Tennessee

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Thiàu khì: se̍h chām, chhiau-chhoē
Tennessee Chiu
State of Tennessee
Flag of Tennessee State seal of Tennessee
Chiu-kî Chiu-chiong
Chhiok-hō: The Volunteer State
Piau-gí: Agriculture and Commerce
Map of the United States with Tennessee highlighted
Koan-hong gí-giân Eng-gí
Chū-bîn chheng-ho͘ Tennessean
Siú-hú
(kiam siāng-tōa siâⁿ-chhī)
Nashville [1]
Siāng-tōa to͘-hōe Nashville to͘-hōe-khu
Bīn-chek Pâi-miâ tē-36
 • Ha̍p-kè 42,143 sq mi
(109,247 km2)
 • Tang-sai khoah 120 lí (195 km)
 • Lâm-pak khoah 440 lí (710 km)
 • % chúi-bīn 2.2
 • Hūi-tō͘ 34° 59′ N to 36° 41′ N
 • Keng-tō͘ 81° 39′ W to 90° 19′ W
Jîn-kháu Pâi-miâ 16th
 • Ha̍p-kè 6,715,984 (2017 nî ko͘-sǹg)[2]
 • Bi̍t-tō͘ 159.4/sq mi  (61.5/km2)
Pâi-miâ tē-20
 • Hō͘-kháu siu-ji̍p tiong-ta̍t $47,330[3] (42nd)
Koân-tō͘
 • Ko-tiám Clingmans Dome[4][5]
6,643 ft (2025 m)
 • Pêng-kin 900 ft  (270 m)
 • Kē-tiám Mississippi Kang, tī Mississippi pian-kài[4][5]
178 ft (54 m)
Siat chiu chìn-chêng Southwest Territory
Sin chiu seng-li̍p 1796 nî 6 goe̍h 1 ji̍t (tē-16)
Chiu-tiúⁿ Bill Haslam (R)
Hù-chiu-tiúⁿ Randy McNally (R)
Li̍p-hoat Chóng-gī-hōe
 • Siōng-gī-īⁿ Chham-gī-hōe
 • Hā-gī-īⁿ Chiòng-gī-hōe
Chham-gī-goân Lamar Alexander (R)
Bob Corker (R)
Chiòng-gī-īⁿ tāi-piáu 7-ê Kiōng-hô-tóng, 2-ê Bîn-chú-tóng (lia̍t-toaⁿ)
Sî-khu  
 • East Tennessee Eastern: UTC -5/-4
 • Tiōng-po͘ kap Sai-pō͘ Central: UTC -6/-5
ISO 3166 US-TN
Kán-siá TN, Tenn.
Bāng-chām www.tennessee.gov

TennesseeBí-kok ê chi̍t-ê chiu, jîn-kháu tāi-iok ū 5,689,283, pâi-miâ tē 17. I ê siú-húNashville, siāng-tōa ê siâⁿ-chhī sī Memphis.

Tē-hō-miâ[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Se-pan-gâ thàm-hiám-ka Juan Pardo tī 1567 nî hiòng lōe-lio̍k thàm-lō͘ sî, chio̍h ū kì-lio̍k hō chò "Tanasqui" ê pō͘-lo̍k, che sī só͘ chai siāng chá "Tennessee" ê gí-goân.

Tē-lí[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Tennessee ê sì-ûi, pak-pêng ū Kentucky kap Virginia; tang-pêng ū North Carolina; lâm-pêng ū Georgia, Alabama, kap Mississippi; sai-pêng Mississippi Hô tùi-bīn ū Arkansas kap Missouri.

Pún chiu ê siāng-koân-tiám sī Clingmans Dome, ū koân-tō͘ 2,025 kong-chhioh, só͘-chāi tī Tennessee ê tang-pêng pian-kài.

Tennessee tī tē-lí, bûn-hòa, keng-chè kiam hoat-lu̍t-siōng, lóng pun chò 3-ê tōa hun-khu: Tang-pō͘ Tennessee, Tiong-pō͘ Tennessee, kap Sai-pō͘ Tennessee.

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Tennessee só͘-chai siāng chá ê lâng chhut-hiān tī 12,000 nî-chêng. Sú-chêng Tennessee pâu-koat liáu kúi-ê bûn-hòa sî-kî: Kó͘-sî (Archaic; chêng 8000 kàu chêng 1000 nî), Nâ-tē (Woodland; chêng 1000 nî kàu chú-āu 1000 nî), í-ki̍p Mississippi bûn-hòa (Mississippian; chú-āu 1000 kàu 1600 nî).

Só͘ chai siāng chá lâi kàu Tennessee ê Au-chiu-lâng sī Se-pan-gâ thàm-hiám-ka, kî-tiong ū 1540 nî ê Hernando de Soto; 1559 nî ê Tristan de Luna; kap 1567 nî ê Juan Pardo. Kî-tiong Pardo kì-lio̍k liáu āu-bóe piàn chiu-miâ ê goân-chū-bîn pō͘-lo̍k "Tanasqui." Hit tong-sî Tennessee tōa-hūn ê chū-bîn sī Muscogee kap Yuchi pō͘-cho̍k. Āu-lâi, tòa pat pak-pêng ê Cherokee lâng mā î-bîn lâi chia. Au-chiu-lâng î-bîn lâu ji̍p ê sî-chūn, pún tē ê goân-chū-bîn mā hong thui hiòng lâm-pêng kap sai-pêng.

1756 nî, thâu chi̍t-ê Eng-kok lâng ê chng-thâu Fort Loudoun kiàn-li̍p, chia-ê si̍t-bîn-chiá sī tùi South Carolina chhian--lâi. In kap hū-kīn ê Cherokee-lâng hoat-seng chhiong-tu̍t, āu-bóe Fort Loudoun tī 1760 nî 8 goe̍h 7 hō tâu-hâng, chiong-kun Paul Demeré hong thâi--sí. 18 sè-kí, tōa-hūn ê Au-chiu î-bîn sī Eng-lân ê lâng, lēng-gōa mā ū bē chió sī Scot-lân kap Ài-lân chhut-sin. Chia si̍t-bîn-chiá tī 1772 nî cho͘-sêng Watauga Liân-ha̍p (Watauga Association).

1776 nî, Bí-kok Kek-bēng Chiàn-cheng tiong, Sycamore Shoals siū tio̍h kap Eng-kok phài ha̍p-chok ê Cherokee-lâng Dragging Canoe chhōa kun kong-ke̍k. North Carolina ê Washington Khu (Washington District) ē-té ū 3-ê kūn tī 1784 nî hun-lî, chiâⁿ chò Franklin Kok (State of Franklin), in āu-lâi koh têng-sin tī 1789 nî ka-ji̍p North Carolina.

1897 nî kiàn-li̍p sin chiu pah-nî ê kì-liām phok-lám-hōe.

1890 nî, North Carolina soah iū chiong chit khu koah hō͘ liân-pang chèng-hú, āu-bóe sán-seng Lâm-sai Léng-thó͘ (Southwest Territory). Chit pō͘ léng-thó͘ tī 1796 nî 6 goe̍h 1 ji̍t, hō͘ chia̍p-siū sêng-li̍p sin chiu-hūn. Kiàn chiu chi̍t pah nî āu, Tennessee tī 1897 nî tī Nashville kí-hêng kí-liām phok-lám-hōe, tiuⁿ-só͘ āu-bóe lâu chò kong-hn̂g.

1933 nî, ūi tio̍h tī Tōa Siau-tiâu sî-kî chhòng-chō khang-khòe, he̍k-chiá sī kái-siàn chúi-chai, hoat-tiān kap ūn-su, lian-pang chèng-hú sêng-li̍p Tennessee Hô-kok Koán-lí-kio̍k (Tennessee Valley Authority; TVA). TVA ê hoat-tiān le̍k, tī Jī-chhù Tāi-chiàn sî-kî thê-kiong Manhattan Kè-ōe chi̍t pō͘-hūn seng-sán kap gián-kiù ê siat-si khai-siat kap î-chhî.

Keng-chè[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Tennessee tī 2014 nî ê GDP sī 300,604 pa̍h-bān bí-kim.[6] Chiàu 2015 nî ê chu-liāu, pún chiu siāng-chē lâng-kang ê sán-gia̍p sī khiān-khong chiàu-kò͘ kap siā-hōe hû-chō͘ (health care and social assistance).[7]

Bûn-hòa[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Tennessee sī Bí-kok chē khoán liû-hêng im-ga̍k hoat-tián ê tiōng-iàu tē-tiám, chhan-chhiūⁿ rock and roll, blues, country, kap rockabilly téng im-ga̍k khoán-chè. Memphis siâⁿ ê Beale Ke (Beale Street) thang kóng sī blues ê hoat-goân-tē. Sun Records kong-si oa-ná tī Memphis, in sī chhan-chhiūⁿ Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis, Roy Orbison, koh ū Charlie Rich khai-sí sū-gia̍p ê só͘-chāi.

Su-pò͘-chuh[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Tūi Su-pò͘-chuh Liân-bêng
Tennessee Titans Bí-kok-sek kha-kiû Kok-ka Kha-kiû Liân-bêng (NFL)
Memphis Grizzlies Nâ-kiû Kok-ka Na-kiû Cho͘-ha̍p (NBA)
Nashville Predators Peng-kiû Kok-ka Kau-kiû Liân-bêng (NHL)
Nashville MLS team Kha-kiû Tōa Kha-kiû Liân-bêng (Major League Soccer)
Memphis Redbirds Na-kiû Thài-pêng-iûⁿ Hái-hōaⁿ Liân-bêng (Pacific Coast League) (Triple-A)
Nashville Sounds Na-kiû Thài-pêng-iûⁿ Hái-hōaⁿ Liân-bêng (Triple-A)
Chattanooga Lookouts Na-kiû Lâm-pō͘ Liân-bêng (Southern League) (Double-A)
Jackson Generals Na-kiû Lâm-pō͘ Liân-bêng (Double-A)
Tennessee Smokies Na-kiû Lâm-pō͘ Liân-bêng (Double-A)
Elizabethton Twins Na-kiû Appalachian Liân-bêng (Rookie)
Greeneville Reds Na-kiû Appalachian Liân-bêng (Rookie)
Johnson City Cardinals Na-kiû Appalachian Liân-bêng (Rookie)
Kingsport Mets Na-kiû Appalachian Liân-bêng (Rookie)
Knoxville Ice Bears Peng-kiû Lâm-pō͘ Chit-gia̍p Kau-kiû Liân-bêng (Southern Professional Hockey League)
Nashville SC Kha-kiû Liân-ha̍p Kha-kiû Liân-bêng
Chattanooga FC Kha-kiû National Premier Soccer League
Knoxville Force Kha-kiû National Premier Soccer League
Memphis City FC Kha-kiû National Premier Soccer League

Kau-thong[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Khòa-chiu kong-lō͘ I-40 tang-sai hong-hiòng keng-kòe pún chiú. Koh tī Memphis ū hun-chi I-240, tī Nashville ū I-440, tī Knoxville ū I-140, tī Knoxville ū I-640. Lēng-gōa, I-26 tùi North Carolina ji̍p--lâi, í Kingsport chò chiong-tiám. Kî-tha ê kong-lō͘ koh ū I-24, I-22, I-65, I-55, I-75 kap I-81 téng-téng.

Chham-khó[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. McKenzie, Kevin (May 25, 2017). "Nashville overtakes Memphis as Tennessee's largest city". The Tennessean. 
  2. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (NST-EST2017-01)" (XLS). U.S. Census Bureau. December 2017. December 24, 2017 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  3. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. December 9, 2016 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. goân-loē-iông tī October 15, 2011 hőng khó͘-pih. October 24, 2011 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  6. Total Gross Domestic Product by State for Tennessee, FRED.
  7. "Major industries with highest employment, by state, 1990-2015". Bureau of Labor Statistics. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2016-08-05. 2018-04-24 khòaⁿ--ê.