Goā-chheⁿ jîn

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Khik-pán ìn-siōng tiong phú-sik ê guā-tsheⁿ jîn.
Tik tshú ê kòo-sū (竹取物語) lāi-té ê Kagu-ya-hime (輝夜姬) tńg--khì gue̍h-niû. (liōng-kî-iok-å (approximation) teh 1650 nî).

Guā-tsheⁿ jîn (guā-tsheⁿ lâng, ú-tiū jîn, thài-khong pîng-iú; eng-gí: extraterrestrial intelligence (ETI); hàn-gí: 外星人, 宇宙人, 太空朋友), khah-tsá kiò-tsò (title) ú-tiū-jîn (宇宙人), sī jîn-luī tuì tē-kiû í-guā ê tì-huī sèⁿ-miā tsi thóng-tshing (title). Tsū kóo-tsá kàu tsit-má, jîn-luī tuì kî-thaⁿ ê hîng-tsheⁿ kám ū tshûn-tsāi (existence) guā-tsheⁿ-jîn, í-ki̍p guā-tsheⁿ-jîn kap i-ê bûn-bîng sī siáⁿ-mih, it-ti̍t teh ioh, siūⁿ, gián-kiù (research) kap thàm-soh (Discovery (observation)).[1]Tsi̍t-kuá lâng kah tē-piáu tíng-kuân phái-iōng kho-ha̍k kái-sueh ê bûn-bîng sán-bu̍t iá-sī UFO (unidentified flying object), lóng-tsóng kóng-sī guā-tsheⁿ-jîn kah in-ê íng-hióng.[2]M̄-koh tsit-má tē-piáu tíng-kuân ê bûn-bîng in-uī ū tsi̍p-thé (collective) ì-sik kap pîn-lu̍t ê kuan-hē iá-koh bô-huat-tōo si̍t-tsè thàm-tsa m̄-tsai kám ū guā-tsheⁿ-jîn bô, sīm-tsì m̄ tsai kám ū guā-tsheⁿ sèⁿ-miā ê tshûn-tsāi.[3]

Ū tsi̍t-kuá ha̍k-su̍t (academic discipline, academic field) tan-uī (work unit) (kî-tiong khah ū-miâ ê pau-kuah Harvard tāi-ha̍k, Ka-tsiu tāi-ha̍k, Berkely (University of California, Berkeley) kap hui îng-lī tsoo-tsit (nonprofit organization (NPO)) SETI hia̍p-huē tíng-tíng) mā-ū tsham-ú soo-tsa tē-guā bûn-bîng kè-uē (SETI). Tsia--ê tsoo-tsit tì-li̍k teh iōng siā-tiān tiàu-kiàⁿ (radio telescope) tsit-khuán sian-tsìn ê siat-pī tsiap-siu uì ú-tiū tiong thuân-lâi ê tiān-tsû pho; khah uì lāi-té hun-sik ū kui-lu̍t ê sìn-hō, hi-bāng (hope) tsioh-tshú huat-hiān guā-tsheⁿ sèⁿ-miā.[4][5][6]

Voyager 1 tâi-gí sio-tsioh-mn̄g[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Voyager 1 (voyager 1) sī tsi̍t tsiah bô-lâng guā thài-iông-hē thài-khong ê thàm-tshik-khì (space probe). Teh 1997 nî 9 gue̍h tshe 5 huat-siā, tsia̍t-tsì kàu 2021 nî koh-teh ūn-tsok. Voyager 1 tíng-kuân tsah tsi̍t tiuⁿ tâng-tsit ê kim khik-puâⁿ, lāi-iông pau-kuah iōng 55 tsióng lîn-luī (человечество) gí-giân lo̍k-tsè ê sio-tsioh-mn̄g kap kok-luī im-ga̍k, lāi-iông tsú-iàu sī beh kah guā-tsheⁿ-jîn piáu-ta̍t lîn-luī siān-ì ê sio-tsioh-mn̄g. Khik-puâⁿ ū 12 inch kāu, tōo-kim piáu-bīn, lāi-té ū khǹg tshiùⁿ-ki (phonograph) tsiam. Kî-tiong pau-kuah tâi-gí ê sio-tsioh-mn̄g (greeting): Thài-khong pîng-iú, lín hó! Lín tsia̍h-pá bē? Ū-îng, tō-lâi gún-tsia tsē--o͘h.[7]

Tâi-lô jī Hàn-jī (Tâi-gí hàn-jī) Eng-gí Gí-im tóngNASA Voyager 1 bāng-ia̍h
Thài-khong pîng-iú, lín hó! Lín tsia̍h-pá bē? Ū-îng, tō-lâi gún-tsia tsē--o͘h. 太空朋友,恁好!恁食飽未?有閒著來阮遮坐喔。 Friends of space, how are you all! Have you eaten yet? Drop in on us if you are available.
Voyager kim khik-puâⁿ (Voyager Golden Record) tâi-gí sio-tsioh-mn̄g.

Tsù-kái[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  1. Plurality of Worlds: The Extraterrestrial life Debate from Democritus to Kant, by Steven Dick, Cambridge University Press 1984 (Eng-gí)
  2. The Extraterrestrial Life Debate: 1750-1900, by Michael J. Crowe, Dover Publications, 2011 (Eng-gí)
  3. Are we alone? Peter Spinks. May 21, 2013. (Eng-gí)
  4. University of Nottingham (15 June 2020). "Research sheds new light on intelligent life existing across the galaxy". EurekAlert!. 15 June 2020 khòaⁿ--ê.  (Eng-gí)
  5. University of Nottingham (15 June 2020). "Research sheds new light on intelligent life existing across the galaxy". Phys.org. 15 June 2020 khòaⁿ--ê.  (Eng-gí)
  6. Westby, Tom; Conselice, Christopher J. (5 June 2020). "The Astrobiological Copernican Weak and Strong Limits for Intelligent Life". The Astrophysical Journal. 896 (1). arXiv:2004.03968Freely accessible. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab8225. 15 June 2020 khòaⁿ--ê.  (Eng-gí)
  7. Voyager-The Interstellar Mission,"Voyager - Languages"[1] Ia̍h-bīn tshûn tóng pī-hūn,JPL/CIT,August 20, 2010.

Tsham-khó bûn-hiàn[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  • 江晃榮博士. 不可思議外星人神祕檔案. ISBN 978-986-6722-51-6.  (Hàn-gí)
  • 蘇言、徐剛著.UFO最新真相.江蘇人民出版社.2011年4月 (Hàn-gí)
  • 飛碟探索雜誌社編著.飛碟探索30年.朝華出版社.2011年9月 (Hàn-gí)
  • 吉姆·馬爾斯著.外星人已潛伏地球5000年.鳳凰出版社.2011年8月 (Hàn-gí)
  • Michael Ashkenazi: What we know about extraterrestrial intelligence. Springer, Cham 2017, ISBN 978-3-319-44455-0 (Tek-gí)
  • Daniel Gerritzen: Erst-Kontakt - warum wir uns auf Außerirdische vorbereiten müssen. Kosmos, Stuttgart 2016, ISBN 978-3-440-14871-6. (Tek-gí)
  • Ernst Fasan: Discovery of ETI - Terrestrial and extraterrestrial legal implications. Acta Astronautica, Vol.21, Issue 2, February 1990, S. 131–135. (Tek-gí)
  • George Basalla: Civilized life in the universe - scientists on intelligent extraterrestrials. Oxford University Press, New York 2006, ISBN 0-19-517181-0. (Tek-gí)
  • Peter Ulmschneider: Intelligent life in the universe - principles and requirements behind its emergence. Springer, Berlin 2006, ISBN 978-3-540-32836-0. (Tek-gí)

Iân-sin ua̍t-tho̍k[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  • Roth, Christopher F., "Ufology as Anthropology: Race, Extraterrestrials, and the Occult." In E.T. Culture: Anthropology in Outerspaces, ed. by Debbora Battaglia. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2005. (Eng-gí)
  • Sagan, Carl. 1996. The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark: chapter 4: "Aliens" (Eng-gí)

Tsham-ua̍t[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Guā-pōo liân-kiat[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]