Indiana

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IndianaBí-kok ê chi̍t-ê chiu. Indianapolis sī i ê siú-hú kap siāng toā ê siâⁿ-chhī.

Tē-hō-miâ[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Indiana ê ì-sù sī "Indian lâng ê Thó͘-tē", ia̍h kán-tan kóng "Indian Kok".[1] Che khí-goân chū Indiana chò léng-thó ê le̍k-sú. 1800 nî 5 goe̍h 7 ji̍t, Bí-kok Kok-hōe thong-kòe li̍p-hoat-àn, kā Sai-pak Léng-thó͘ koah chò nn̄g hūn, hō sai-pêng hit hūn sī Indian Léng-thó͘. Tī 1816 nî, Kok-hōe leh thong-kòe chi̍t hāng Sūi-khoân Hoat-àn (Enabling Act) beh khai-sí kā Indian kiàn-li̍p chò chiu-hūn ê sî, goân léng-thó͘ ê chi̍t pō͘-hūn pìⁿ chò beh li̍p sin chiu ê tē-khu.[2][3][4]

Koan-hong kā Indian ê chū-bîn hō chò Hoosier.[5] Chit jī ê gí-goân iáu koh bô chheng-hó, chóng nā chiàu Indiana Le̍k-sú Kio̍k (Indiana Historical Bureau) kap Indiana Le̍k-sú Hia̍p-hōe (Indiana Historical Society) chàn-sêng ê chú-liû lí-lūn, "Hoosier" ê lâi-goân sī Virginia, Carolina, kap Tennessee (Upland South tē-khu) kóng ê "nâ-á-tē-lâng" (backwoodsman), chháu-tē-lâng ê ì-sù.[6][7]

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Angel Mounds Chiu-li̍p Le̍k-sú Tē-tiám sī siāng óa pak ê Mississippi bûn-hòa chū-lo̍h chi it, sî-tāi sio̍k 1100 nî chì 1450 nî kan.

Kó͘-Indian lângChêng 8000 nî ê sî toh lâi kài chit-ê só͘-chāi, he tng sī Pêng-hô Sî-tāi tú soah, pêng-hô iûⁿ--khì liáu-āu. In pun-sòaⁿ chò sè tīn kûn-thé, chia-ê Kó͘-Indian sī iû-bo̍k-bîn, thang lia̍h pí-lūn mastodon (chi̍t khoán kó͘-chhiūⁿ) téng tōng-bu̍t. In iā lī-ēng kak-gâm (chert), keng-kòe phut (chipping), kòng (knapping), kap phoe (flaking) ê hong-hoat chè-chō chio̍h-thâu ke-si.[8]

Keng-chè[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Indiana tī 2015 nî ê GDP sī 336,053 pa̍h-bān bí-kim.[9] Chiàu 2015 nî ê chu-liāu, pún chiu siāng-chē jîn-kang ê sán-gia̍p sī chè-chō-gia̍p.[10]

Indiana tī 2015 nî kui tang ê n̂g-tāu sán-liōng ū 7.5 pa̍h-bān tòng.[11]

Chham-khó[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. An earlier use of the name dates to the 1760s, when it referenced a tract of land under control of the Commonwealth of Virginia, but the area's name was discarded when it became a part of that state. See Hodgin, Cyrus (1903). "The Naming of Indiana" (pdf transcription). Papers of the Wayne County, Indiana, Historical Society. 1 (1): 3–11. January 23, 2014 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  2. A portion of the Northwest Territory's eastern section became the state of Ohio in 1803. The Michigan Territory was established in 1805 from part of the Indiana Territory's northern lands and four years later, in 1809, the Illinois counties were separated from the Indiana Territory to create the Illinois Territory. See John D. Barnhart; Dorothy L. Riker (1971). Indiana to 1816: The Colonial Period. The History of Indiana. I. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Bureau and the Indiana Historical Society. pp. 311–13,337, 353, 355, and 432. 
  3. Stewart, George R. (1967) [1945]. Names on the Land: A Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States (Sentry edition (3rd) pán.). Houghton Mifflin. p. 191. 
  4. Hodgin, Cyrus (1903). "The Naming of Indiana" (pdf transcriptionaccessdate=2014-1-16). Papers of the Wayne County, Indiana, Historical Society. 1 (1): 3–11. 
  5. Groppe, Maureen. "Finally, the federal government agrees: We're Hoosiers". The Indianapolis Star. January 12, 2016 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  6. Haller, Steve (Fall 2008). "The Meanings of Hoosier: 175 Years and Counting" (PDF). Traces of Indiana and Midwestern History. 20 (4): 5 and 6. ISSN 1040-788X. January 23, 2014 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  7. Graf, Jeffery. "The Word Hoosier". Indiana University – Bloomington. February 27, 2012 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  8. "Prehistoric Indians of Indiana" (PDF). State of Indiana. July 5, 2009 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  9. "Total Gross Domestic Product by State for Indiana". FRED. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. 2016-12-07. 2017-03-11 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  10. "Major industries with highest employment, by state, 1990-2015". Bureau of Labor Statistics. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2016-08-05. 2017-03-11 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  11. "U.S. Yield & Production: Production by State". SoyStats. The American Soybean Association. 2017-02-16 khòaⁿ--ê.