Baden-Württemberg

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Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg ê kî-á
Kî-á
Baden-Württemberg ê hui-kì
Hui-kì
ê uī-tì
Keng-hūi-tō͘: 48°32′16″N 9°2′28″E / 48.53778°N 9.04111°E / 48.53778; 9.04111
Kok-ka Tek-kok
Sêng-li̍p sî-kan 1952 nî 4 goe̍h 25[1]
Siú-hú Stuttgart
Chèng-hú
 - Chiu-chóng-lí Winfried Kretschmann (Le̍k-tóng)
 - Chip-chèng-tóng Greens / CDU
 - Liân-pang Phêng-gī-hōe se̍k-chhù 6 (lóng-chóng 69 se̍k)
 - Liân-pang Gī-hōe se̍k-chhù 102 (lóng-chóng 736 se̍k)
Bīn-chek [2]
 - Chóng-kiōng 35,751.46 km2
Jîn-kháu (2020-09-30)[3]
 - Chóng-kiōng 11,111,496 · 3rd lâng
 - Bi̍t-tō͘ 311/km2
Sî-khu CET (UTC+1)
 - Jo̍at--lâng CEST (UTC+2)
GRP (bêng-gī) €5240 e̍k (2019)[4] · 3rd
Jîn-kin GRP €47,000 (2019) · Tē 4
NUTS Khu DE1
HDI (2018) 0.961 (2019)[5]
very high · 3rd
Bāng-chām baden-wuerttemberg.de

Baden-WürttembergTek-kok se-lâm-pō͘ ê chi̍t-ê liân-pang-chiu, siú-hú sī Stuttgart, jîn-kháu tāi-iok ū 1110 bān lâng, sī Tek-kok tē 3 tōa--ê. Baden-Württemberg chú-iàu ê siâⁿ-chhī ū Freiburg, Heidelberg, Heilbronn, Pforzheim, Reutlingen, Tübingen, kap Ulm.

Le̍k-sú siōng, Baden-Württemberg sī iû Baden, Phó͘-ló͘-se ê Hohenzollern, kap Württemberg che saⁿ ê tē-hng cho͘-sêng--ê. 1952 nî 4 goe̍h, Sai-tekSòng ê Württemberg-Baden, Lâm Baden, kap Württemberg-Hohenzollern saⁿ ê chiu ha̍p-pèng chò Baden-Württemberg. Che 3 ê chiu sī Jī-chiàn liáu-āu Tông-bêng-kok àn-chiàu in ê chiàm-niá-khu tùi thoân-thóng-siōng ê Baden kap Württemberg chhòng-siat--chhut-lâi--ê.

Baden-Württemberg ê keng-chè chin hó, khah chhut-miâ ê sán-gia̍p ū khì-chhia chè-chō, tiān-ki kang-têng, ki-hāi kang-têng kap ho̍k-bū-gia̍p téng-téng. I ê khu-he̍k chóng seng-sán (GRP) tī Tek-kok pâi tē 3 miâ. Tek-kok ū bē-chió tōa kong-si ê chóng-pō͘ siat tī Baden-Württemberg, pau-hâm Bián-juh chi̍p-thoân, Schwarz chi̍p-thoân, Porsche, Bosch and SAP.

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Kong-goân 100 nî, Lô-má Tè-kok ji̍p-chhim Württemberg, tī i ê pak-hong kiong-kài khí chi̍t tó͘ limes. Kong-goân 3 sè-kí, Alemanni lâng ap-pek Lô-má-lâng, hō͘ in thòe-siú kàu Rhein Hô kah Donau Hô sai-pêng. Kong-goân 496 nî, Cloves 1-sè sut-léng Frank lâng phah-pāi Alemanni lâng.

Āu-lâi Sîn-sèng Lô-má Tè-kok kiàn-li̍p. Tòa tiám chit-tah ê ki-bîn lóng sī sìn Lô-má Thian-chú-kàu, it-ti̍t kàu Chong-kàu Kái-kek khai-sí éng-hióng tio̍h Tek-kok pak-pō͘ liáu-āu mā sī án-ne.

Jî-chhú tāi-chiàn kiat-sok āu, Tông-bêng-kok tī hiān-chhú-sî ê Baden-Württemberg tē-khu kiàn-li̍p 3 ê chiu: Württemberg-Hohenzollern, Baden, kah Württemberg-Baden. Baden kah Württemberg-Hohenzollern sī hō͘ Hoat-kok chiàm-niá, ah Württemberg-Baden sī hō͘ Bí-kok chiàm-niá. 1949 nî, che 3--ê lóng sī To̍k-it Liân-pang Kiōng-hô-kok ê chhòng-sí sêng-oân-kok, Tek-kok Hiàn-hoat tē 118 tiâu ū kui-tēng ka-bêng ê têng-sū. 1951 nî 12 goe̍h chhe-9 日,Württemberg-Hohenzollern, Baden, kah Württemberg-Baden thong-kòe kong-tâu, tông-ì ha̍p-pèng. 1952 nî 4 goe̍h 25, Baden-Württemberg chèng-sek chiâⁿ-chò Sai-tek ê chi̍t ê chiu.

Tē-lí[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Chèng-hú[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Hêng-chèng-khu[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Baden-Württemberg ū hun 35 ê kūn (Tek-gí: Landkreis) kap 9 ê to̍k-li̍p siâⁿ-chhī (Tek-gí: Stadtkreis), chit nn̄g chióng lóng sio̍k-tī Freiburg, Karlsruhe, Stuttgart, kah Tübingen 4 ê hêng-chèng koán-khu (Tek-gí: Regierungsbezirk) chi-hā.

Stuttgart chhī-lāi ê Schlossplatz
Freiburg, Freiburg Minster
Ulm kah chin chhut-miâ ê Ulm minster, i sī sè-kài siōng koân ê kàu-tn̂g


Cities and Districts in Baden-Wuerttemberg.svg

Tē-tô͘

  1. Alb-Donau-Kreis
  2. Biberach
  3. Bodenseekreis
  4. Böblingen
  5. Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
  6. Calw
  7. Konstanz
  8. Emmendingen
  9. Enzkreis
  10. Esslingen
  11. Freudenstadt
  12. Göppingen
  13. Heidenheim
  14. Heilbronn
  15. Hohenlohe
  16. Karlsruhe
  17. Lörrach
  18. Ludwigsburg
  1. Main-Tauber
  2. Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis
  3. Ortenaukreis
  4. Ostalbkreis
  5. Rastatt
  6. Ravensburg
  7. Rems-Murr-Kreis
  8. Reutlingen
  9. Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
  10. Rottweil
  11. Schwäbisch Hall
  12. Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis
  13. Sigmaringen
  14. Tübingen
  15. Tuttlingen
  16. Waldshut
  17. Zollernalbkreis

Chòe-kīn soán-kí kiat-kó[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Siông-sè chhiáⁿ khoàⁿ: 2021 Baden-Württemberg state election
2021 Baden-Württemberg state election - composition chart.svg
Chèng-tóng Tit-phiò % Khí-lo̍h Se̍k-chhù +/–
Tē-1 Tē-2 Kiōng
Liân-bêng 90/Le̍k Tóng (GRÜNE) 1,586,192 32.6 Increase 2.3 58 0 58 Increase 11
Ki-tok-kàu Bîn-chú Liân-bêng (CDU) 1,168,975 24.1 Decrease 2.9 12 30 42 Steady 0
Siā-hōe-bîn-chú Tóng (SPD) 535,489 11.0 Decrease 1.7 0 19 19 Steady 0
Chū-iû Bīn-chú Tóng (FDP) 508,429 10.5 Increase 2.2 0 18 18 Increase 6
Thè-ōaⁿ ūi Tek-kok (AfD) 473,485 9.7 Decrease 5.4 0 17 17 Decrease 6
Chó-e̍-tóng (LINKE) 173,317 3.6 Increase 0.7 0 0 0 Steady 0
Chū-iû Soán-bîn (FW) 146,259 3.0 Increase 2.9 0 0 0 Steady 0
Die PARTEI 59,463 1.2 Increase 0.9 0 0 0 Steady 0
Tek-kok Ki-chân Bīn-chú Tóng 48,497 1.0 Sin--ê 0 0 0 Sin--ê
Climate List Baden-Württemberg 42,685 0.9 Sin--ê 0 0 0 Sin--ê
WiR2020 41,128 0.8 Sin--ê 0 0 0 Sin--ê
Keng-chè Bīn-chú Tóng (ÖDP) 37,819 0.8 Increase 0.1 0 0 0 Steady 0
Volt Germany 22,782 0.5 Sin--ê 0 0 0 Sin--ê
Alliance C – Christians for Germany 4,081 0.1 Increase 0.1 0 0 0 Steady 0
Pirate Party Germany 2,878 0.1 Decrease 0.3 0 0 0 Steady 0
Democracy in Motion 1,005 0.0 Sin--ê 0 0 0 Sin--ê
Party of Humanists 976 0.0 Sin--ê 0 0 0 Sin--ê
Humane World 975 0.0 Increase 0.0 0 0 0 Steady 0
Party for Health Research 468 0.0 Sin--ê 0 0 0 Sin--ê
One for All – Party 178 0.0 Sin--ê 0 0 0 Sin--ê
German Communist Party 107 0.0 Decrease 0.0 0 0 0 Steady 0
Independents 4,463 0.1 Increase 0.1 0 0 Steady 0
Chóng-kiōng 4,859,651 100.0 70 84 154 Increase 11
Bô-hāu phiò 34,849 0.7
Soán-kī-jîn/Tâu-phiò-lu̍t 7,671,039 63.8 Decrease 6.6
Lâi-goân: State Returning Officer

Keng-chè[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Kau-thong[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Kong-lō͘[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  • A 5 (ùi Basel keng Karlsruhe kàu Weinheim, koh ē kàu Frankfurt am Main
  • A 81 (ùi Singen am Hohentwiel keng Stuttgart koh ē kàu Würzburg).
  • A 7 (Ulm — Ellwangen)
  • A 6 (von Saarbrücken kommend über Mannheim und Heilbronn nach Crailsheim und weiter Richtung Nürnberg)
  • A 8 (von Karlsruhe über Stuttgart nach Ulm und weiter Richtung München)

Thih-lō͘[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

DB Netz AG tī Baden-Württemberg ê thih-lō͘ lō͘-bāng ū 3,400 kong-lí tn̂g, ta̍k-kang ē cháu 6,500 pang chhia.

Hâng-ūn[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Rhein Hô kàu Basel ûi-chí, Neckar Hô kàu Plochingen ûi-chí, lóng sī liân-pang chúi-lō͘ (Tek-gí: Bundeswasserstraßen). Neckar Hô kah Rhein Hô ê kap-káng sī Mannheim Káng, i mā sī Au-chiu lāi-lio̍k chi̍t ê tiōng-iàu ê hô-káng. Kî-thaⁿ ê tōa-káng koh ū Karlsruhe Káng (Au-chiu lāi-lio̍k siōng tōa ê chio̍h-iû káng), Heilbronn Káng, kah Kehl Káng.

Khong-ūn[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Baden-Württemberg ū 4 ê bîn-iōng ki-tiûⁿ.

Ki-tiûⁿ IATA hoan-hō Keng-hūi-tō͘ Chù
Stuttgart Ki-tiûⁿ STR 48°41′24″N 9°13′19″E / 48.69000°N 9.22194°E / 48.69000; 9.22194 Tek-kok tē-6 tōa ki-tiûⁿ
Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden Ki-tiûⁿ FKB 48°46′46″N 8°04′50″E / 48.77944°N 8.08056°E / 48.77944; 8.08056 (Baden Airpark)
Friedrichshafen Ki-tiûⁿ FDH 47°40′17″N 9°30′41″E / 47.67139°N 9.51139°E / 47.67139; 9.51139

Bûn-hòa[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Gí-giân[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Thong-hêng gí-giân sī piau-chún Tek-gí, pún-thó͘ ê hong-giân ū Alemann-gí, che pau-hâm Schwäbisch, Niederalemannisch, Hochalemannisch).

Baden-Württemburg hù-kīn ê hong-giân tē-tô͘. Chhíⁿ-sek--ê sī Schwäbisch.

Kàu-io̍k[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Baden-Württemberg ū chi̍t-kóa Tek-kok le̍k-sú siōng kú, miâ-siaⁿ siōng hó ê tāi-ha̍k, phì-lūn-kóng Heidelberg Tāi-ha̍k (1386 nî chhòng-hāu, sī hiān-tāi Tek-kok kèng-lāi siōng lāu--ê), Freiburg Tāi-ha̍k (1457 nî) kah Tübingen Tāi-ha̍k (1477 nî). Tek-kok 11 keng “iu-siù tāi-ha̍k” tang-tiong, Baden-Württemberg tō ū 3 keng (Heidelberg, Tübingen kah Konstanz, í-chêng ū Freiburg kah Karlsruhe).

  1. "25. April 1952 – Die Entstehung des Landes Baden-Württemberg". goân-loē-iông tī 2015-04-07 hőng khó͘-pih. 21 August 2022 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  2. "The State and its people". Baden-Württemberg. 18 December 2016 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  3. "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2017". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (ēng Tek-gí). 2018. 
  4. Baden-Württemberg, Statistisches Landesamt. "Bruttoinlandsprodukt – in jeweiligen Preisen – in Deutschland 1991 bis 2019 nach Bundesländern (WZ 2008) – VGR dL". www.vgrdl.de. goân-loē-iông tī 25 June 2020 hőng khó͘-pih. 23 June 2020 khòaⁿ--ê.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  5. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org (ēng Eng-gí). 2018-09-13 khòaⁿ--ê.