Lietuva

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Thiàu khì: se̍h chāmchhiau-chhoē
Lietuva Kiōng-hô-kok
Lietuvos Respublika
Flag of Lithuania.svg Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg
Kok-kî Kok-hui
Kok-koa: Tautiška giesmė
National Hymn
Chū-jiân tē-lí
(si̍t-chè khòng-chè tē-khu)
Lietuva ê só͘-chāi
Lietuva ê só͘-chāi.
Siú-to͘ Vilnius
Siāng-tōa siâⁿ-chhī capital
Bīn-chek
  • Kok-thó͘ bīn-chek: 65,300 km² pâi sè-kài tē-123rd miâ
Sî-khu UTC+2

(Hā-lēng-sî: UTC+3)

Jîn-bîn seng-oa̍h
Koaⁿ-hong gí-giân Lithuanian
Jîn-kháu
  • Chóng jîn-kháu: 2,842,412 [1] lâng 2017 nî kó͘-kè, pâi sè-kài tē 137th miâ
Bîn-cho̍k
Jîn-bîn hō-miâ Lithuanian
Chèng-tī bûn-hoà
chèng-tī chè-tō͘ Unitary semi-presidential republic[2][3][4][5]
Kok-ka léng-tō-jîn
Keng-chè si̍t-le̍k
hoè-pè tan-ūi Euro (€) (EUR)
Gini hē-sò͘ 37.9(2015 nî)
GDP (PPP) $86 billion[6] (2016 nî)
GDP (bêng-gī siōng ê) $43 billion (2016 nî)
Pêng-kin GDP (PPP) $29,900[6] (2016 nî)
Pêng-kin GDP (bêng-gī siōng ê) $14,900[7] (2016 nî)
HDI 0.839 (2014 nî)
Kok-ka chu-liāu
bāng-he̍k miâ-chheng sok-siá .lta
kok-chè tiān-oē khu-hō +370

Lietuva Kiōng-hô-kok (Lietuva-gú: Lietuvos Respublika) sī tī Tang Au-chiu ê kok-ka, sī Pe̍h-kok 3-kok ê kî-tiong 1 kok. Lietuva ê pak-hong sī Latvia, tang-lâm-hong sī Belarus, lâm-hong sī Pho-lân, sai-lâm-hong sī Lō͘-se-a ê Kaliningrad Oblast.

Ki-pún chu-liāu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Lithuania-map.png
  1. "Pradžia – OSP". stat.gov.lt. 
  2. Lina Kulikauskienė (2002). Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija [The Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania] (ēng Lithuanian). Native History, CD. ISBN 9986-9216-7-8. 
  3. Ernst Veser (23 September 1997). "Semi-Presidentialism-Duverger's Concept — A New Political System Model" (PDF) (ēng English kap Chinese). Department of Education, School of Education, University of Cologne: 39–60. 20 August 2016 khòaⁿ--ê. Duhamel has developed the approach further: He stresses that the French construction does not correspond to either parliamentary or the presidential form of government, and then develops the distinction of 'système politique' and 'régime constitutionnel'. While the former comprises the exercise of power that results from the dominant institutional practice, the latter is the totality of the rules for the dominant institutional practice of the power. In this way, France appears as 'presidentialist system' endowed with a 'semi-presidential regime' (1983: 587). By this standard he recognizes Duverger's pléiade as semi-presidential regimes, as well as Poland, Romania, Bulgaria and Lithuania (1993: 87). 
  4. Matthew Shugart Søberg (September 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive and Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (United States: University of California, San Diego). goân-loē-iông (PDF) tī 19 August 2008 hőng khó͘-pih. 20 August 2016 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  5. Matthew Søberg Shugart (December 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive And Mixed Authority Patterns". French Politics 3 (3): 323–351. doi:10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200087. A pattern similar to the French case of compatible majorities alternating with periods of cohabitation emerged in Lithuania, where Talat-Kelpsa (2001) notes that the ability of the Lithuanian president to influence government formation and policy declined abruptly when he lost the sympathetic majority in parliament. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Lithuania". International Monetary Fund. 2015. 6 October 2016 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  7. Lithuania. Imf.org.