Kumārajīva

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Kumārajīva
Kumarajiva at Kizil Caves, Kuqa.jpg
Tiong-kok Sin-kiong Kuqa-koān Kizil Tshen-hu̍t-tōng [en] thâu-tsîng ê Kumārajīva sok-siōng [en].
Tshut-sì 344 SL
Kutsi ông-kok (tsit-má Tiong-kok Kuqa-koān)
Kuè-sin 413 SL
Hiō-tsîn Tiông-an (tsit-má Tiong-kok Se-an)
Tsit-gia̍p huê-siūñ [en], ha̍k-tsiá [en], huan-i̍k-tsiá, hām tiat-ha̍k-chiá [en]
Known for Kā tsiâñ-tsē huān-bûn ê hu̍t-king huan-i̍k tsò hàn-bûn, mā-sī Tāi-sîng hu̍t-kàu [en] Sam-lūn tsong [en] ê tshòng-sú-jîn.

Kumārajīva (devanāgarī [en]: कुमारजीव, IAST [en]: Kumārajīva; hàn-gú: 鳩摩羅什 (Jiū-mó-luó-shí); 344-413)[1] lâi-tsū Kutsi (kin-á-ji̍t ê Tiong-kok Sin-kiong Aksu Tē-khu) ê Hu̍t-kàu tsing-jîn [en], tsáu-thiàu teh Tong Chìn Ngó͘-ô͘ Si̍p-lio̍k-kok ê sî-kî, sī hàn-thuân hu̍t-kàu tshut-miâ ê i̍k-su [en]. Kumārajīva mā hông khuàñ-tsò Tiong-kok ê Hu̍t-kàu siōng uí-tāi ê huan-i̍k-tsiá tsi-it. Lio̍k sîng [en] jīm-uî: Kumārajīva ê huan-i̍k "Bô-lūn teh huan-i̍k ê ki-khá siōng, iah-sī teh tiong-si̍t-tōo tíng-kuân; lóng-sī hōo-lâng bē pí-phīng-e̊.[2] Kumārajīva huan-i̍k ê tù-tsok ū Kim-kong king [en], Huat-huâ king [en], Tiong lūn [en], Tuā tì-tōo lūn tíng-tíng king-tén.

Kumārajīva thâu-sing sī o̍h Sarvastivada [en] ê kàu-huat, liáu-āu si-tsiông Buddhasvamin [en] (tsing-jîn); tsuè-āu tsiâñ-tsò tsi̍t-ê tāi-sîng hu̍t-kàu [en] ê sìn-tôo, ha̍k-sip Nagarjuna (Liông-tshiū) tiong-kuan ha̍k-phài [en] ê kàu-gī. Teh tsiáng-ak tiong-bûn liáu-āu, Kumārajīva tsiū tīng-ku tī Tiông-an (tāi-iok kong-guân 401-nî), tsiâñ-tsò tsi̍t-ê huan-i̍k-tsiá hām ha̍k-tsiá.[3] Kumārajīva sī tsi̍t-ê huan-i̍k thuân-tuī ê hū-tsik-jîn, kî-tiong ê huan-i̍k-tsiá hām tsing-jîn pau-kua i-ê tāi-su [en] Sing Uē [en].[4] Tsit-ê huan-i̍k thuân-tuī hū-tsik kā tsiâñ-tsē huān-bûn hu̍t-king huan-i̍k tsò hàn-bûn. Kumārajīva koh-kā hu̍t-kàu tet-ha̍k lāi-té ê tiong-kuan ha̍k-phài [en] ín-ji̍p tiong-kok, āu-lâi hông kiò-tsò Sam-lūn tsong [en].[5]

Tsù-kái[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  1. Pollard 2015, p. 287.
  2. Beeby Lonsdale, Allison; Ensinger, Doris; Presas, Marisa (2000). Investigating Translation: Selected Papers from the 4th International Congress on Translation, Barcelona, 1998, p. 48. John Benjamins Publishing. (Eng-gí)
  3. Rahul, Ram (2000). March of Central Asia, p. 83. Indus Publishing.
  4. Lai, Whalen (1991). "Tao Sheng's Theory of Sudden Enlightenment Re-examined". In Gregory, Peter N. Sudden and Gradual. Approaches to Enlightenment in Chinese Thought. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited. p. 180 (Eng-gí)
  5. Mair, Victor H.; Sanping Chen, Wood, Frances (2013). Chinese Lives: The People Who Made a Civilization, #28, Kumarajiva. Thames & Hudson. (Eng-gí)

Tsham-khó bûn-hiàn[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Tsham-ua̍t[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Guā-pōo lên-ket[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

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