Ohio

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Ohio Chiu
State of Ohio
Flag of Ohio State seal of Ohio
Chiu-kî Chiu-chiong
Chhiok-hō: The Buckeye State;
Birthplace of Aviation; The Heart of It All
Piau-gí: With God, all things are possible
Map of the United States with Ohio highlighted
Koan-hong gí-giân De jure: None
De facto: English
Liû-thong gí-giân Eng-gí 93.3%
Spanish 2.2%
Other 4.5%[1]
Chū-bîn chheng-ho͘ Ohioan; Buckeye[2] (colloq.)
Siú-hú
(kiam siāng-tōa siâⁿ-chhī)
Columbus[3][4]
Siāng-tōa to͘-hōe Columbus, Cleveland
Cincinnati
(see footnotes [5] [6])
Bīn-chek Pâi-miâ tē-34
 • Ha̍p-kè 44,825 sq mi
(116,096 km2)
 • Tang-sai khoah 220 lí (355 km)
 • Lâm-pak khoah 220 lí (355 km)
 • % chúi-bīn 8.7
 • Hūi-tō͘ 38° 24′ N to 41° 59′ N
 • Keng-tō͘ 80° 31′ W to 84° 49′ W
Jîn-kháu Pâi-miâ tē-7
 • Ha̍p-kè 11,614,373 (2016 est.)[7]
 • Bi̍t-tō͘ 282/sq mi  (109/km2)
Pâi-miâ tē-10
 • Hō͘-kháu siu-ji̍p tiong-ta̍t $53,301[8] (tē-32)
Koân-tō͘
 • Ko-tiám Campbell Hill[9][10]
1,549 ft (472 m)
 • Pêng-kin 850 ft  (260 m)
 • Kē-tiám Ohio Kang, tī Indiana border[9][10]
455 ft (139 m)
Sin chiu seng-li̍p 1803 nî 3 goe̍h 1 ji̍t[11] (tē-17,
declared retroactively on
August 7, 1953[12])
Chiu-tiúⁿ John Kasich[13] (R)[14]
Hù-chiu-tiúⁿ Mary Taylor[15] (R)[16]
Li̍p-hoat Chóng Chi̍p-hōe
 • Siōng-gī-īⁿ Chham-gī-hōe
 • Hā-gī-īⁿ Chiòng-gī-hōe
Chham-gī-goân Sherrod Brown[17] (D)[17]
Rob Portman (R)
Chiòng-gī-īⁿ tāi-piáu 11-ê Kiōng-hô-tóng, 4-ê Bîn-chú-tóng, 1-ê Khang-se̍k (lia̍t-toaⁿ)
Sî-khu Tang-pō͘: UTC -5/-4
ISO 3166 US-OH
Kán-siá OH[18],
Bāng-chām www.ohio.gov

OhioBí-kok tiong-se-pō͘ ê chi̍t-ê chiu, jîn-kháu tāi-iok ū 11,353,140, pâi-miâ tē 7. I ê siú-hú kap siāng-tōa ê siâⁿ-chhī sī Columbus.

Tē-hō-miâ[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Ohio tāi-seng sī Iroquois-gí tùi Ohio Khe (Ohio River) ê hō-miâ Ohi:yo, goân-gí ê ho͘-im sī "O͘h-híi-io͘h", i sī ho͘ tn̂g-im--ê.

Tī Eng-gí, Ohio chiàu bô kâng khiuⁿ-kháu ū "O͘h-hái-ioh", "Oh-hái-io͘h", ia̍h "Oh-hái-ioh" téng khoán.

Tē-lí[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Ohio ê tang-pêng sī Pennsylvania, sai-pak-pêng sī Michigan, pak-pêng ū Erie Ô͘, sai-pêng sī Indiana, lâi-pêng sī Kentucky, nā tang-lâm-pêng koh ū West Virginia.

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Tùi khó-kó͘ chèng-kù thang thui-chhek, tī Ohio Kok-tē (Ohio Valley) siōng-bô tī Chêng 13,000 nî ê sî chiō ū iû-bo̍k-bîn té seng-oa̍h.

Chêng 1000 kàu 800 nî chêng-āu, chhut-hiān liáu Adena bûn-hòa.

Kàu tāi-khài Chêng 100 nî ê sî, Hopewell lâng mā ka-ji̍p Adena chò chi̍t hūn.

1803 nî 2 goe̍h 19, Bí-kok Chóng-thóng Thomas Jefferson chhiam-sú kok-hōe hoat-àn, ún-chún Ohio ê pian-kài kap hiàn-hoat. Chóng-sī Ohio it-ti̍t bô chèng-sek hō͘ kok-hōe chiap-siū chò tē 17-ê chiu. Kàu 1953 nî ê sî, Ohio ê kok-hōe gī-oân George H. Bender thê-chhut àn-kiāⁿ, iau-kiû kok-hōe jīn 1803 nî 3 goe̍h 1 ji̍t, iā to̍h sī Ohio Gī-hōe thâu pái chi̍p-hōe ê sî-kan, chò ka-ji̍p liân-pang ê ji̍t-chí. Kâng nî ê 8 goe̍h 7 ji̍t, Chóng-thóng Eisenhower chhiam-tēng gī-koat siat 1803 nî 3 goe̍h 1 ji̍t chò ka-ji̍p liân-bêng chi ji̍t.

Ohio ê óa tī tiong-ng ê chē-chí kap i-ê jîn-kháu, hō͘ i tī Bí-kok Lōe-chiàn chiàm tiōng-iàu tē-ūi.

Keng-chè[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Ohio tī 2015 nî ê GDP sī 610,928 pa̍h-bān bí-kim.[19] Chiàu 2015 nî ê chu-liāu, pún chiu siāng-chē lâng-kang ê sán-gia̍p sī khiān-khong chiàu-kò͘ kap siā-hōe hû-chō͘ (health care and social assistance).[20]

Chham-khó[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder2.census.gov. 
  2. "Why is Ohio known as the Buckeye State and why are Ohioans known as Buckeyes?" (PDF). goân-loē-iông (PDF) tī April 28, 2008 hőng khó͘-pih. April 28, 2008 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  3. "Ohio Quick Facts". Ohio Historical Society. March 26, 2009 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  4. "City of Columbus: Fun Facts". City of Columbus, Ohio. 2006. goân-loē-iông tī May 1, 2009 hőng khó͘-pih. March 26, 2009 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  5. U.S. Census: Columbus metro bigger than that of Cleveland, gaining on Cincinnati Retrieved March 24, 2018
  6. According to the U.S. Census July 2013 Annual Estimate Archived June 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., Greater Cleveland is the largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) that is entirely within Ohio, with a population of 2,064,725; and Greater Cincinnati is the largest MSA that is at least partially within Ohio, with a population of 2,137,406, approximately 25% of which is in Indiana or Kentucky. Which MSA is the largest in Ohio depends on the context.
  7. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. June 22, 2017. June 22, 2017 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  8. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. December 9, 2016 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. goân-loē-iông tī July 22, 2012 hőng khó͘-pih. October 24, 2011 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  11. Mary Stockwell. Ohio Adventure. Gibbs Smith. p. 88. ISBN 978-1-4236-2382-3. 
  12. "Creation of the Board of Elections". Mahoning County Board of Elections. goân-loē-iông tī December 1, 2008 hőng khó͘-pih. March 25, 2009 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  13. "The Governors of Ohio". Ohio Historical Society. January 8, 2007. goân-loē-iông tī June 5, 2011 hőng khó͘-pih. March 25, 2009 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  14. Hershey, William (November 8, 2006). "Strickland becomes first Dem governor since '91". Middletown Journal. goân-loē-iông tī May 12, 2011 hőng khó͘-pih. March 25, 2009 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  15. "About Lee". Office of the Governor. 2009. goân-loē-iông tī March 23, 2009 hőng khó͘-pih. March 25, 2009 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  16. "Democrats Jennifer Brunner, Lee Fisher to run for U.S. Senate". Associated Press. February 17, 2009. goân-loē-iông tī July 29, 2012 hőng khó͘-pih. March 27, 2009 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Sherrod Brown". Washington Post. goân-loē-iông tī December 25, 2008 hőng khó͘-pih. March 27, 2009 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  18. "Official USPS Abbreviations". United States Postal Service. 1998. goân-loē-iông tī March 28, 2009 hőng khó͘-pih. March 26, 2009 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  19. "Total Gross Domestic Product by State for Ohio". FRED. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. 2016-12-07. 2017-04-09 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  20. "Major industries with highest employment, by state, 1990-2015". Bureau of Labor Statistics. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2016-08-05. 2017-04-09 khòaⁿ--ê.