Nevada

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Nevada Chiu
State of Nevada
Flag of Nevada State seal of Nevada
Chiu-kî Chiu-chiong
Chhiok-hō: Silver State (koan-hong);
Sagebrush State; Battle Born State
Piau-gí: All for Our Country
Map of the United States with Nevada highlighted
Koan-hong gí-giân Hoat-lu̍t-siōng: Bô
Sū-si̍t-siōng: Eng-gí
Chū-bîn chheng-ho͘ Nevadan
Siú-hú Carson City
Siāng-tōa siâⁿ-chhī Las Vegas
Siāng-tōa to͘-hōe Las Vegas–Paradise, NV MSA
(Clark County)
Bīn-chek Pâi-miâ tē-7
 • Ha̍p-kè 110,577 sq mi
(286,380 km2)
 • Tang-sai khoah 322 lí (519 km)
 • Lâm-pak khoah 492 lí (787 km)
 • % chúi-bīn 0.72
 • Hūi-tō͘ 35° N kàu 42° N
 • Keng-tō͘ 114° 2′ W kàu 120° W
Jîn-kháu Pâi-miâ tē-34
 • Ha̍p-kè 2,940,058 (2016 est.)[1]
 • Bi̍t-tō͘ 26.8/sq mi  (10.3/km2)
Pâi-miâ tē-42
 • Ka-hō͘ siu-ji̍p tiong-ta̍t $52,008 [2] (tē-34)
Koân-tō͘
 • Ko-tiám Boundary Peak[3][4][5][lower-alpha 1]
13,147 ft (4007.1 m)
 • Pêng-kin 5,500 ft  (1680 m)
 • Kē-tiám Colorado Kang óa California border[4][5]
481 ft (147 m)
Siat chiu chìn-chêng Nevada Territory, Utah Territory, New Mexico Territory
Sin chiu seng-li̍p 1864 nî 10 goe̍h 31 ji̍t (tē-36)
Chiu-tiúⁿ Brian Sandoval (R)
Hù-chiu-tiúⁿ Mark Hutchison (R)
Li̍p-hoat Nevada Legislature
 • Siōng-gī-īⁿ Chham-gī-hōe
 • Hā-gī-īⁿ Chiòng-gī-hōe
Chham-gī-goân Dean Heller (R)
Catherine Cortez Masto (D)
Chiòng-gī-īⁿ tāi-piáu 1: Dina Titus (D)
2: Mark Amodei (R)
3: Jacky Rosen (D)
4: Ruben Kihuen (D) (lia̍t-toaⁿ)
Sî-khu  
 • state Pacific: UTC −8/−7
 • West Wendover Mountain: UTC −7/−6
ISO 3166 US-NV
Kán-siá NV, Nev.
Bāng-chām www.nv.gov

NevadaBí-kok ê chi̍t-ê chiu. I ê siú-húCarson City, siāng toā ê siâⁿ-chhī sī Las Vegas.

Tē-lí[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Tōa-hūn ê Nevada lóng ūi tī leh té-lí-ha̍k siōng ê Lap-tē kap Soaⁿ-tē Tē-hng (Basin and Range Province), chiu lâi ū kúi-a chōa lâm-pak hong-hiòng ê soaⁿ-lêng.

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Francisco Garcés sī thâu chi̍t ūi chìn-ji̍p pún tē-khu ê Au-chiu-lâng. Nevada kha-chá sī Se-pan-gâ Tè-kok ê Sin Se-pan-gâ léng-thó͘ chi̍t pō͘-hūn, 1804 nî ê sî, hun hō͘ Téng California (Alta California) koán-lí. Kàu 1821 nî, Mexico To̍k-li̍p Chiàn-cheng sî-kî hō͘ Mexico ōe chò chi̍t khu léng-thó͘. Liáu-āu, ū 1827 nî Jedediah Smith kòe Las Vegas Valley; koh ū Peter Skene Ogden tī 1828 nî iân Humboldt Hô lú-hêng.

Kàu 1847 nî ê sî, Mormon kàu-tô͘ kiàn-li̍p Deseret Chiu ê sî-chūn, in mā chú-tiuⁿ liáu kui-ê Nevada tē-hng. 1855 nî, William Bringhurst kap 29 miâ ê Mormon thoân-tō tùi Utah kòe pún tē-khu óa-kīn Las Vegas ê só͘-chāi khí siâⁿ, it-ti̍t khòng-chè kàu 1859 nî chó-iū.

Bí-kok Mexico Chiàn-cheng liáu-āu nn̄g kok chhiam-tēng Guadalupe-Hidalgo Tiâu-iok, chō-sêng Mexico ùi 1848 nî sit-khí Téng California. Bí-kok soah siat pún tē-hng chò léng-thó͘ lâi koán-lí. 1850 nî Utah Léng-thó͘ sêng-li̍p ê sî, Nevada sī lāi-té chi̍t pō͘-hūn, kàu 1861 nî 3 goe̍h 2 hō, Nevada Léng-thó͘ kiàn-li̍p.

Goân-lâi Nevada kap āu-lâi hoān-ûi pí-kàu, nâ-sek sī 1861 nî ê sî-chūn.

Ùi 1864 nî, Nevada sin siat chò Bí-kok tē-36 chiu, jî-chhiá sui ē-tàng chham-ka chóng-thóng kap kok-hōe soán-kí, hit tong-sî tú hó sī Abraham Lincoln chú-pīn beh soán liân-jīm. 1866 nî ê sî, pún chiu sin ka-ji̍p tang-pêng pún-lâi sio̍k Utah Léng-thó͘ ê thó͘-tē. Kàu 1867 nî 1 goe̍h 18, koh tùi Arizona Léng-thó͘ sin siu chi̍t pō͘-hūn, goân-sêng kin-á-ji̍t Nevada ê hoān-ûi.

Ū chi̍t chām khòng-gia̍p ùi Nevada ê keng-chè chin tiōng-iàu, chi-chhî liáu pún tē-hng ê sán-gia̍p, m̄ koh kàu 19 sè-kí bóe-kî, khòng-gia̍p kap jîn-kháu lóng chiām-chiām soe-lám khì. Chóng-sī kòe ka 1900 nî í-āu, Tonopah, Goldfield kap Rhyolite téng gîn-khòng ê khai-hoat, koh chi̍t kái chin-ka Nevada ê jîn-kháu.

Ùi chi̍t kóa khòng-siâⁿ, put siū koán-lí ê poah-kiáu oa̍h-tāng í-keng chin phó͘-phiàn. Sui-jiân tī 1909 nî hō͘ choân-kok ê hoán kiáu hān-chè; kàu 1931 nî ê Gōa Siau-tiâu sî-kî, koh têng-sin hong ha̍p-hoat-hòa. Bô lōa kú, liân-pang chéng-hú chún-pī beh ùi Nevada khí-siat sin chúi-pà, ia̍h chiō sī hiān-chāi ê Hoover Chúi-pà.

1951 nî 1 goe̍h 11, Las Vegas ê sai-pak-pêng 105 kong-lí ê tē-tiám, khai-siat liáu chi̍t ūi hu̍t-chú bú-khì chhì-giām-tiûⁿ, ia̍h chiō sī Nevada Chhì-giām-tē (Nevada Test Site). Siāng bóe chi̍t kài ê tāi-khì-chân chhì-giām (tē-bīn í-siōng ê hu̍t-chú chà-tàn po̍k-chà) sī 1962 nî 7 goe̍h 17; siāng bóe pái ê tē-hā chhì-giām sī 1992 nî 9 goe̍h 23.

Keng-chè[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Nevada tī 2014 nî ê chiu-lāi seng-sán chóng-gia̍h sī 135,038 pa̍h-bān bí-kim.[6] Chiàu 2015 nî ê chu-liāu, pún chiu siāng-chē lâng chò ê khang-khòe sī chia̍h-tòa ho̍k-bū (accommodation and food services) sán-gia̍p.[7]

Chù-kái[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. The distinction of highest point in Nevada goes to the summit of Boundary Peak, so named because it is very near the Nevada-California border, at the northern terminus of the White Mountains. However, Boundary Peak can be considered a subsidiary summit of Montgomery Peak, whose summit is in California, since the topographic prominence of Boundary Peak is only 253 feet (77 m), which falls under the often used 300-foot (91 m) cutoff for an independent peak. Also, Boundary Peak is less than 1 mile (1.6 km) away from its higher neighbor. Hence Boundary Peak can be described as not being wholly within Nevada. By contrast, the prominence of Wheeler Peak, 13,063 feet (3,982 m), is quite large and in fact it is the twelfth largest in the contiguous United States. Wheeler Peak is the highest point in a radius of more than 200 square miles (520 km2) and is entirely within the state of Nevada.

Chham-khó[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. June 22, 2017. June 22, 2017 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  2. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. December 9, 2016 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  3. "Boundary". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. October 20, 2011 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. goân-loē-iông tī October 15, 2011 hőng khó͘-pih. October 24, 2011 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  6. Total Gross Domestic Product by State for Nevada, FRED.
  7. "Major industries with highest employment, by state, 1990-2015". Bureau of Labor Statistics. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2016-08-05. 2017-01-23 khòaⁿ--ê.