DNA

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Thiàu khì: se̍h chām, chhiau-chhoē
1 chat DNA hun-chú ê 3-D bô͘-hêng

DNAthoat-sng-hu̍t-thn̂g hu̍t-sng (eng. deoxyribonucleic acid; ì-sù: "kiám sng-sò͘ ê hu̍t-thn̂g cho͘-sêng ê hu̍t-sng") ê Eng-gí kán-lio̍k, chí 1 khoán kì-chài seng-bu̍t ûi-thoân chu-liāu ê he̍k-sng. Só·-ū ê sè-pau seng-bu̍t kap tōa-hūn ê pēⁿ-to̍k lóng khò DNA chí-tō seng-bu̍t hoat-io̍k ê kòe-thêng. DNA hun-chú sī tn̂g-tn̂g 1 tiâu he̍k-kam-sng ko-chū-bu̍t (polymer). He̍k-kam-sng ê sūn-sī keng-kòe ûi-thoân-bé (genetic code) ê kui-chek tùi-èng kàu nn̄g-pe̍h-chit ê an-ki-sng sūn-sī.

Sèng-chit[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

DNA sī kúi khóan he̍k-kam-sng hóan-ho̍k pâi-lia̍t ha̍p-sêng ê chi̍t-khóan tn̂g-liān chū-ha̍p-bu̍t.[1][2] DNA tn̂g-liān ê khoan-tō͘ ū 2.2 kàu 2.6 nano-bí, kî-tiong chi̍t-ê he̍k-kam-sng ê tn̂g-tō͘ ū 0.33 nano-bí.[3] Kui-tiâu DNA chin tn̂g, pí-lūn jîn-lūi ê liám-sek-thé 1 hō ū tāi-iok 220,000,000-ê iâm-ki phòe-tùi (base pair, "iâm-ki" sī he̍k-kam-sng ê chi̍t-pō͘-hūn)[4].

Gián-kiù le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

1953 nî, chē-ê gián-kiú-chiá ê lūn-bûn tī tong-nî 4 goe̍h 25 hō ê Nature kho-ha̍k-chì téng-bīn hoat-piáu. Tāi-seng sī Watson kap Crick--ê; koh lâi sī Wilkins, Stokes kap Wilson; tòe āu sī Franklin kap Gosling--ê.[5]

Chham-khó bo̍k-lio̍k[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  • Olby, Robert (1994). The Path to the Double Helix: The Discovery of DNA. Dover Publications, Inc. ISBN 978-0-486-68117-7. 

Chù-kha[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. Bruce Alberts, Alexander Johnson, Julian Lewis, Martin Raff, Keith Roberts, and Peter Walters (2002). Molecular Biology of the Cell; Fourth Edition. New York and London: Garland Science. ISBN 0-8153-3218-1. OCLC 145080076 48122761 57023651 69932405. 
  2. Butler, John M. (2001). Forensic DNA Typing. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-147951-0. OCLC 223032110 45406517. pp. 14–15.
  3. Mandelkern M, Elias J, Eden D, Crothers D (1981). "The dimensions of DNA in solution". J Mol Biol 152 (1): 153–61. PMID 7338906. doi:10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1. 
  4. Gregory S téng. (2006). "The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1". Nature 441 (7091): 315–21. PMID 16710414. doi:10.1038/nature04727. 
  5. Olby 1994, p. 420