Jihad

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Jihad (A-la-pek-gí: جهاد‎‎ jihād [dʒɪˈhaːd]) sī chi̍t-ê A-la-pek-gí tan-jī, chiàu-jī ê ì-sù sī phah-piàⁿ, iû-kî sī chiam-tùi siū lâng o-ló ê bo̍k-phiau.[1][2][3]

Ùi Islam sìn-gióng ê me̍h-lo̍k ē-té, jihad ū chē khoán ì-sù, pí-lūn kóng tùi-khòng ka-tī siâ-ok ê sim-ì, mā sī kái-chìn siā-hōe tō-tek ê sū-kang. Tī kó͘-tián Islam lu̍t-hoat lāi-bīn, jihad koh thang chí bú-chong tùi-khòng bô-sìn-chiá, ū-ê hiān-tāi-phài Islam ha̍k-chiá sī chiong chit khoán lí-liām ké-soeh chò hông-ūi bú-le̍k.[4][5]

Kīn-taⁿ chit jī mā tiāⁿ hō͘ khióng-pò͘-chú-gī thoân-thé ēng lâi chí in ê hêng-tōng. Tī kun-sū ê tiûⁿ-ha̍p ē-té, Jihad thang hoan-e̍k chò sèng-chiàn.

Chham-chiàu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. John L. Esposito, pian. (2014). "Jihad". The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 
  2. Peters, Rudolph; Cook, David (2014). "Jihād". The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 
  3. Tyan, E. (2012). "D̲j̲ihād". Chū P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Encyclopaedia of Islam (2nd pán.). Brill. 
  4. Wael B. Hallaq (2009). Sharī'a: Theory, Practice, Transformations. Cambridge University Press (Kindle edition). pp. 334–338. 
  5. Peters, Rudolph (2015). Islam and Colonialism: The Doctrine of Jihad in Modern History. DE GRUYTER MOUTON. p. 124 – via De Gruyter.