and comparative life-history parameters of tyrannosaurid dinosaurs". Nature 430 (7001): 772–775. doi:10.1038/nature02699. 
  4. Henderson DM (1999). "Estimating the masses and centers of mass of extinct animals by 3-D mathematical slicing". Paleobiology 25 (1): 88–106. 
  5. Anderson, JF; Hall-Martin AJ Russell DA (1985). "Long bone circumference and weight in mammals, birds and dinosaurs". Journal of Zoology 207 (1): 53–61. 
  6. Bakker, Robert T. (1986). The Dinosaur Heresies. New York: Kensington Publishing. ISBN 0-688-04287-2. OCLC 13699558. 
  7. Farlow, JO; Smith MB, Robinson JM (1995). "Body mass, bone "strength indicator", and cursorial potential of Tyrannosaurus rex". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 15 (4): 713–725. 
  8. Seebacher, Frank. (2001). "A new method to calculate allometric length-mass relationships of dinosaurs". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 21 (1): 51–60. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2001)021[0051:ANMTCA]2.0.CO;2. 
  9. Christiansen, Per; & Fariña, Richard A. (2004). "Mass prediction in theropod dinosaurs". Historical Biology 16 (2-4): 85–92. doi:10.1080/08912960412331284313. 
  10. Museum unveils world's largest T-rex skull. Montana State University (2006-04-07). Tī 2008-09-13 khoàⁿ--ê.
  11. Tyrannosaurus. American Museum of Natural History. Tī 2008-10-16 khoàⁿ--ê.

Bāng-téng liân-kiat[siu-kái]

Wikimedia Commons ū koan-hē Tyrannosaurus ê to-mûi-thé tóng-àn.

Wikispecies
Wikispecies ū koan-hē
Pà-ông-liông ê chu-liāu.