Qubit

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Qubit, mā thang kóng liōng-chú bit (eng. quantum bit), sī liōng-chú tiān-sǹg (quantum computing) lāi-bīn tùi liōng-chú chu-sìn ê tan-ūi hō-miâ.

Tī kó͘-tián ê bit koan-liām, chi̍t-ê bit thang chûn-chāi tī chi̍t khoán chōng-thài he̍k-chiá sī lēng-gōa chi̍t khoán; nā tī liōng-chú le̍k-ha̍k koan-liām ē-té ê qubit, sī thang í siang pêng chōng-thài ê têng-tha̍h (superposition) thài chûn-chāi.[1]

Tsù-kái[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  1. Nielsen, Michael A.; Chuang, Isaac L. (2010). Quantum Computation and Quantum Information. Cambridge University Press. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-107-00217-3. 

Iân-sin oa̍t-tho̍k[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  • A good introduction to the topic is Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by Nielsen and Chuang.
  • An excellent treatment of two-level quantum systems, decades before the term “qubit” was coined, is found in the third volume of The Feynman Lectures on Physics (2013 ebook edition), in chapters 9-11.
  • A non-traditional motivation of the qubit aimed at non-physicists is found in Quantum Computing Since Democritus, by Scott Aaronson, Cambridge University Press (2013).
  • A good introduction to qubits for non-specialists, by the person who coined the word, is found in Lecture 21 of ‘‘The science of information: from language to black holes’’, by Professor Benjamin Schumacher, The Great Courses, The Teaching Company (4DVDs, 2015).
  • A picture-book introduction to entanglement, contrasting classical systems and a Bell state, is found in “Quantum entanglement for babies“, by Chris Ferrie (2017).