Illinois

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Map of USA highlighting Illinois.png

IllinoisBí-kok ê chi̍t-ê chiu. Siú-húSpringfield. Siāng toā ê siâⁿ-chhī sī Chicago.

Tē-hō-miâ[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

"Illinois" ê í-goân sī Hoat-kok soan-kàu-sū kap thàm-hiám-ka tùi chāi-tē goân-chū-bîn ê kiò-hoat, chái-kî ū chē khoán siá-hoat. Chìn chi̍t pō͘ ê goân-thâu mā ū chē khoán lí-lūn, kî-tiong khah ha̍p-lí ê sī kóng "Illinois" sī Miami-Illinois gí-giân ê irenwe·wa, ì-sū sī "i phó͘-thong hong-sek kóng-ōe." Āu-lâi koh hō͘ Ojibwe gí-gân theh lâi ēng, piàn ilinwe·, Hoat-kok-ōe chioh ēng liáu āu, Hoat-gí-hòa ka chiūⁿ -ois.

Tē-lí[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Illinois sǹg sī tī Bí-kok ê tiong-se-pō͘.

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Bí-kok goân-chū-bîn tī Illinois iû-kî chúi-lō͘ hoat-tián bûn-hòa, ùi Au-chiu-lâng lâi chìn-chêng chio̍h í-kēng chûn-chāi kúi-chheng nî. Tī Koster Ûi-chek (Koster Site) ū hoat-hiān iân-sio̍k 7000 nî ê sú-chêng jîn-bîn khiā-khí. CahokiaMississippi bûn-hòa lāi ê kok-ka, só͘-chāi óa kīn kin-á-ji̍t Collinsville. In kiàn-siat liáu to͘-chhī, kî-tiong koh ū chi̍t lia̍p hong hiān-tāi lâng hō chò "Monks Mound" ê kim-jī-thah, sī Mexico í pak siāng tōa ê sú-chêng kiàn-tio̍k. Chóng-sī bûn-bêng tī tāi-iok 15 sè-kí sî siau-sit

Hoat-kok ê thàm-hiám-ka Jacques Marquette kap Louis Jolliet tī 1673 nî thàm-châ liáu Illinois Hô. Kàu 1680 nî ê sî, koh ū Hoat-kok lâng tī kin-á-ji̍t Peoria khí-chō iàu-sài. Canada ê Hoat-kok-lâng hiòng lâm hoat-tián, tī Mississippi Hô tē-khū seng-oa̍h. Kàu 1764 nî, in-ūi Chhit Nî Chiàn-chêng sit-pāi, Hoat-kok kā in só͘ niá ê La Louisiane kau hō͘ Eng-kok khì. 1778 nî, Bí-kok ê thàm-hiám-ka George Rogers Clark chú-tiuⁿ Illinois Kūn (Illinois County) siū Virginia só͘ koán, āu-lâi chia tī 1783 nî hong siat chò Pak-sai Léng-thó͘ (Northwest Territory) ê chit hūn.

1809 nî 2 goe̍h chhe 3, Illinois Léng-thó͘ sêng-li̍p, siú-hú siat ùi Kaskaskia. Keng-kòe kúi chhù ê pian-kài khak-jīn, Illinois tī 1818 nî hong chiap-siū chò Bí-kok tē 21 chiu, 1819 nî chiong siú-hú sóa khì Vandalia, 1837 nî koh sóa Springfield.

1831 nî ê sî, chia-ê goân-chū-bîn hong kiông-chè sóa khí Iowa seng-oa̍h. 1832 nî, Illinois kap hū-kīn ê Wisconsin hoat-seng Black Hawk Chiàn-cheng (Black Hawk War), che sī Bí-kok kap Sauk, Fox koh ū Kickapoo pō͘-cho̍k chi kan ê chhiong-tu̍t.

Bí-kok Lōe-chiàn sî-kî, Illinois hiòng liân-bêng kun-tūi phài goân chhiau-kòe 25 bān, kûi-bô͘ pâi liân-bêng lāi tē-4 miâ.

20 sè-kí chá-kî, chiu lāi jîn-kháu lâi kàu 5 pah-bān. 1933 nî ê sî, Chicago pān liáu bān-kok phok-lám-hōe "Chìn-pō͘ ê Sè-kí" (Century of Progress). 1930 nî-tāi, chio̍h-iû ê khai-chhái chin hoat-tián, kàu 1939 nî, Illinois í-keng sī Bí-kok pâi tē-4 ê chio̍h-iû seng-sán chiu. Tē-jī-chhù Sè-kài Tāi-chiàn sî-kî, Illinois seng-sán Bí-kok kun-tūi bú-khì kiam chong-pī ê 6.1%.

1959 nî, Sèng Lawrence Hái-lō͘ (Saint Lawrence Seaway) khai-thong liáu-āu, Chicago piàn chò ē-tàng tit-chia̍p hiòng hái-iûⁿ ê káng-kháu.

Keng-chè[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Illinois tī 2014 nî ê GDP sī 745,875 pa̍h-bān bí-kim.[1]

Chham-khó[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]