Bí-kok chèng-koàn kau-e̍k uí-oân-hōe

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Bí-kok tsìng-kuàn kau-i̍k uí-uân-huē
(U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission)
Seal of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.svg
Bí-kok tsìng-kuàn kau-i̍k uí-uân-huē ê ìn-tsiong
US Security and Exchange Commission Office photo D Ramey Logan.jpg
Teh Washington, D.C. Bí-kok tsìng-kuàn kau-i̍k uí-uân-huē ê tsóng-pōo
Agency overview
Formed 1934 nî 6 goe̍h 6 ji̍t;​ 88 nî í-chêng​ (1934-06-06)
Jurisdiction Bí-kok lên-pang tsìng-hú
Headquarters Bí-kok Washington, D.C.
Employees 4,301 (2015)[1]
Agency executive
Website www.sec.gov

Bí-kok tsìng-kuàn kau-i̍k uí-uân-huē (ing-gí: U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)) sī tsit-ê bí-kok tsìng-hú to̍k-li̍p ki-kòo [en], SEC sîng-li̍p teh 1929 Wall Street kóo-phiò pang-puâñ [en] liáu-āu.[2][3][4] SEC ê tsú-iàu bo̍k-tik [en] sī beh tsip-hîng tá-kik kóo-phiò tshī-tiûnn [en] ê tshī-tiûñ tshuā-tshau [en].[5][6]:2

Tû-liáu tshòng-kèn i-ê 1934 tsìng-kuàn kau-i̍k huat [en] tsi-guā, SEC koh tsip-hîng 1934 tsìng-kuàn huat [en], 1939 sìn-thok khè-iok huat [en], 1940 tâu-tsu kong-si huat [en], 1940 tâu-tsu kòo-būn huat [en], Sarbanes–Oxley huat [en] hām kî-thañ huat-kui. SEC sī-iû 1934-nî tsìng-kuàn kau-i̍k-huat tē-4 tiâu (tsit-má pèn-uî 15 U.S.C. § 78d, thong-siông kiò-tsò Kau-i̍k huat hi̍k-tsiá 1934-nî huat-àn) lâi tshòng-kèn.[7]

Li̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Li̍k-kài tsú-si̍k le̍t-tuañ[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Tia̍t-sū Siòng-phìñ Señ-miâ khû-khiā-tē Jīm-kî Jīm-bīng
Jīm-kî khai-sí Jīm-kî ket-sok Tsāi-uī kî-kan
1 Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. Massachusetts 1934 la̍k-gue̍h 20 1935 káu-gue̍h 23 1 hoè ,85 kang Roosevelt
2 James M. Landis James M. Landis Massachusetts 1935 káu-gue̍h 23 1937 káu-gue̍h 15 1 hoè ,357 kang Roosevelt
3 William O. Douglas William O. Douglas Minnesota 1937 peh-gue̍h 17 1939 sì-gue̍h 15 1 hoè ,241 kang Roosevelt
4 Jerome Frank Jerome Frank Illinois 1939 gōo-gue̍h 18 1941 sì-gue̍h 9 1 hoè ,326 kang Roosevelt
5 Edward C. Eicher Edward C. Eicher Iowa 1941 sì-gue̍h 9 1942 it-gue̍h 20 286 kang Roosevelt
6 Ganson Purcell 1942 it-gue̍h 20 1946 la̍k-gue̍h 30 4 hoè ,161 kang Roosevelt
7 James J. Caffrey 1946 tshit-gue̍h 23 1947 tsa̍pjī-gue̍h 31 1 hoè ,161 kang Truman
8 Edmond M. Hanrahan New York 1948 gōo-gue̍h 18 1949 tsa̍p-it-gue̍h 3 1 hoè ,169 kang Truman
9 Harry A. McDonald 1949 tsa̍pit-gue̍h 4 1952 jī-gue̍h 25 2 hoè ,113 kang Truman
10 Donald C. Cook Michigan 1952 jī-gue̍h 26 1953 la̍k-gue̍h 17 1 hoè ,111 kang Truman
11 Ralph H. Demmler Pennsylvania 1953 la̍k-gue̍h 27 1955 gōo-gue̍h 25 1 hoè ,332 kang Eisenhower
12 J. Sinclair Armstrong New York 1955 gōo-gue̍h 25 1957 la̍k-gue̍h 27 2 hoè ,33 kang Eisenhower
13 Edward N. Gadsby Massachusetts 1957 peh-gue̍h 20 1961 sann-gue̍h 26 3 hoè ,218 kang Eisenhower
14 William L. Cary 1961 sann-gue̍h 27 1964 peh-gue̍h 20 3 hoè ,146 kang Kennedy
15 Manuel F. Cohen 1964 peh-gue̍h 20 1969 jī-gue̍h 22 4 hoè ,186 kang Johnson
16 Hamer Budge Hamer H. Budge Idaho 1969 jī-gue̍h 22 1971 it-gue̍h 2 1 hoè ,314 kang Nixon
17 William J. Casey William J. Casey New York 1971 sì-gue̍h 14 1973 jī-gue̍h 2 1 hoè ,294 kang Nixon
18 G. Bradford Cook Nebraska 1973 sann-gue̍h 3 1973 gōo-gue̍h 16 74 kang Nixon
19 Ray Garrett Jr. Illinois 1973 peh-gue̍h 6 1975 tsa̍p-gue̍h 28 2 hoè ,83 kang Nixon
20 Roderick M. Hills California 1975 tsa̍p-gue̍h 28 1977 sì-gue̍h 10 1 hoè ,164 kang Ford
21 Harold M. Williams California 1977 sì-gue̍h 18 1981 sann-gue̍h 1 3 hoè ,317 kang Carter
22 John S.R. Shad 1981 gōo-gue̍h 6 1987 la̍k-gue̍h 18 6 hoè ,43 kang Reagan
23 David Sturtevant Ruder Illinois 1987 peh-gue̍h 7 1989 káu-gue̍h 30 2 hoè ,54 kang Reagan
24 Richard C. Breeden New York 1989 tsa̍p-gue̍h 11 1993 gōo-gue̍h 7 3 hoè ,208 kang Bush Sr.
25 Arthur Levitt Arthur Levitt New York 1993 tshit-gue̍h 27 9, 2001 jī-gue̍h 9 7 hoè ,227 kang Clinton
26 Harvey Pitt Harvey Pitt New York 2001 peh-gue̍h 3 2003 2gueh 18 1 hoè ,199 kang Bush Jr.
27 William H. Donaldson William H. Donaldson New York 2003 jī-gue̍h 18 2005 la̍k-gue̍h 30 2 hoè ,132 kang Bush Jr.
28 Christopher Cox Christopher Cox California 2005 peh-gue̍h 3 2009 it-gue̍h 20 3 hoè ,170 kang Bush Jr.
29 Mary Schapiro Mary Schapiro New York 2009 it-gue̍h 27 2012 tsa̍pjī-gue̍h 14 3 hoè ,322 kang Obama
30 Elisse B. Walter Elisse B. Walter New York 2012 tsa̍pjī-gue̍h 14 2013 sì-gue̍h 10 117 kang Obama
31 Mary Jo White Mary Jo White New York 2013 sì-gue̍h 10 2017 it-gue̍h 20 3 hoè ,285 kang Obama
32 Jay Clayton (attorney) Jay Clayton Pennsylvania 2017 gōo-gue̍h 4 2020 tsa̍pjī-gue̍h 23 3 hoè ,233 kang Trump
33 Gary Gensler Gary Gensler Maryland 2021 sì-gue̍h 17 Incumbent 1 hoè ,121 kang Biden

Tsoo-tsit kà-kòo[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Bí-kok tsìng-kuàn kau-i̍k uí-uân-huē iû 5-miâ uí-guân sóo tsoo-sîng--ê, jīm-hô tan-it tsìng-tóng tsiàm-iú ê si̍k-tshù bē-sái tsē-kuè 3-si̍k. Tsit-má ê tsú-si̍k sī-iû bí-kok tsìng-hú kuañ-uân hām tsiân tâu-tsu gîn-hâng-ka Gary Gensler [en] tam-jīm. Kî-thañ uí-guân si-iû nn̄g-uī kiōng-hô-tóng jîn hām nn̄g-uī bîn-tsú-tóng jîn lâi tam-jīm.

Tsù-kái[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  1. FY 2017 Congressional Budget Justification (PDF). U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 2016. p. 14. 
  2. Van Loo, Rory (2018-08-01). "Regulatory Monitors: Policing Firms in the Compliance Era". Faculty Scholarship. 
  3. "History Associates Details the Evolution of Securities Market Structure in New Online Exhibit". History Associates. 28 April 2019 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  4. Organization of the SEC U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
  5. SEC (June 10, 2013). "What We Do". SEC.gov. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 2017-03-24 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  6. Hirst, Scott (2018-07-01). "The Case for Investor Ordering". The Harvard Law School Program on Corporate Governance Discussion Paper. No. 2017-13. 
  7. "Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) - Overview, History & Setup". Corporate Finance Institute (ēng Eng-gí). 2021-04-16 khòaⁿ--ê. 

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Piáu-kik[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Guā-pōo lên-ket[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

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