Hui-li̍p-pin

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Hui-li̍p-pin Kiōng-hô-kok
Republika ng Pilipinas
Flag of the Philippines.svg Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
Kok-kî Kok-hui
Chū-jiân tē-lí
(si̍t-chè khòng-chè tē-khu)
Hui-li̍p-pin ê só͘-chāi
Hui-li̍p-pin ê só͘-chāi.
Siú-to͘ Manila
Bīn-chek
  • Kok-thó͘ bīn-chek: 300,000 km² pâi sè-kài tē-73 miâ
Jîn-bîn seng-oa̍h
Jîn-kháu
Chèng-tī bûn-hoà
Kok-ka léng-tō-jîn
Keng-chè si̍t-le̍k
Kok-ka chu-liāu

Hui-li̍p-pin/Hui-lu̍t-pin Kiōng-hô-kok (Republika ng Pilipinas/菲律賓共和國), tī A-chiu ê tang-pō·, iû Thài-pêng-iûⁿ ê Hui-lu̍t-pin Kûn-tó kah sì-kho·-le̍ ê tó-sū, lóng-chóng 7500 gōa ê tōa-sió tó-sū cho·-sêng.

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Tāi-iok chêng 3000 nî ê sî, Lâm-tó bîn-cho̍k khai-sí tī Hui-li̍p-pin khiā-khí, chia Lâm-tó lâng chú-iàu sī tùi Tâi-oân kòe--lâi. Kàu chêng 500 nî ê sî-chūn, Hui-li̍p-pin khai-sí kap Ìn-tō͘, Lâm-iûⁿ kî-thaⁿ só͘-chāi, koh-ū Tiong-kok ū bō͘-e̍k lâi-óng.

Kong-gôan 1521 nî, Au-chiu thàm-hiám-ka Ferdinand Magellan chhōa-tio̍h i thàm-hiám-tūi keng-kòe chit-ê só·-chāi. 1565 nî liáu-āu, Se-pan-gâ khai-sí thóng-tī chit-phiàn thó·-tē, 1898 nî liáu-āu ōaⁿ Bí-kok thóng-tī. 1935 nî, kok-ka chhòng-kiàn " kiōng-tông-thé ", 1946 nî chhú-tit ôan-chôan ê to̍k-li̍p.

Tē-jī-chhù Sè-kài Tāi-chiàn kî-kan, bat hō· Ji̍t-pún-lâng chiàm-niá kòe 1-chām. 1965 nî kòe-āu, chóng-thóng Ferdinand Marcos si̍t-hêng to̍k-chhâi thóng-tī, it-ti̍t kàu-kah 1981 nî, Maria Corazón Aquino kèng-sóan sèng-lī liáu-āu, chiah kóaⁿ-cháu Marcos, pēng-chhiáⁿ chiong i khu-tiok chhut-kéng.

Chèng-tī[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Hui-lu̍t-pin si̍t-hêng chóng-thóng-chè. Chóng-thóng sī kok-ka ê gôan-siú kiam chèng-hú siú-náu, koh kiam bú-chong pō·-tūi ê chóng-su-lēng.

Hêng-chèng khu-ōa[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Hui-lu̍t-pin chit-ê kok-ka ê thó·-tē chóng--ê ē-tàng kā pun-chòe Lū-sòng, Ûi-sat-a kah Mî-lân-ló-tó 3 tōa pō·-hūn. Chôan-kok lóng-chóng ū 13-ê tē-khu, 1-ê hêng-chèng-khu Kho-te̍k-le̍k-la(科迪勒拉), 1-ê chū-tī-khu (Mî-lân-ló Bo̍k-su-lîm chū-tī-khu). Chóng--ê 76-ê séng.

Tē-lí[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Hui-lu̍t-pin tōa-pō·-hūn ê kok-thó· sī kôan-soaⁿ, ko-gôan kah sió soaⁿ-lûn cho·-sêng--ê, o̍ah-hóe-soaⁿ chiâⁿ chōe, tē-tāng chin keng-siông. Mî-lân-ló-tó ê A-pho hóe-soaⁿ sī kok-lāi siōng-kôan ê 1-chō soaⁿ. Lū-sòng-tó ê Má-êng hóe-soaⁿ sī siōng-tōa ê o̍ah-hóe-soaⁿ. Kok-lāi chú-iàu ê hô-liû sī Mî-lân-ló hô kah Khah-ka-iân hô.

Hui-lu̍t-pin sio̍k hái-iûⁿ-sèng jia̍t-tāi kùi-hong khí-hāu, nî pêng-kun khì-un 27℃, nî kàng-hō·-liōng ta̍t-kàu 2500 kong-lî chó-iū. Jo̍ah--lâng tiāⁿ-tiāⁿ ū teh chò hong-thai.

Keng-chè[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Pian-chi̍p tiong Chit pha iáu-bōe ū lâng siá. Chhiáⁿ tàu pó͘-chhiong lōe-iông.

Jîn-kháu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Hui-lu̍t-pin siāng chú-iàu ê lâng sī sio̍k Má-lâi-cho̍k, pau-koat Thaⁿ-ka-lo̍k lâng kah kî-thaⁿ 4-ê bîn-cho̍k. Lēng-gōa koh ū Tn̂g-lâng (Hôa-jîn), Ìn-nî-lâng, Ìn-tō·-lâng kah A-la-pek lâng téng. Kok-lāi sìn-hōng Thian-chú-kàu ê lâng chha-put-tō chiàm 85%, lēng-gōa koh ū 4.9% ê lâng sìn-hōng I-su-lân-kàu, chió-sò· làng sìn-hōng To̍k-li̍p-kàu kah Ki-tok-kàu, Tn̂g-lâng tāi-to-sò· sìn-hōng Hu̍t-kàu, gôan-chū-bîn chha-put-to lóng sìn-hōng Gôan-sú chong-kàu.

Bûn-hòa[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Hiān-tāi Hui-li̍p-pin ê bûn-hòa sī tan-se-iûⁿ ê sa-lām, i tián-hiān Má-lâi sek bûn-hòa ê tông-sî, mā khip-siu tōa-liōng ê Se-pan-gâ kap Bí-kok bûn-hòa éng-hióng.

Hui-li̍p-pin-lâng hō-miâ ê hong-sek sī bêng-hián ê Se-pan-gâ hêng-sek, put-koán sī miâ-sèⁿ, Se-pan-gâ-sek hō-miâ lóng sī tong-tē chú-liû, jî-chhiá kî-tiong koh ū chi̍t pō͘-hūn sī chāi-tē he̍k-chiá kî-tha lâi-goân (pí-lūn Hok-kiàn) miâ-sèⁿ ê Se-pan-gâ-hòa. Chi̍t khoán hiān-siōng kap in 19 sè-kí sî chóng-tok Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa thui-sak Se-pan-gâ hō-miâ ū koan-hē.

Tû-liáu lâng-miâ, tē-hō-miâ kap ki-koan siat-si ê miâ mā lóng tōa-hūn sī Se-pan-gâ-sek. Chóng-sī chi̍t pō͘-hūn óa-ná î-chhî Má-lâi (Lâm-tó) ê tek-sek.

Kî-thaⁿ[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Hui-lu̍t-pin ê Tn̂g-lâng[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Pian-chi̍p tiong Chit pha iáu-bōe ū lâng siá. Chhiáⁿ tàu pó͘-chhiong lōe-iông.

Che̍k-kòan[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Kun-kù thóng-kè, bo̍k-chiân Hui-lu̍t-pin ê Tn̂g-lâng lâng-sò· tāi-khài ū chiâⁿ-pah-bān, tang-tiong chha-put-to ū 8, 9-siâⁿ ê lâng cho·-ke tī Hok-kiàn ê Bân-lâm tē-khu (pau-koat Chôan-chiu, Chiang-chiu kah Ē-mn̂g).

Tn̂g-lâng ê keng-chè[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Pian-chi̍p tiong Chit pha iáu-bōe ū lâng siá. Chhiáⁿ tàu pó͘-chhiong lōe-iông.

Gōa-pō· liân-kiat[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]