Arizona

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Thiàu khì: se̍h chāmchhiau-chhoē
Arizona Chiu
State of Arizona
Flag of Arizona State seal of Arizona
Chiu-kî Chiu-chiong
Chhiok-hō: The Grand Canyon State; The Copper State
Piau-gí: Ditat Deus (Siū Sîn chō͘-hù)
Chiu-koa: "The Arizona March Song" kap "Arizona"
Map of the United States with Arizona highlighted
Koan-hong gí-giân Eng-gí
Liû-thong gí-giân

Chiàu 2010 nî

  • Eng-gí 74.1.%
  • Se-pan-gâ-gí 19.5%
  • Navajo-gí 1.9%
  • Kî-tha 4.5 %
Chū-bîn chheng-ho͘ Arizonan[1]
Siú-hú
(kiam siāng-tōa siâⁿ-chhī)
Phoenix
Siāng-tōa to͘-hōe Phoenix tō͘-hōe-khu
Bīn-chek Pâi-miâ tē-6
 • Ha̍p-kè 113,990[2] sq mi
(295,234 km2)
 • Tang-sai khoah 310 lí (500 km)
 • Lâm-pak khoah 400 lí (645 km)
 • % chúi-bīn 0.35
 • Hūi-tō͘ 31°  20′ N to 37° N
 • Keng-tō͘ 109°  03′ W to 114°  49′ W
Jîn-kháu Pâi-miâ tē-14
 • Ha̍p-kè 6,828,065 (2015 nî ko͘-sǹg)[3]
 • Bi̍t-tō͘ 57/sq mi  (22/km2)
Pâi-miâ tē-33
Koân-tō͘
 • Ko-tiám Humphreys Peak[4][5][6]
12,637 ft (3852 m)
 • Pêng-kin 4,100 ft  (1250 m)
 • Kē-tiám Colorado Hô (Sonora pian-kài)[5][6]
72 ft (22 m)
Siat chiu chìn-chêng Arizona Territory
Sin chiu seng-li̍p 1912 nî 2 goe̍h 14 (tē-48)
Chiu-tiúⁿ Doug Ducey (R)
Secretary of State Michele Reagan (R)
Li̍p-hoat Arizona Li̍p-hoat-hōe
 • Siōng-gī-īⁿ Chham-gī-īⁿ
 • Hā-gī-īⁿ Chiòng-gī-īⁿ
Chham-gī-goân John McCain (R)
Jeff Flake (R)
Chiòng-gī-īⁿ tāi-piáu 5-ê Kiông-hô-tóng; 4-ê Bîn-chú-tóng (lia̍t-toaⁿ)
Sî-khu  
 • most of state Mountain: UTC -7 (no DST)
 • Navajo Nation Mountain: UTC -7/-6
ISO 3166 US-AZ
Kán-siá AZ, Ariz.
Bāng-chām www.az.gov

ArizonaBí-kok ê chi̍t-ê chiu. I ê siú-hú kap siāng-tōa ê siâⁿ-chhī sī Phoenix.

Arizona tī 1912 nî ka-ji̍p Bí-kok Liân-pang, chiâⁿ-chò Bí-kok tē 48-ê chiu.

Grand Canyon Kok-ka Kong-hn̂g tiàm-tī Arizona.

Tē-hō-miâ[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Arizona sī lâi-chū chá-chêng ê Se-pan-gâ hō-miâ Arizonac, pún jī goân-thâu sī O'odham-gí ê alĭ ṣonak, ì-sù sī "sió chúi-chôaⁿ," chi̍t khai-sí sī chí Planchas de Plata gîn-khòng hū-kīn tē-hng.

Tû-liáu í-siōng ké-soeh, mā ū chi̍t khoán kóng-hoat, sī jīn-ûi chit-ê miâ goân-lâi sī lâi chia chhī iûⁿ ê Basque lâng ê chi̍t kù haritz ona, ì-sū kóng "hó chhiūⁿ-chhiū."

Tē-lí[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Arizona ūi tī leh Bí-kok ê sai-lâm-pō͘, sī "Sì-kak" (Four Corners) chiu hūn chi it. Chiàu biān-chek lâi sǹg, Arizona sī Bí-kok pâi tē-6 tōa ê chiu-hūn, ū 295,000 pêng-hong kong-lí; tû-liáu 15% ê sú-jîn thó͘-tē, kî-thah lóng sī kong-ka sim-lîm, kong-hn̂g tē, chiu ê sìn-thok thó͘-tē kap goân-chū-bîn pó-liû-tē.

Tī Arizona lâm-pō͘ chú-iàu sī soa-bo̍k kap soaⁿ-tē. Pún chiu óa tī Bí-kok pian-kài, tī lâm-pêng tio̍h sī Mexico ê Sonora Chiu.

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Arizona goân-lâi ū Hohokam, Mogollon, Pueblo bûn-hòa chē khoán ê goân-chū bîn-cho̍k. Só͘ chai-iáⁿ Au-chiu-lâng thâu chi̍t pái kap chā-tē ê lâng chiap-chhio̍k, sī Se-pan-gâ-hē Hoat-kok-lâng Marcos de Niza ùi 1539 nî ê sî-chūn. Ì thàm-châ liáu chi̍t pō͘-hūn kin-á-ji̍t ê Arizon tē-hng. 1540 nî kàu 1542 nî kî-kan, koh ū Francisco Vázquez de Coronado ji̍p lâi pún tē-khu, i ê bo̍k-te̍k sī chhōe thoân-soat ê "nn̂g-kim-siâⁿ" Cíbola.

Sòa--lo̍h-lâi koh ū Ia-so͘-hōe ê soan-tō-su Eusebio Kino ji̍p khì pún tē-hng pò͘-kàu; 1690 nî-tāi kàu 18 sè-kí chá-kî, chin chē ūi Pimería Alta (óa kin-á-ji̍t Arizona lâm-pō͘ kap Sonora pak-pō͘) goân-chū-bîn to tòe sìn Ki-to̍k. Se-pan-gâ-lâng koh tī 1752 nî ê sî tī Tubac khí siâⁿ, kàu 1775 iū khí Tucson. Tong 1821 nî Mexico to̍k-li̍p ê sî-chūn, Arizona tio̍h piàn chò sī in Nueva California léng-thó͘ ê chi̍t hūn. Se-pan-gâ-cho̍k kap mestizo-lâng (Se-pan-gâ-lâng kap Mexico goân-chū-bîn saⁿ-lām ê bîn-cho̍k) hit-chūn óa-ná iá koh tī pún tē khiā-khí.

1847 nî, Bí Be̍k Chiàn-cheng khai-sí, chiàm-niá liáu Mexico siâⁿ-chhī ê Bí-kok, tio̍h iau-kiû pau-koat āu-lâi Arizona chāi-lāi ê thó͘-tē. Bí-kok lēng-gōa mā keng-kòe Gadsden Siu-bé (Gadsden Purchase) ê hong-sek tit tio̍h Gila Hô í lâm ê thó͘-tē.

Arizona pún-té sī New Mexico Léng-thó͘ ê chi̍t hūn; 1861 nî 3 goe̍h 16, New Mexico lâm-pêng pun chhut-lâi sin siat Arizona Pang-liân Léng-thó͘ (Confederate Territory of Arizona). Chit sî tng sī Bí-kok Lōe-chiàn sî-kî, pang-liân-kok chóng-thóng Jefferson Davis tī 1862 nî 2 goe̍h 14 chiap-siū sin-ê Arizona léng-thó͘. Ka-ji̍p liáu pang-liân-kok liáu-āu, Arizona chi-chhî in lōe-chiàn lāi ê jîn-bé kap chu-goân. Tong-sî koh chhut-hiān Arizona Thàm-bé Kio̍k (Arizona Scout Company) chham-ú chiàn-cheng. 1863 nî, liân-pang chèng-hú sin-siat Arizona Léng-thó͘, sī tùi goân-lâi ê New Mexico Léng-thó͘ pun--chhut-lâi ê sai-pòaⁿ-pêng. 19 sè-kí bóe-kî, Brigham Young phài liáu chi̍t kóa Mormon kàu-tô͘ hiòng Arizona hoat-tián, in kiàn-li̍p liáu pí-lūn Mesa, Snowflake, Heber, Safford téng chng-thâu.

1912 nî 2 goe̍h 14, Arizona sêng-li̍p chò Bí-kok ê chi̍t chiu, sī tē 48-ê chiu, mā sī liân-sio̍k pō͘-hūn ê siāng bóe chi̍t chiu. 1910 nî kàu 1920 nî kî-kan, sī Mexico Kek-bēng ê sî-chūn, chin-chē kau-chiàn tio̍h hoat-seng ùi Arizona pian-kài, bē-chió Arizona ê lâng mā chham-ka chia ê chiàn-tò͘. 1918 nî hit kái ê Ambos Nogales Chiàn-tò͘ (Battle of Ambos Nogales), sī Mexico kap Bí-kok kun-tūi ê sio-thâi, té-bé Bí-kok chiàn iâⁿ.

Tōa Siau-tiâu sî-kî, goân-lâi hoat-ta̍t ê mî-hoe-gia̍p kap tâng-khòng-gia̍p siū tio̍h phò-hoāi. M̄-koh tông-sî tùi 1920 kiam 30 nî-tāi, koan-kong gia̍p hoán-tian chò Arizona chāi-tē tiōng-iàu ê sán-gia̍p.

Kàu Tē-jī-chhù Sè-kài Tāi-chiàn ê sî, Arizona hông tòng chò sī Tek-kok chiàn-siû (prisoners of war) kiam Ji̍t-pún-hē Bí-kok-lâng siu-iông-só͘ ê só͘-chāi-tē. Tī Arizona hit-chūn koh ū Phenix Indian Ha̍k-hāu, siu Bí-kok goân-chū-bîn ê gín-á ji̍p khì chia̍p-siū Se-iûⁿ-sek ê kàu-io̍k, éng-hióng in-ê gí-giân kap chong-kàu.

Sè-kài Tāi-chiàn kiat-sok liáu-āu, Arizon ê jîn-kháu kap sán-gia̍p lóng sìn-sok hoat-tián, siū tio̍h khong-tiâu ki-su̍t ê phó͘-phiān, chāi-tē ê seng-oa̍h mā piàn khah sù-sī. 1970 nî ê sî, chiu lāi jîn-kháu chin-ka kàu 175.2 bān.

Keng-chè[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Arizona tī 2014 nî ê chiu-lāi seng-sán chóng-gia̍h sī 286,554 pa̍h-bān bí-kim.[7] Kin-á-ji̍t Arizona ê sán-gia̍p siāng chú-iàu ê pau-koat ū kiān-khong chiàu-kò͘, ūn-su, kap chèng-hú siat-si. Nā le̍k-sú-siōng, tâng-khòng, mî-hoe, chhī-gû téng sū-giap sī chin hoat-ta̍t.

Siòng-phìⁿ[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Chham-khó[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]