Rosalind Franklin

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Rosalind Elsie Franklin (1920 nî 7 go̍eh 25 ji̍t - 1958 nî 4 go̍eh 16 ji̍t) sī Eng-kok ê seng-bu̍t-bu̍t-lí-ha̍k-ka kap X-ray cheng-thé-ha̍k-ka (crystallographer), chú-iàu ê gián-kiù sī DNA, pēⁿ-to̍k, mûi-thoàⁿ (coal) kap chio̍h-ba̍k (graphite) ê kò͘-chō.

Franklin tùi DNA só͘ hip ê X-ray diffraction siōng kap gián-kiù hun-sek, sī Francis Crick kap James D. Watson1953 nî kái chhut DNA kò͘-chō ê koan-kiàn[1] kap chèng-kù[2]. Franklin mā-sī tobacco mosaic virus kap polio virus ê chá-kî gián-kiù-chiá.

Franklin chhut-sì kap kòe-sin tī Eng-kok London.

Chhut-sin[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Franklin sī 1920 nî 7 goe̍h 25 ùi Lûn-tun ê Notting Hill chhut-sì--ê; sī Iû-thài ka-têng chhut-sin. I-ê lāu-pē Ellis Arthur Franklin sī gîn-hâng-ka; lāu-bú hō chò Muriel Frances Waley. Franklin só͘-sio̍k ê ka-hē sī 1763 nî tùi Silesia ê Breslau kòe Eng-lân--ê, in goân sèⁿ Fraenkel, āu-bé chiah kái chò Eng-gí-hòa ê Franklin.[3]

1932 nî 1 goe̍h, Franklind ji̍p Lûn-tun ê Sèng Pó-lô Lú-ha̍k-hāu (St Paul’s Girls’ School) tha̍k tiong-o̍h.[4]

Tā-ha̍k-seng sî-kî[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

1938 nî, Franklin ji̍p Cambridge Tāi-ha̍k ê Newnham Ha̍k-īⁿ, chi̍t keng cha-bó͘ ha̍k-hāu.[4] Hit-tang-chūn Cambridge í-keng siu cha-bó͘ ha̍k-seng, m̄-koh iáu-bōe chiàⁿ-káng chiong in tòng chò phó͘-thong ê tāi-ha̍k-seng. Newnham kap Girton ha̍k-īⁿ ê lú-ha̍k-seng sī hān-chè tī cha-po͘ ê 10 phah-sén í-hā ê pí-le. Tī ha̍k-īⁿ ê sî, Rosalind o̍h liáu pau-koat hòa-ha̍k, bu̍t-lí-ha̍k, sò͘-ha̍k kap khòng-bu̍t-ha̍k téng kho-bo̍k; i lēng-gōa ia̍h siōng chi̍t khoán kà kho-ha̍k Tek-gí ê hòa-ha̍k-khò.[5]

Koan-liân bûn-chiuⁿ[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Chham-chiàu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Su-chì[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  • Maddox, Brenda (2002). Rosalind Franklin. HarperCollins Publisher. ISBN 9780062283504. 

Chù-kha[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. Watson JD, Crick FHC (1953). "A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid". Nature 171: 737–738. Full text PDF
  2. Double Helix: 50 Years of DNA. Nature archives. Nature Publishing Group
  3. Maddox 2002, 1 — Once in Royal David’s City
  4. 4.0 4.1 Maddox 2002, 2 — Once a Paulina
  5. Maddox 2002, 2 — Never Surrender