Sù-hong an-choân tùi-ōe
Australia, India, Japan, and the United States are highlighted in blue. Former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe intended for the Quadrilateral to establish an "Asian Arc of Democracy".
2007 (1st time); lasted until 2008|
2017 (re-established after negotiations in November)
|Lūi-hêng||Inter-governmental security forum|
States in the Dialogue:
Quad Plus additional members
Sù-hong An-choân tùi-ōe (Quadrilateral Security Dialogue,QSD, also known as the Quad).
Tsù-kái[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]
- ↑ Dr. John Hemmings. "Should the Quad Become a Formal Alliance?". Official United States Air Force Website.
So, to summarize, we can say clearly that the Quad is not an alliance because it does not rest on a principle of collective defense and its members do not anticipate or expect that.
- ↑ "It's clearer to India than ever that Quad is no military alliance. Everything's a bit AUKUS". The print. 21 September 2021.
|Pún bûn-chiuⁿ sī chi̍t phiⁿ phí-á-kiáⁿ. Lí thang tàu khok-chhiong lâi pang-chō͘ Wikipedia.|