Kansas

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Thiàu khì: Se̍h chāmchhiau-chhoē
Kansas Chiu
State of Kansas
Flag of Kansas State seal of Kansas
Chiu-kî Chiu-chiong
Chhiok-hō: Hiòng-ji̍t-kûi Chiu The Sunflower State (koan-hong);
Sió-be̍h Chiu The Wheat State
Thê-jī: Ad astra per aspera (Latin, ì-sù sī "keng-le̍k kan-khó͘ tit tio̍h chheⁿ-táu")
Map of the United States with Kansas highlighted
Koan-hong gí-giân Eng-gí[1]
Chū-bîn chheng-ho͘ Kansan (Eng-gí)
Siú-hú Topeka
Siāng-tōa siâⁿ-chhī Wichita
Siāng-tōa to͘-hōe Kansas City To͘-chhī-khian (pō͘-hūn ùi chiu gōa)
Bīn-chek Pâi-miâ tē-15
 • Ha̍p-kè 82,277 sq mi
(213,096 km2)
 • Tang-sai khoah 417 lí (645 km)
 • Lâm-pak khoah 211 lí (340 km)
 • % chúi-bīn 0.56
 • Hūi-tō͘ 37° N to 40° N
 • Keng-tō͘ 94° 35′ W to 102° 3′ W
Jîn-kháu Pâi-miâ tē-34
 • Ha̍p-kè 2,904,021 (2014 nî ko͘)[2]
 • Bi̍t-tō͘ 35.1/sq mi  (13.5/km2)
Pâi-miâ tē-40
 • Ka-hō͘ siu-ji̍p tiong-ta̍t $50,177 (tē-25)
Koân-tō͘
 • Ko-tiám Mount Sunflower[3][4]
4,041 ft (1232 m)
 • Pêng-kin 2,000 ft  (610 m)
 • Kē-tiám Verdigris River, oa̍h Oklahoma pian-kài[3][4]
679 ft (207 m)
Siat chiu chìn-chêng Kansas Léng-thó͘
Sin chiu seng-li̍p 1861 nî 1 goe̍h 29 ji̍t (tē-34-ê)
Chiu-tiúⁿ Sam Brownback (R)
Hù-chiu-tiúⁿ Jeff Colyer (R)
Li̍p-hoat Kansas Li̍p-hoat-hōe (legislature)
 • Siōng-gī-īⁿ Chham-gī-hōe
 • Hā-gī-īⁿ Chiòng-gī-hōe
Chham-gī-goân Pat Roberts (R)
Jerry Moran (R)
Chiòng-gī-īⁿ tāi-piáu Tim Huelskamp (R)
Lynn Jenkins (R)
Kevin Yoder (R)
Mike Pompeo (R) (lia̍t-toaⁿ)
Sî-khu  
 • Tōa-hūn Central: UTC −6/−5
 • Se-pō 4-ê kūn (Hamilton, Greeley, Wallace, kap Sherman) Mountain: UTC −7/−6
ISO 3166 US-KS
Kán-siá KS,
Bāng-chām www.kansas.gov

KansasBí-kok ê chi̍t-ê chiu. Siú-húTopeka. Siāng toā ê siâⁿ-chhī sī Wichita. Chiu lāi chóng jîn-kháu 290 bān chó͘-iū, biān-chek 213,096 pêng-hong kong-lí. Pún chiu tōa-pō͘-hūn sī Bí-kok keng-kòe 1804 nî Louisiana Bóe-tē tit tioh, āu-lâi tī 1854 nî sêng-lip Kansas Léng-thó͘, koh tī 1861 nî siat chò chit chiu.

Tē-lí[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Kansas tang-pak-pêng ê pian-kài ū cha-put-to 121 kong-lí sī àn-chiàu Missouri Hô só͘ ōe. Kansas Hô (chāi-tē kiò "Kaw"), tī Kansas Chhī kap Missouri Hô sio-chiap.

Tùi Colorado lâu kòe--lâi ê Arkansas Hô mā ū keng-kòe Kansas chiu ê sai-pō͘ kap lâm-pō͘, ū 800 kong-lí tn̂g lóng tī Kansas chiu lāi.

Kansas tē-lí siōng siāng koân ê só͘-chāi sī Mount Sunflower, koân-tō͘ ū 1231 m.

Bí-kok sòa-chiap (contiguous) thó͘-tē, iah chioh sī bô hâm Hawaii, Alaska kap kî-tha hái-gōa niá-thó͘, ê tē-lí-ha̍k tiong-sim sī tī pún chiu ê Lebanon siâⁿ, Kansas/Nebraska kài-sòaⁿ lâm-pêng tāi-iok 12 lí ê só͘-chāi. Kun-kù 1918 nî tiāu-cha keng-hūi-tō͘ sī 39°50′N 98°35′W, chóng-sī si̍t-chè tiong-sim sī sûi-sî siū hái-hōaⁿ-sòaⁿ téng-téng in-sò͘ piàn-tōng--ê.

Khì-hāu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Chú-iàu tī joa̍h-thiⁿ kap chhun-thiⁿ, Kanasas in-ūi tú-hó tī bô-kâng khì-thoân sio-chiap ê só͘-chāi, chia sî-siông sán-seng toa-hong-hō͘, kî-tiong ū-ê koh ē ín-khí kńg-lê-á-hong, bí tang tāi-khài ū 50 pái.[5]

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Kansas chá-liân sī Bí-chiu Goân-chū-bîn seng-oa̍h ê só͘-chāi. Kun-kù khó-kó gián-kiù, tāi-khài chêng 7000 nî ê sî, chá-kî lia̍h kó͘-chhiūⁿ (mammoth) ê Bí-chiu lâng chìn-ji̍p kàu Kansas. Tī chiu lāi, î-it khó-kó͘ chhōe tio̍h ê pueblo (Bí-chiu goân-chū-bîn ê chhī-ke) sī El Quartelejo.

Sāng chá tī hiān-sî Kansas oa̍h-tāng ê Au-chiu-lâng sī Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, i tī 1541 nî lâi kàu tong-tē.

1803 nî, tōa-hūn ê hiān-tāi Kansas hō͘ Bí-kok keng-kòe Louisiana Bóe-tē (Louisiana Purchase) siu khì. Chóng-sī se-lâm-pō͘ kàu 1848 í-chêng iá koh sī Se-pan-gâ, Be̍k-se-ko kap Texas Kiōng-hô-kok ê léng-thó͘.

1812 ni kàu 1821 nî kî-kan, Kansas sī Missouri Léng-thó͘ (Missouri Territory) ê chi̍t pō͘-hūn. Santa Fe Thong-lǒ͘ (Santa Fe Trail) tī 1821 kàu 1880 nî chi kan ū keng-kòe Kansas, ē-sái kap Missouri koh-ū New Mexico ū seng-lí lâi-óng.

1827 nî, Fort Leavenworth khí-chō, sī pe̍h-lâng tī chit ūi thâu chi̍t-ê tn̂g-kî ê chhī-ke. Āu-lâi Kansas–Nebraska Hoat-àn (Kansas–Nebraska Act) tī 1854 nî thong-kòe, Kansas Léng-thó͘ sêng-li̍p.

Lawrence sóe-siâⁿ.

1861 nî, Kansas hòng-khì lō͘-lē chè-tō͘, piàn chò Bí-kok tē 34-ê chiu. 1863 nî, 8 goe̍h 21 ji̍t, Bí-kok Lōe-chiàn kî-kan, William Quantrill chhōa lâng thâi ji̍p Lawrence siâⁿ, chō-sêng pah kúi lâng sí-bông. Lōe-chiàn siang-hong lóng hoán-tùi i-ê hêng-tōng.

Lōe-chiàn kiat-sok liáu-āu, chin chōe O͘-lâng lî-khui Bí-kok lâm-pō͘, tī Kansas kiàn-li̍p siā-khu. Lēng-gōa Chisholm Thong-lō͘ (Chisholm Trail) ê khai-siat hō͘ Kansas chìn-ji̍p liáu Se-pō͘ sî-tāi.

1881 nî, Kansas tī Bí-kok kok chiú tiong thâu chi̍t-ê chiap-siū chi̍t kóa kàu-hōe ê iau-kiû kìm-chí chiú-lūi, kìm-lēng kàu 1948 nî ê sî hùi-tû.

Kansas sī 20 sè-kí chá-kî chìn-pō͘ ūn-tōng (progressive movement) ê tiong-sim chit it.

Jîn-kháu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Kun-kù Bí-kok Phó͘-cha Kio̍k (United States Census Bureau) ê ko͘-sǹg, Kansas tī 2014 nî 7 goe̍h chhe jîn-khàu ū 2,904,021 lâng.

Tī 2010 nî ê chu-liāu tiong, Kansas 83.8% ê jîn-kháu sī pe̍h-lâng (kî-tiong 77.5% sī hui Se-pan-gâ hē); 5.9% sī O͘-lâng he̍k-chiá Hui-chiu-hē Bí-kok-lâng, 1% sī Bí-chiu goân-chū-bîn; koh ū 2.4% sī A-chiu-lâng.

Kun-kù 2014 nî Pew Gián-kiù Tiong-sim ê tiâu-cha, Kansas jîn-kháu tiong 76% sī Ki-tok-kàu, lāi-bīn koh ū 31% sī Ho̍k-im-phài Sin-kàu, 24% sī Chú-liû-phài Sin-kàu (Mainline Protestant), 2% sī O͘-lâng Sin-kàu, 18% sī Thian-chú-kàu, 1% sī Mormon, 1% sī Ia-hô-hoa Kiàn-chèng-jîn; lēng-gōa, hui-Ki-tok-kàu sìn-gióng chiàm 4%, bô tek-pia̍t sìn-gióng chiá chiàm 20%.[6]

Keng-chè[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Kansas tī 2014 nî ê GDP sī 147,075 pa̍h-bān bí-kim.[7]

Chit chiu chú-iàu lông-sán ū , iûⁿ-á, be̍h-á, lô͘-sé, n̂g-tāu, mî-hoe, hoan-be̍h téng-téng. Tang-pō͘ sī Bí-kok chú-iàu ngó͘-kok ê sán-tē.

Kang-gia̍p hong-bīn, ū ūn-su lēng-kiāⁿ, hui-hêng-ki, si̍t-phín ka-kang, chhut-pán, hòa-ha̍k téng chhut-sán. Lēng-gōa, kansas mā sī Bí-kok sán chio̍h-iû pâi tē-8 ê chiu.

Kau-thong[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Kansas ū nn̄g tiâu chiu-chè ko-sok-tō-lō͘ (Interstate Highway): I-70 kap I-35. I-70 chú-iàu sī tang-sai hong-hiòng, ē-tàng liân khì Colorado ê Denver kap Missouri ê Kansas City, keng-kòe ê chiu lāi siâⁿ-chhī ū Colby, Hays, Salina, Junction City, Topeka, Lawrence, Bonner Springs, kap Kansas City. Nā I-35 sī lâm-pak hiòng, liân khì Oklahoma ê Oklahoma City kap Iowa ê Des Moines, keng-kòe chiu lāi ê Wichita, El Dorado, Emporia, Ottawa, kap Kansas City téng siâⁿ.

Bûn-hòa[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Bí-kok bûn-ha̍k tiong, Kansas chin chhut-miâ ê chi̍t hāng tāi-chì, sī chò 1900 nî siáu-soat Oz ê Tōa Su̍t-sū (The Wonderful Wizard of Oz) chú-kak Dorothy Gale ê kò͘-hiong. 1939 nî kái-pian ê tiān-iáⁿ The Wizard of Oz lāi, ū chi̍t kù kháu-pe̍h kóng "Lán í-keng bô tī Kansas lāi--ah" (We're not in Kansas anymore), āu-lâi piàn Eng-gí ê chi̍t kù bêng-giân, piáu-sī ka-tī ji̍p-khì liáu sin khoan-kéng.

Chham-khó[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]