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Pâi-miâ Kok-ka / I-lāi-tē Lóng-chóng km2 (mi2) Lio̍k-tē km2 (mi2) Chúi-he̍k km2 (mi2) % chúi-he̍k Chù-kha
Sè-kài 510,072,000 (196,940,000) 148,940,000 (57,510,000) 361,132,000 (139,434,000) 70.8
1  Lō͘-se-a 17,098,246 (6,601,670) 16,378,410 (6,323,740) 719,836 (277,930) 4.21 Largest country in the world (10.995% of the world's land mass); its European portion is roughly 4,000,000 km2, which is around 40% of the total landmass of Europe, making Russia the largest country in Europe; and its Asian portion, which covers all of Northern Asia, is around 13,100,000 km2, making Russia the largest country in Asia.
 Lâm-ke̍k Tāi-lio̍k 14,200,000 (5,500,000) 14,200,000 (5,500,000) 0 (0) 0 13,916,000 km2 (5,373,000 sq mi) (98%) of the land area is covered by ice and snow. Though not itself a country, areas are claimed by a number of countries.[Note 1]
2  Canada[Note 2] 9,984,670 (3,855,100) 9,093,507 (3,511,023) 891,163 (344,080) 8.93 Largest English- and largest French-speaking country; largest country completely in the Western Hemisphere by total area (second-largest by land area after the United States); with the largest surface area of water. Total area and water area figures include area covered by freshwater only and do not include internal waters (non-freshwater) of about 1,600,000 km2, nor territorial waters of 200,000 km2.[1][2]
3/4  Tiong-kok 9,596,961 (3,705,407) 9,326,410 (3,600,950) 270,550 (104,460) 2.82 Largest country entirely in Asia, and second-largest country in the world by land area. Excludes Taiwan, disputed territories with India, and disputed islands in the South China Sea. Figures for total area and water area also exclude all coastal and territorial waters.[Note 3]
 Bí-kok 9,525,067 (3,677,649) –
9,833,517 (3,796,742)[3]
9,147,593 (3,531,905) –
9,147,643 (3,531,925)[3]
377,424 (145,724) –
685,924 (264,837)[3]
3.96–6.97 By land area, largest English-speaking country and largest country in the Western Hemisphere (second-largest by total area after Canada). Secondary figures for total area and water area include all coastal and territorial waters.[Note 3]
5  Pa-se 8,515,767 (3,287,956) 8,460,415 (3,266,584) 55,352 (21,372) 0.65 Largest Portuguese-speaking country, largest country in South America, largest country in the Southern Hemisphere,[Note 4] and the largest contiguous territory in the Americas.[5]
6  Ò-chiu 7,692,024 (2,969,907) 7,633,565 (2,947,336) 58,459 (22,571) 0.76 Third-largest English-speaking country and largest country in Oceania, largest country without land borders, and the largest country completely in the Southern Hemisphere.[Note 5]
7  Ìn-tō͘ 3,287,263 (1,269,219) 2,973,190 (1,147,960) 314,073 (121,264) 9.55 Second-largest country entirely in Asia and largest country in South Asia.[Note 6] Largest Hindi-speaking country and most populous Hindu country.
8  Argentina 2,780,400 (1,073,500) 2,736,690 (1,056,640) 43,710 (16,880) 1.57 Largest Spanish-speaking country and second-largest country in South America.[Note 7]
9  Kazakhstan 2,724,900 (1,052,100) 2,699,700 (1,042,400) 25,200 (9,700) 0.92 Largest landlocked country.[11] Second-largest Russian-speaking country after Russia, and the largest country in Central Asia. Transcontinental country located in Asia and Europe.
10  Algeria 2,381,741 (919,595) 2,381,741 (919,595) 0 (0) 0 Largest country in Africa; also largest in the Arab world and the Mediterranean Basin.[Note 8]
11  Congo Bîn-chú Kiōng-hô-kok 2,344,858 (905,355) 2,267,048 (875,312) 77,810 (30,040) 3.32 Second-largest French-speaking country. Largest country in Central and Sub-Saharan Africa. Second-largest country in Africa, has the largest French-speaking city (Kinshasa).
Tan-be̍h Ông-kok Tan-be̍h Ông-kok 2,220,093 (857,183) 2,220,072 (857,175) 21 (8.1) 0 UN figure does not include the entire Kingdom area.
 Greenland (Tan-be̍h) 2,166,086 (836,330) 2,166,086 (836,330)[Note 9] 0 (0) 0 Largest island in the world, largest territory in the Kingdom of Denmark, and the largest inhabited non-sovereign territory in the world.
12  Saudi A-la-pek 2,149,690 (830,000) 2,149,690 (830,000) 0 (0) 0 Largest country in Western Asia. Second-largest in the Arab world after Algeria.
13  Be̍k-se-ko 1,964,375 (758,449) 1,943,945 (750,561) 20,430 (7,890) 1.04 Second-largest Spanish-speaking country by area after Argentina; largest Spanish-speaking country by number of speakers.
14  Ìn-nî 1,904,569 (735,358) 1,811,569 (699,451) 93,000 (36,000) 4.87 Transcontinental country located in Asia and Oceania. Largest country in Southeast Asia. Largest island country and archipelagic state in the world by area and population.[13]
15  Sudan 1,861,484 (718,723) 1,731,671 (668,602) 129,813 (50,121) 6.97 [Note 10] Third-largest country in Africa and third-largest in the Arab world.[8][14]
16  Libya 1,759,540 (679,360) 1,759,540 (679,360) 0 (0) 0
17  Iran 1,648,195 (636,372) 1,531,595 (591,352) 116,600 (45,000) 7.07 Largest Persian-speaking country. Second-largest country in Western Asia and fourth-largest completely in Asia after China, India, and Saudi Arabia. [Note 11]
18  Bông-kó͘ 1,564,110 (603,910) 1,553,556 (599,831) 10,560 (4,080) 0.68 Second-largest landlocked country and largest that does not border a closed sea.
19  Peru 1,285,216 (496,225) 1,279,996 (494,209) 5,220 (2,020) 0.41 Third-largest Spanish-speaking country and third-largest country in South America.
20  Chad 1,284,000 (496,000) 1,259,200 (486,200) 24,800 (9,600) 1.93 Third-largest landlocked country and largest outside of Asia. Fifth-largest country in Africa.
21  Niger 1,267,000 (489,000) 1,266,700 (489,100) 300 (120) 0.02 Largest country in West Africa.
22  Angola 1,246,700 (481,400) 1,246,700 (481,400) 0 (0) 0
23  Mali 1,240,192 (478,841) 1,220,190 (471,120) 20,002 (7,723) 1.61
24  Lâm-hui-kok 1,221,037 (471,445) 1,214,470 (468,910) 4,620 (1,780) 0.38 Largest country in Southern Africa.
25  Colombia 1,141,748 (440,831) 1,038,700 (401,000) 100,210 (38,690) 8.8
26  Ethiopia 1,104,300 (426,400) 1,000,000 (390,000) 104,300 (40,300) 0.7 Largest country in East Africa.[Note 12]
27  Bolivia 1,098,581 (424,164) 1,083,301 (418,265) 15,280 (5,900) 1.39
28  Mauritania 1,030,700 (398,000) 1,025,520 (395,960) 4,480 (1,730) 0.44
29  Ai-ki̍p 1,002,450 (387,050) 995,450 (384,350) 6,000 (2,300) 0.6 Transcontinental country located in Asia and Africa.
30  Tanzania 945,087 (364,900) 885,800 (342,000) 61,500 (23,700) 6.49
31  Nigeria 923,768 (356,669) 910,768 (351,649) 13,000 (5,000) 1.41
32  Venezuela 916,445 (353,841) 882,050 (340,560) 30,000 (12,000) 3.29 [Note 13]
33  Pakistan 881,913 (340,509) 856,690 (330,770) 25,223 (9,739) 2.86 [Note 14]
34  Namibia 825,615 (318,772) 823,290 (317,870) 2,425 (936) 0.12
35  Mozambique 801,590 (309,500) 786,380 (303,620) 13,000 (5,000) 1.63
36  Thó͘-ní-kî 783,562 (302,535) 769,632 (297,157) 13,930 (5,380) 1.78 Transcontinental country located in Asia and Europe.
37  Chile 756,102 (291,933) 743,812 (287,187) 12,290 (4,750) 1.63 [Note 15]
38  Zambia 752,612 (290,585) 743,398 (287,028) 9,220 (3,560) 1.23
39  Bián-tiān 676,578 (261,228) 653,508 (252,321) 23,070 (8,910) 3.41
40  Afghanistan 652,864 (252,072) 652,864 (252,072) 0 (0) 0
41  Lâm Sudan 644,329 (248,777) 644,329 (248,777) 0 (0) 0
[Note 10]
[Note 16][16]
42  Hoat-kok 640,679 (247,368) 640,427 (247,270) 3,374 (1,303) 0.52 Figures include metropolitan France (in Europe) as well as the five overseas regions. This does not include New Caledonia (an autonomous sui generis collectivity), the five autonomous overseas collectivities, and the two uninhabited territories (the French Southern and Antarctic Lands and Clipperton Island) which are listed individually, although also part of the French Republic.[Note 17] Third-largest country in Europe after Russia and Ukraine, and the largest country in the European Union.
43  Somalia 637,657 (246,201) 627,337 (242,216) 10,320 (3,980) 1.62 Figures include Somaliland.
44  Tiong-hui Kiōng-hô-kok 622,984 (240,535) 622,984 (240,535) 0 (0) 0
45  Ukraina 603,500 (233,000) 579,300 (223,700) 24,200 (9,300) 4.01 Second-largest country in Europe after Russia.
46  Madagascar 587,041 (226,658) 581,540 (224,530) 5,501 (2,124) 0.94 Largest island country in Africa and 2nd largest island country in the world.
47  Botswana 581,730 (224,610) 566,730 (218,820) 15,000 (5,800) 2.58 [Note 18]
48  Kenya 580,367 (224,081) 569,140 (219,750) 11,227 (4,335) 1.93
49  Yemen 555,000 (214,000) 555,000 (214,000) 0 (0) 0 The second largest country in the Arabian Peninsula.[Note 19] The area before signing of the Jeddah Treaty was 527,968 square kilometers.
 Hoat-kok Au-chiu Tē-khu (to͘-chhī-kūn) 543,940 (210,020) Metropolitan France (the part of France located in Europe)
50  Thài-kok 513,120 (198,120) 510,890 (197,260) 2,230 (860) 0.43
51  Se-pan-gâ 505,992 (195,365) 498,980 (192,660) 6,390 (2,470) 1.26

Largest country in Southern Europe and second-largest member state of European Union.

52  Turkmenistan 488,100 (188,500) 469,930 (181,440) 18,170 (7,020) 3.72
53  Cameroon 475,442 (183,569) 472,710 (182,510) 2,730 (1,050) 0.57
54  Papua New Guinea 462,840 (178,700) 452,860 (174,850) 9,980 (3,850) 2.16 Third-largest island country in the world.
55  Sūi-tián 450,295 (173,860) 410,335 (158,431) 39,960 (15,430) 8.87 Largest country in Northern Europe. Third-largest member state of European Union.
56  Uzbekistan 447,400 (172,700) 425,400 (164,200) 22,000 (8,500) 4.92
57  Morocco 446,550 (172,410) 446,300 (172,300) 250 (97) 0.06 Does not include the disputed Western Sahara, shown separately.[Note 20]
58  Iraq 438,317 (169,235) 437,367 (168,868) 950 (370) 0.22 [Note 21]
59  Paraguay 406,752 (157,048) 397,302 (153,399) 9,450 (3,650) 2.32
60  Zimbabwe 390,757 (150,872) 386,847 (149,362) 3,910 (1,510) 1
61  Ná-ui 385,207 (148,729) 365,957 (141,297) 19,520 (7,540) 5.00 The Kingdom of Norway, including Jan Mayen and Svalbard, but excluding Bouvet Island and the Antarctic territorial claims of Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land.[Note 22]
62  Ji̍t-pún 377,976 (145,937) 364,546 (140,752) 13,430 (5,190) 3.55 Largest island country in East Asia and the world's 4th largest island country.[Note 23]
63  Tek-kok 357,114 (137,882) 348,672 (134,623) 8,350 (3,220) 2.34 Largest country in Central Europe. Before the 1990 German reunification, West Germany was 248,577 (95,976) and East Germany was 108,333 (41,828).
64  Congo 342,000 (132,000) 341,500 (131,900) 500 (190) 0.15
65  Hun-lân 338,425 (130,667) 303,816 (117,304) 34,330 (13,250) 10.15 [Note 24]
66  Oa̍t-lâm 331,212 (127,882) 310,070 (119,720) 21,140 (8,160) 6.38
67  Má-lâi-se-a 330,803 (127,724) 329,613 (127,264) 1,190 (460) 0.35
 Ná-ui (pún-thó͘) 323,802 (125,021) 304,282 (117,484) 19,520 (7,540) 6.03 Mainland Norway, excluding Jan Mayen, Svalbard, and the dependencies.[Note 22]
68  Côte d'Ivoire 322,463 (124,504) 318,003 (122,782) 4,460 (1,720) 1.38
69  Pho-lân 312,696 (120,733) 311,888 (120,421) 791 (305) 3.07
70  Oman 309,500 (119,500) 309,500 (119,500) 0 (0) 0
71  Í-tāi-lī 301,339 (116,348) 294,140 (113,570) 7,200 (2,800) 2.39
72  Hui-li̍p-pin 300,000 (120,000) 298,170 (115,120) 1,830 (710) 0.61
73  Ecuador 276,841 (106,889) 256,369 (98,985) 6,720 (2,590) 2.37 [Note 25]
74  Burkina Faso 274,222 (105,878) 273,602 (105,638) 620 (240) 0.23 [Note 26]
75  New Zealand 270,467 (104,428) 262,443 (101,330) 4,395 (1,697) 1.65 [Note 27]
76  Gabon 267,668 (103,347) 257,667 (99,486) 10,000 (3,900) 3.74
 Sahrawi A-la-pek Bîn-chú Kiōng-hô-kok 266,000 (103,000) 266,000 (103,000) 0 (0) 0 Disputed territory. Administrative control is limited to approximately one-third of this area, with the remaining area controlled by Morocco.
77  Guinea 245,857 (94,926) 245,717 (94,872) 140 (54) 0.06
78  Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok 242,495 (93,628) 241,930 (93,410) 1,680 (650) 0.69

Largest island country in Europe and Western Hemisphere.[Note 28]

79  Uganda 241,550 (93,260) 197,100 (76,100) 43,938 (16,965) 18.23
80  Ghana 238,533 (92,098) 227,533 (87,851) 11,000 (4,200) 4.61
81  Romania 238,397 (92,046) 231,291 (89,302) 7,100 (2,700) 2.97
82  Láu-o 236,800 (91,400) 230,800 (89,100) 6,000 (2,300) 2.53 Only landlocked country in Southeast Asia.
83  Guyana 214,969 (83,000) 196,849 (76,004) 18,120 (7,000) 8.43
84  Belarus 207,600 (80,200) 202,900 (78,300) 4,700 (1,800) 2.26 Largest landlocked country in Europe.
85  Kyrgyzstan 199,951 (77,202) 191,801 (74,055) 8,150 (3,150) 4.08
86  Senegal 196,722 (75,955) 192,530 (74,340) 4,192 (1,619) 2.13
87  Su-lī-a 185,180 (71,500) 183,630 (70,900) 1,550 (600) 0.84 [Note 29]
88  Kán-po͘-chē 181,035 (69,898) 176,515 (68,153) 4,520 (1,750) 2.5
89  Uruguay 176,215 (68,037) 175,015 (67,574) 1,200 (460) 0.68
 Somaliland 176,120 (68,000) [Note 30]
90  Suriname 163,820 (63,250) 156,000 (60,000) 7,820 (3,020) 4.77 Smallest country in South America.
91  Tunisia 163,610 (63,170) 155,360 (59,980) 8,250 (3,190) 5.04
92  Bangladesh 148,460 (57,320) 134,208 (51,818) 14,252 (5,503) 9.6 [Note 31]
93    Nepal 147,181 (56,827) 143,351 (55,348) 3,830 (1,480) 2.6 Nepal is the largest country in the Himalayan range. The Government of Nepal gives its area as 147,516 square kilometres (56,956 sq mi), which includes an additional 335 square kilometers of disputed territory under Indian administration.[26]
94  Tajikistan 143,100 (55,300) 141,510 (54,640) 2,590 (1,000) 1.81
95  Hi-lia̍p 131,957 (50,949) 130,647 (50,443) 1,310 (510) 0.99
96  Nicaragua 130,373 (50,337) 119,990 (46,330) 10,380 (4,010) 7.96 Largest country in Central America.
97  Tiâu-sián Bîn-chú-chú-gī Jîn-bîn Kiōng-hô-kok 120,540 (46,540) 120,538 (46,540) 2 (0.77) 0.11 Excludes claim on South Korea.
98  Malawi 118,484 (45,747) 94,080 (36,320) 24,404 (9,422) 20.6
99  Eritrea 117,600 (45,400) 101,000 (39,000) 16,600 (6,400) 14.12
100  Benin 114,763 (44,310) 114,305 (44,133) 457.569 (176.668) 0.40 [Note 32]
101  Honduras 112,492 (43,433) 111,890 (43,200) 200 (77) 0.18
102  Liberia 111,369 (43,000) 96,320 (37,190) 15,049 (5,810) 13.51
103  Bulgaria 111,002 (42,858) 108,612 (41,935) 2,390 (920) 2.16
104  Cuba 109,884 (42,426) 109,884 (42,426) 0 (0) 0.00 Largest country in the West Indies.
105  Guatemala 108,889 (42,042) 107,159 (41,374) 1,730 (670) 1.59
106  Peng-tó 103,000 (40,000) 100,250 (38,710) 2,750 (1,060) 2.67
107  Tāi-hân Bîn-kok 100,210 (38,690) 99,909 (38,575) 301 (116) 0.3 Excludes claim on North Korea.
108  Hông-gâ-lī 93,028 (35,918) 89,608 (34,598) 3,420 (1,320) 3.68
109  Phû-tô-gâ 92,226 (35,609) 91,119 (35,181) 1,107 (427) 1.2
110  Iok-tàn 89,342 (34,495) 88,802 (34,287) 540 (210) 0.6
111  Serbia 88,361 (34,116) 88,246 (34,072) 115 (44) 0.13 The largest former Yugoslav and Serbo-Croatian-speaking country. Includes Kosovo. [Note 33]
112  Azerbaijan 86,600 (33,400) 86,100 (33,200) 500 (190) 0.13 Largest country in Caucasus. Transcontinental country located in Asia and Europe. [Note 34]
113  Ò-tē-lī 83,871 (32,383) 82,445 (31,832) 1,426 (551) 1.7
114  A-la-pek Liân-ha̍p Thâu-lâng-kok 83,600 (32,300) 83,600 (32,300) 0 (0) 0
115  Chesko 78,871 (30,452) 77,199 (29,807) 1,672 (646) 2.12
116  Panama 75,417 (29,119) 74,340 (28,700) 1,080 (420) 1.43 Transcontinental country in North America and South America.
117  Sierra Leone 71,740 (27,700) 71,620 (27,650) 120 (46) 0.17
118  Ài-ní-lân 70,273 (27,133) 68,883 (26,596) 1,390 (540) 1.98 The figure shown is for the Republic of Ireland; the island of Ireland is 84,421 km2 or 32,595 sq mi.[29]
119  Gruzia 69,700 (26,900) 69,700 (26,900) 0 (0) 0 Transcontinental country located in Asia and Europe.[Note 35]
120  Sri Lanka 65,610 (25,330) 62,732 (24,221) 2,878 (1,111) 4.4
121  Lietuva 65,300 (25,200) 62,680 (24,200) 2,620 (1,010) 4.01
122  Latvia 64,559 (24,926) 62,249 (24,034) 2,340 (900) 3.62
 Svalbard (Ná-ui) 62,045 (23,956) 62,045 (23,956) 0 (0) 0 [Note 36]
123  Togo 56,785 (21,925) 54,385 (20,998) 2,400 (930) 4.23
124  Croatia 56,594 (21,851) 55,974 (21,612) 620 (240) 1.1
125  Bosnia kap Herzegovina 51,209 (19,772) 51,187 (19,763) 10 (3.9) 0.02
126  Costa Rica 51,100 (19,700) 51,060 (19,710) 40 (15) 0.08
127  Slovakia 49,037 (18,933) 48,105 (18,573) 930 (360) 1.9
128  Dominica Kiōng-hô-kok 48,671 (18,792) 48,320 (18,660) 350 (140) 0.72
129  Estonia 45,227 (17,462) 42,388 (16,366) 2,840 (1,100) 6.28
130  Tan-be̍h 43,094 (16,639) 42,434 (16,384) 660 (250) 1.53 Includes Denmark proper only, but excludes the autonomous territories in the Kingdom of Denmark, shown separately.
131  Hô-lân 41,850 (16,160) 33,893 (13,086) 7,650 (2,950) 18.41 Includes the special municipalities, but excludes other countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, shown separately.[Note 37]
132  Sūi-se 41,284 (15,940) 39,997 (15,443) 1,280 (490) 3.1 [Note 38]
133  Bhutan 38,394 (14,824) 38,394 (14,824) 0 (0) 0
 Tâi-oân 36,193 (13,974) 32,260 (12,460) 3,720 (1,440) 10.34 Between 1945 and 1949, the Republic of China included Mainland China, Mongolia, Taiwan, and other areas, totaling 11,418,174 km2 (4,408,582 sq mi).[Note 39]
134  Guinea-Bissau 36,125 (13,948) 28,120 (10,860) 8,005 (3,091) 22.16
135  Moldova 33,846 (13,068) 32,891 (12,699) 960 (370) 2.84 [Note 40]
136  Pe̍k-ní-gī 30,528 (11,787) 30,278 (11,690) 250 (97) 0.82
137  Lesotho 30,355 (11,720) 30,355 (11,720) 0 (0) 0
138  Armenia 29,743 (11,484) 28,342 (10,943) 1,401 (541) 4.71
139  Só͘-lô-bûn Kûn-tó 28,896 (11,157) 27,986 (10,805) 910 (350) 3.15
140  Albania 28,748 (11,100) 27,398 (10,578) 1,350 (520) 4.7
141  Chhiah-tō Guinea 28,051 (10,831) 28,051 (10,831) 0 (0) 0
142  Burundi 27,834 (10,747) 25,680 (9,920) 2,150 (830) 7.73
143  Haiti 27,750 (10,710) 27,560 (10,640) 190 (73) 0.68
144  Rwanda 26,338 (10,169) 24,668 (9,524) 1,670 (640) 6.34
145  Pak Macedonia 25,713 (9,928) 25,433 (9,820) 280 (110) 1.09
146  Djibouti 23,200 (9,000) 23,180 (8,950) 20 (7.7) 0.09
147  Belize 22,966 (8,867) 22,806 (8,805) 160 (62) 0.7
148  El Salvador 21,041 (8,124) 20,721 (8,000) 320 (120) 1.52 Smallest country on the American continent.
149  Í-sek-lia̍t 20,770 (8,020) 20,330 (7,850) 440 (170) 2.12 [Note 41]
150  Slovenia 20,273 (7,827) 20,151 (7,780) 122 (47) 0.6
 New Caledonia (Hoat-kok) 18,575 (7,172) 18,275 (7,056) 300 (120) 1.62
151  Fiji 18,272 (7,055) 18,274 (7,056) 0 (0) 0
152  Kuwait 17,818 (6,880) 17,818 (6,880) 0 (0) 0
153  Eswatini 17,364 (6,704) 17,204 (6,643) 160 (62) 0.92
154  Tang Timor 14,919 (5,760) 14,919 (5,760) 0 (0) 0
155  Bahamas 13,943 (5,383) 10,010 (3,860) 3,870 (1,490) 27.88
156  Montenegro 13,812 (5,333) 13,452 (5,194) 360 (140) 2.61
157  Vanuatu 12,189 (4,706) 12,189 (4,706) 0 (0) 0
 Falkland Kûn-tó (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok) 12,173 (4,700) 12,173 (4,700) 0 (0) 0
158  Qatar 11,586 (4,473) 11,586 (4,473) 0 (0) 0
159  Gambia 11,295 (4,361) 10,000 (3,900) 1,295 (500) 11.47 Smallest country in continental Africa.
160  Jamaica 10,991 (4,244) 10,831 (4,182) 160 (62) 1.46
 Kosovo 10,887 (4,203) [Note 42]
161  Lī-pa-lùn 10,452 (4,036) 10,230 (3,950) 170 (66) 1.63 Second smallest country in continental Asia.
162  Ku-pí-lō͘ 9,251 (3,572) 9,241 (3,568) 10 (3.9) 0.11 [Note 43]
 Puerto Rico (Bí-kok) 9,104 (3,515) 9,104 (3,515) 3,054 (1,179) 35.2 An American territory, the third-largest island of the United States after the Big Island of Hawaii and Kodiak Island of Alaska. Also the smallest part of Hispanic America.
 Abkhazia 8,660 (3,340) [Note 44]
 Hoat-kok Lâm-pō͘ Léng-thó͘ (Hoat-kok) 7,747 (2,991) 7,668 (2,961) 79.8 (30.8) 1.03 Excludes claim on Adélie Land in Antarctica.[Note 45]
 Bí-kok Pún-thó͘-gōa Sió-tó-sū 6,959.41 (2,687.04) 34.2 (13.2) 6,937 (2,678) 99.68
163  Palestine Kok 6,020 (2,320) 6,000 (2,300) 220 (85) 3.9 [Note 46]
164  Bûn-lâi 5,765 (2,226) 5,265 (2,033) 500 (190) 8.67
165  Trinidad kap Tobago 5,130 (1,980) 5,128 (1,980) 0 (0) 0
 Hoat-kok léng Polynesia (Hoat-kok) 4,167 (1,609) 3,827 (1,478) 340 (130) 8.16
 Transnistria 4,163 (1,607) [Note 47]
166  Cabo Verde 4,033 (1,557) 4,033 (1,557) 0 (0) 0
 Lâm Georgia kap Lâm Sandwich Kûn-tó (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok) 3,903 (1,507) 3,903 (1,507) 0 (0) 0 [Note 16]
 Lâm Ossetia 3,900 (1,500) [Note 48]
 Pak Ku-pí-lō͘ 3,355 (1,295) [Note 49]
 Artsakh Kiōng-hô-kok 3,170 (1,220) 3,170 (1,220) - - Nagorno-Karabakh is internationally recognized as a part of Azerbaijan, and has no international recognition as a state
167  Samoa 2,842 (1,097) 2,821 (1,089) 10 (3.9) 0.35
 Hiong-káng (Tiong-kok) 2,755 (1,064) 1,106 (427) 1,649 (637) [36] 59.8
168  Luxembourg 2,586 (998) 2,586 (998) 0 (0) 0 The smallest country that is not a European microstate or island country.
 Bir Tawil (terra nullius) 2,060 (800) 2,060 (800) 0 (0) 0
169  Mauritius 2,040 (790) 2,030 (780) 10 (3.9) 0.49 [Note 50]
170  Comoros 1,862 (719) 1,862 (719) 0 (0) 0 [Note 51]
 Åland Kûn-tó (Hun-lân) 1,580 (610) [Note 52]
 Faroe Kûn-tó (Tan-be̍h) 1,393 (538) 1,393 (538) Negligible Negligible [Note 53]
171  São Tomé kap Príncipe 964 (372) 964 (372) 0 (0) 0
 Turks kap Caicos Kûn-tó (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok) 948 (366) 430 (170) 0 (0) 0 [Note 16]
172  Kiribati 811 (313) 811 (313) 0 (0) 0 [Note 54]
173  Bahrain 785 (303) 785 (303) 0 (0) 0
174  Dominica 751 (290) 751 (290) 0 (0) 0
175  Tonga 747 (288) 717 (277) 30 (12) 4.02
176  Sin-ka-pho 728 (281) 716 (276) 10 (3.9) 1.43
177  Micronesia Liân-pang 702 (271) 702 (271) Negligible Negligible
178  Saint Lucia 616 (238) 606 (234) 10 (3.9) 1.62 [Note 55]
 Man-tó (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok Ông-sek Sio̍k-léng) 572 (221) 572 (221) 0 (0) 0
 Guam (Bí-kok) 549 (212) 544 (210) 0 (0) 0
179  Andorra 468 (181) 468 (181) 0 (0) 0 European microstate.
 Pak Mariana Kûn-tó (Bí-kok) 464 (179) 464 (179) 0 (0) 0
180  Palau 459 (177) 459 (177) 0 (0) 0
181  Seychelles 452 (175) 455 (176) 0 (0) 0 Smallest country in Africa.
 Curaçao (Hô-lân) 444 (171) 444 (171) 0 (0) 0 [Note 37]
182  Antigua kap Barbuda 442 (171) 442.6 (170.9) 0 (0) 0
183  Barbados 430 (170) 431 (166) 0 (0) 0
 Heard-tó kap McDonald Kûn-tó (Ò-chiu) 412 (159) 412 (159) 0 (0) 0 [Note 16]
184  Saint Vincent kap Grenadines 389 (150) 389 (150) 0 (0) 0
 Jan Mayen (Ná-ui) 377 (146) 377 (146) 0 (0) 0
 Bí-kok léng Virgin Kûn-tó (Bí-kok) 347 (134) 346 (134) 1,564 (604) 81.88
185  Grenada 344 (133) 344 (133) 0 (0) 0
186  Malta 316 (122) 316 (122) 0 (0) 0 European microstate. Smallest European Union member state.
 Saint Helena, Ascension kap Tristan da Cunha (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok) 308 (119) 308 (119) 0 (0) 0 [Note 56]
187  Maldives 300 (120) 298 (115) 0 (0) 0 Smallest country in Asia.
 Bonaire (Hô-lân) 294 (114) 294 (114) 0 (0) 0 [Note 37]
 Cayman Kûn-tó (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok) 264 (102) 264 (102) 0 (0) 0
188  Saint Kitts kap Nevis 261 (101) 261 (101) 0 (0) 0 Smallest country in the Americas and the Western Hemisphere.
 Niue (New Zealand) 260 (100) 260 (100) 0 (0) 0 [Note 57]
 Akrotiri kap Dhekelia (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok) 253.8 (98.0) not determined not determined not determined There is a salt lake and some wetlands of unknown area.
 Saint-Pierre kap Miquelon (Hoat-kok) 242 (93) 242 (93) 0 (0) 0
 Cook Kûn-tó (New Zealand) 236 (91) 236 (91) 0 (0) 0 [Note 58]
 Bí-kok léng Samoa (United States) 199 (77) 199 (77) 0 (0) 0
189  Marshall Kûn-tó 181 (70) 181 (70) 11,673 (4,507) 98.47
 Aruba (Hô-lân) 180 (69) 180 (69) 0 (0) 0 [Note 37]
190  Liechtenstein 160 (62) 160 (62) 0 (0) 0 European microstate.
 Eng-kok léng Virgin Kûn-tó (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok) 151 (58) 151 (58) 0 (0) 0
 Wallis kap Futuna (Hoat-kok) 142 (55) 142 (55) 0 (0) 0
 Sèng-tàn-tó (Ò-chiu) 135 (52) 135 (52) 0 (0) 0 [Note 59]
 Jersey (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok Ông-sek Sio̍k-léng) 116 (45) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0
 Montserrat (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok) 102 (39) 102 (39) 0 (0) 0
 Anguilla (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok) 91 (35) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0
 Guernsey (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok Ông-sek Sio̍k-léng) 78 (30) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0
191  San Marino 61 (24) 61 (24) 0 (0) 0 European microstate.
 Eng-kok léng Ìn-tō͘-iûⁿ Niá-thó͘ (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok) 60 (23) 60 (23) 54,340 (20,980) 99.89 [Note 60]
 Saint-Martin (Hoat-kok) 54 (21) 54.4 (21.0) Negligible Negligible [Note 16]
 Bermuda (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok) 54 (21) 54 (21) 0 (0) 0
 Bouvet-tó (Ná-ui) 49 (19) 49 (19) 0 (0) 0 [Note 16]
 Pitcairn Kûn-tó (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok) 47 (18) 47 (18) 0 (0) 0 [Note 61]
 Norfolk-tó (Ò-chiu) 36 (14) 36 (14) 0 (0) 0
 Sint Maarten (Hô-lân) 34 (13) 34 (13) 0 (0) 0 [Note 37]
 Ò-mn̂g (Tiong-kok) 31.3 (12.1) 28.2 (10.9) 0 (0) 0 [Note 62]
192  Tuvalu 26 (10) 26 (10) 0 (0) 0 Smallest Commonwealth realm.
193  Nauru 21 (8.1) 21 (8.1) 0 (0) 0 Smallest island country, smallest republic and smallest country that is not a city-state
 Saint-Barthélemy (Hoat-kok) 21 (8.1) not determined not determined not determined [Note 16]
 Sint Eustatius (Hô-lân) 21 (8.1) not determined not determined not determined [Note 37]
 Cocos (Keeling) Kûn-tó (Ò-chiu) 14 (5.4) 14 (5.4) 0 (0) 0 [Note 59]
 Saba (Hô-lân) 13 (5.0) not determined not determined not determined [Note 37]
 Tokelau (New Zealand) 12 (4.6) 12 (4.6) 0 (0) 0
 Gibraltar (Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok) 6 (2.3) 6.5 (2.5) 0 (0) 0 British Overseas Territory
 Clipperton Tó (Hoat-kok) 6 (2.3) 2 (0.77) 4 (1.5) 66.67
 Ashmore kap Cartier Kûn-tó (Ò-chiu) 5 (1.9) 5 (1.9) 0 (0) 0
 Lâm-soa Kûn-tó (cheng-gī) < 5
(< 1.9)
< 5
(< 1.9)
0 (0) 0
 San-ô͘ Hái Kûn-tó (Ò-chiu) < 3
(< 1.2)
< 3
(< 1.2)
0 (0) 0
194  Monaco 2.02 (0.78) 2.02 (0.78) 0 (0) 0 European microstate. Smallest country with a coastline. Smallest United Nations member state.
195   Vaticano 0.49 (0.19) 0.49 (0.19) 0 (0) 0 European microstate. Smallest country in the world.[Note 63]

Chù-kha[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  1. The following countries have territorial claims in Antarctica: Argentina (969,000 km2 or 374,000 sq mi), Australia (5,896,500 km2 or 2,276,700 sq mi), Chile (1,250,000 km2 or 480,000 sq mi), France (432,000 km2 or 167,000 sq mi), New Zealand (450,000 km2 or 170,000 sq mi), Norway (including Peter I Island) (2,500,000 km2 or 970,000 sq mi) and United Kingdom (1,395,000 km2 or 539,000 sq mi), which to some extent overlap. The area from Pang-bô͘:Coor d Antarctic to Pang-bô͘:Coor d Antarctic (2,100,000 km2 or 810,000 sq mi) is currently unclaimed territory. These areas usually have no human inhabitants, excluding scientists.
  2. Smaller than China and the United States in land area.
  3. 3.0 3.1 The following two primary sources (non-mirrored) represent the range (min./max.) of estimates of China's and the United States' total areas. Both sources (1) exclude Taiwan from the area of China; (2) exclude China's coastal and territorial waters. However, the CIA World Factbook includes the United States coastal and territorial waters, while Encyclopædia Britannica excludes the United States coastal and territorial waters. Pang-bô͘:Ordered list Notably, Encyclopædia Britannica specifies the United States' area (excluding coastal and territorial waters) as 9,525,067 km2, which is less than either source's figure given for China's area.[3] Therefore, while it can be determined that China has a larger area excluding coastal and territorial waters, it is unclear which country has a larger area including coastal and territorial waters.

    The United Nations Statistics Division's figure for the United States is 9,833,517 km2 and China is 9,596,961 km2. These closely match the CIA World Factbook figures and similarly include coastal and territorial waters for the United States, but exclude coastal and territorial waters for China.


    Further explanation of disputed ranking: The dispute for world's third-largest country arose from the inclusion of coastal and territorial waters for the United States. This discrepancy was deduced from comparing the CIA World Factbook and its previous iterations[4] against the information for United States in Encyclopædia Britannica, particularly its footnote section.[3] In sum, according to older versions of the CIA World Factbook (from 1982 to 1996), the U.S. was listed as the world's fourth-largest country (after Russia, Canada, and China) with a total area of 9,372,610 km2. However, in the 1997 edition, the U.S. added coastal waters to its total area (increasing it to 9,629,091 km2). And then again in 2007, the U.S. added territorial water to its total area (increasing it to 9,833,517 km2). During this time, China's total area remained unchanged. In other words, no coastal or territorial water area was added to China's total area figure. The United States has a coastal water area of 109,362 km2, and a territorial water area of 195,213 km2, for a total of 304,575 km2 of additional water space. This is larger than entire countries like Italy, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. Adding this figure to the U.S. will boost it over China in ranking since China's coastal and territorial water figures are currently unknown (no official publication) and thus cannot be added into China's total area figure.

  4. Approx. 7% of Brazil is located in the Northern Hemisphere, its Southern Hemisphere portion (approx. 7,920,000 sq km) is still significantly bigger than Australia. Although the U.S. has American Samoa and Jarvis Island in the Southern Hemisphere, it is not generally regarded as a Southern Hemisphere country.
  5. Figures exclude the external territories of Norfolk Island, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Coral Sea Islands Territory, and Heard Island and McDonald Islands,[6] each shown separately. Excludes the claim of the Australian Antarctic Territory (5,896,500 km2 or 2,276,700 sq mi). The UN's previous data,[7] as well as the current data shown by the World Bank and the CIA,[8][9] give the figure as 7,741,220 km2 (2,988,900 sq mi).
  6. The total area given is from Encyclopædia Britannica and includes disputed territories not under Indian control but claimed by India. The total area claimed by India, according to the figure given by the United Nations and the Indian government, totals 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi).[10]
  7. Excludes claims on Argentine Antarctica (969,000 km2 or 374,000 sq mi), on Malvinas/Falkland Islands (12,173 km2 or 4,700 sq mi) and on South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (3,903 km2 or 1,507 sq mi).
  8. The area of internal waters is officially reported as 0[12] even though several seasonal lakes and permanent reservoirs exist in the country.
  9. A total of 1,755,636 km2 (677,855 sq mi) (81%) of the land area is covered by ice; the ice-free area amounts to 410,450 km2 (158,480 sq mi).[9]
  10. 10.0 10.1 The water area percentage of Sudan prior to the secession of South Sudan was 5.18.
  11. The area given is from the 2007 data and the CIA World Factbook.[8][7] The UN Demographic Yearbook lists a figure of 1,628,750 km2 (628,860 sq mi), which refers to land area only.
  12. Excluding the Ilemi Triangle (14,000 km2 or 5,400 sq mi).
  13. Excludes claims on Guayana Esequiba (160,000 km2 or 62,000 sq mi)
  14. By default, internationally sourced and published statistics include data for the Pakistani-administered territories of Kashmir: Azad Kashmir (13,297 km2 or 5,134 sq mi) and Gilgit-Baltistan (72,971 km2 or 28,174 sq mi) in this area value.[15] Further including Pakistani claims over the Indian-administered territories of Jammu and Kashmir (42,241 km2 or 16,309 sq mi) and Ladakh (59,146 km2 or 22,836 sq mi) would produce a total land area figure of 984,010 km2 (379,928 sq mi), and a total area figure of 1,009,230 km2 (389,666 sq mi) for the country. Excluding all of these territories in the disputed Kashmir region (including Pakistani-administered territories) would produce a land area figure of 796,355 km2 (307,473 sq mi) and a total area figure of 821,575 km2 (317,212 sq mi). The total area figure is equal to Pakistan's land area added to its water area of 25,220 km2 (9,740 sq mi).
  15. Excludes claims in Antarctica.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 Figures shown in this entry are taken from the CIA.[8]
  17. Source gives area of metropolitan France as 551,500 km2 (212,900 sq mi) and lists overseas regions separately, whose areas sum to 89,179 km2 (34,432 sq mi). Adding these give the total shown here for the entire French Republic. The CIA reports the total as 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi).[8] Another source, the French Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies), gives an area figure of 632,759 km2 (244,310 sq mi).[17] (The CIA gives a water area of metropolitan France as 1,530 km2 (590 sq mi).)
  18. All figures are those cited by the Food and Agriculture Organization.[18]
  19. All figures are those cited by the International Atomic Energy Agency.[19]
  20. If the whole of Western Sahara is included (which Morocco controls approximately two-thirds of), the area would be 710,800 km2 (274,460 sq mi) and the rank would be #39.
  21. Figure shown is from the 2007 data and the CIA World Factbook.[8][7] The UN figure of 435,244 km2 (168,049 sq mi) excludes the three autonomous provinces of Iraqi Kurdistan.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Figures shown are from the CIA World Factbook; the UN data refers to mainland area only. All figures exclude Bouvet Island (49 km2 or 19 sq mi), Jan Mayen (377 km2 or 146 sq mi), and Svalbard (62,045 km2 or 23,956 sq mi), shown separately, and the Antarctic territorial claims of Peter I Island (154 km2 or 59 sq mi) and Queen Maud Land (2,700,000 km2 or 1,000,000 sq mi).
  23. Figure shown is from the 2020 (Reiwa 2) Geospatial Information Authority of Japan.[20][21]
  24. Includes Åland (1,552 km2 or 599 sq mi).
  25. May or may not include the Galápagos Islands (7,880 km2 or 3,040 sq mi). The 2007 data,[7] as well as the current data given by the CIA, explicitly includes the Galápagos and gives the figure as 283,561 km2 (109,484 sq mi).[8]
  26. The total area figure is that reported by the National Institute of Statistics and Demography of Burkina Faso (INSD).[22] The water area is that reported by the Food and Agriculture Organization[23] and the land area is taken to be the difference between these two figures.
  27. The government gives the total figure as 266,838 square kilometres (103,027 sq mi).[24] CIA World Factbook has total/land area of 267,710 km2 (103,360 sq mi). All figures exclude Niue, the Cook Islands and Tokelau, shown separately, as well as the Antarctic claim of Ross Dependency.
  28. Does not include the three Crown dependencies (768 km2 or 297 sq mi) or the 14 overseas territories (1,742,857 km2 or 672,921 sq mi), each shown separately.
  29. Includes the parts of the Golan Heights (1,295 km2 or 500 sq mi) occupied by Israel.
  30. Somaliland is claimed in whole by Somalia, and has no international recognition
  31. Area according to Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics is 147,570 km2 or 56,980 sq mi.[25]
  32. Benin's official total area increased from 112,622 km2 (43,484 sq mi) to 114,763 km2 (44,310 sq mi) following the resolution of the Lete Island dispute in 2005.[27] The water area is that reported by the Food and Agriculture Organization[28] and the land area is the difference between these two figures, rounded to the nearest square kilometre.
  33. The figure shown includes the area of Kosovo and Metohija 10,887 km2 or 4,203 sq mi). The area of Serbia without Kosovo is 77,474 km2 (29,913 sq mi).[8]
  34. The figure shown includes the area of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (3,000 km2 or 1,200 sq mi), which is de facto independent from Azerbaijan.
  35. The figure shown includes the areas of Abkhazia (8,660 km2 or 3,340 sq mi)[30] and South Ossetia (3,900 km2 or 1,500 sq mi),[31] both de facto independent from Georgia.
  36. The UN gives a combined area for Svalbard and Jan Mayen as 62,422 km2 (24,101 sq mi). The separate figures shown are from the CIA World Factbook.[8]
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 37.4 37.5 37.6 Data for the Netherlands is from the Central Bureau of Statistics.[32] Source gives area of European Netherlands as 41,528 km2 (16,034 sq mi) and lists the three special municipalities separately, whose areas sum to 322 km2 (124 sq mi). Adding these gives the total shown here for the entire country of the Netherlands.[33] Adding the constituent countries of Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten, the total area of the Kingdom of the Netherlands covers 42,508 km2 (16,412 sq mi).
  38. The figure from the UN demographic yearbook (41,277 km2 or 15,937 sq mi) excludes the areas of state forests and communanzas,Pang-bô͘:Elucidate which amount to 7.15 km2 (2.76 sq mi). The figure here is from the 2007 data.[7]
  39. The UN source does not include data for the Republic of China on Taiwan. The figure shown is from the 2012 Statistical Data from the Ministry of the Interior, Republic of China. The CIA gives a total area of 35,980 km2 (13,890 sq mi). The total constitutional land area of the Republic of China is 11,420,000 km2 (4,410,000 sq mi), which includes modern-day Taiwan, Mongolia, and Mainland China.[34]
  40. The figure shown includes the area of Transnistria (4,163 km2 or 1,607 sq mi), which is de facto independent from Moldova.
  41. Figures shown are from the CIA.[8] The UN/Israel Central Bureau of Statistics figure of 22,072 km2 (8,522 sq mi) includes the Golan Heights (1,200 km2 or 460 sq mi) and East Jerusalem (70 km2 or 27 sq mi), which are not internationally recognised as part of Israel.
  42. Kosovo is claimed in whole by Serbia, and has limited international recognition
  43. Includes the largely unrecognized but de facto independent Northern Cyprus (3,355 km2 or 1,295 sq mi), the UN buffer zone (346 km2 or 134 sq mi) and Akrotiri and Dhekelia (254 km2 or 98 sq mi).[8]
  44. Abkhazia is claimed in whole by Georgia, and has limited international recognition
  45. The UN source has no data for the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. The figure given here is the total of all areas listed separately in the CIA World Factbook.[35]
  46. The CIA gives the areas of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip separately as 5,860 km2 (2,260 sq mi) and 360 km2 (140 sq mi) respectively (https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/west-bank/; https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/gaza-strip/). The figure for the West Bank includes East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land, but excludes Mount Scopus.[8]
  47. Transnistria is claimed in whole by Moldova, and has limited international recognition
  48. South Ossetia is claimed in whole by Georgia, and has limited international recognition
  49. Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is a self-declared state recognised only by Turkey.
  50. Figure shown is from the CIA World Factbook.[8] The UN figure of 1,969 km2 (760 sq mi) excludes the Agaléga Islands and Cargados Carajos.[7]
  51. The CIA World Factbook[8] and the UN give an area of 2,235 km2 (863 sq mi), which includes Mayotte (374 km2 (144 sq mi)), an overseas department of France.
  52. Åland Islands is an Autonomous region of Finland. As an Autonomous region of Finland, part of the European Union.
  53. There are some lakes and streams of unknown area.
  54. The figure shown is from the CIA World Factbook,[8] and refers to land area only. The UN figure excludes 84 km2 (32 sq mi) of uninhabited islands.
  55. The figure shown is from the CIA Factbook.[8] The UN value of 539 km2 (208 sq mi) refers to habitable area only and excludes the country's central forest reserve.
  56. The total area of Saint Helena is 122 square kilometres (47 sq mi), Ascension Island is 88 square kilometres (34 sq mi), and Tristan da Cunha is 98 square kilometres (38 sq mi).
  57. Niue, in free association with New Zealand, has limited international recognition
  58. The Cook Islands, in free association with New Zealand, has limited international recognition
  59. 59.0 59.1 Data is from the 2007 statistics.[7]
  60. The UN gives no information for the British Indian Ocean Territory. The figure given here was taken from the CIA Factbook, and refers to land area only.[8]
  61. The figure shown is from the CIA Factbook, and includes Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Island.[8] The UN figure is 5 km2 or 1.9 sq mi, and only includes area for Pitcairn island itself, the only inhabited island in the group.
  62. Current statistics: March 2014 – Direcção dos Serviços de Cartografia e Cadastro (Cartography and Cadastre Bureau) Including University of Macau's New Hengqin Campus
  63. The De Agostini Atlas Calendar listed the area of Vatican City as 0.44 km2 in its 1930 edition[37] but corrected it to 0.49 km2 in its 1945–46 edition.[38] The figure of 0.44 km2 is still widely cited by many sources despite its inaccuracy.

Chham-khó[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  1. Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". www.statcan.gc.ca. 2016-03-04 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  2. Branch, Government of Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Communications. "Oceans". www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca. 2016-03-04 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "United States". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2017-12-04 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  4. "31 Years of CIA World Factbook". CIA. 31 January 2014 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  5. "IBGE :: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística". ww2.ibge.gov.br. 
  6. Geoscience Australia. "Area of Australia – States and Territories". Government of Australia. 25 November 2011 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 Ín-iōng chhò-gō͘: Bû-hāu ê <ref> tag; chhōe bô chí-miâ ê ref bûn-jī unstats07
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 Ín-iōng chhò-gō͘: Bû-hāu ê <ref> tag; chhōe bô chí-miâ ê ref bûn-jī ciastats
  9. 9.0 9.1 Ín-iōng chhò-gō͘: Bû-hāu ê <ref> tag; chhōe bô chí-miâ ê ref bûn-jī wbstats
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