West Virginia

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West Virginia Chiu
State of West Virginia
Flag of West Virginia State seal of West Virginia
Chiu-kî Chiu-chiong
Chhiok-hō: Mountain State
Piau-gí: Montani semper liberi
(Eng-gí: Mountaineers Are Always Free)
Map of the United States with West Virginia highlighted
Koan-hong gí-giân De jure: Eng-gí[1]
Chū-bîn chheng-ho͘ West Virginian
Siú-hú
(kiam siāng-tōa siâⁿ-chhī)
Charleston
Siāng-tōa to͘-hōe Huntington
Bīn-chek Pâi-miâ tē-41
 • Ha̍p-kè 24,230 sq mi
(62,755 km2)
 • Tang-sai khoah 130 lí (210 km)
 • Lâm-pak khoah 240 lí (385 km)
 • % chúi-bīn 0.6
 • Hūi-tō͘ 37° 12′ N to 40° 39′ N
 • Keng-tō͘ 77° 43′ W to 82° 39′ W
Jîn-kháu Pâi-miâ tē-38
 • Ha̍p-kè 1,831,102 (2016 nî ko͘-kè.)[2]
 • Bi̍t-tō͘ 77.1/sq mi  (29.8/km2)
Pâi-miâ tē-29
 • Hō͘-kháu siu-ji̍p tiong-ta̍t $42,824[3] (tē-48)
Koân-tō͘
 • Ko-tiám Spruce Knob[4][5][6]
4863 ft (1482 m)
 • Pêng-kin 1,513 ft  (461 m)
 • Kē-tiám Potomac Kang, tī Virginia pian-kài[5][6]
240 ft (73 m)
Siat chiu chìn-chêng Virginia
Sin chiu seng-li̍p 1863 nî 6 goe̍h 20 ji̍t (tē-35)
Chiu-tiúⁿ Jim Justice (R)
Hù-chiu-tiúⁿ Mitch Carmichael (R)
Li̍p-hoat West Virginia Li̍p-hoat-hōe
 • Siōng-gī-īⁿ Goân-ló-hōe
 • Hā-gī-īⁿ Tāi-piáu-hōe
Chham-gī-goân Joe Manchin (D)
Shelley Moore Capito (R)
Chiòng-gī-īⁿ tāi-piáu 1: David McKinley (R)
2: Alex Mooney (R)
3: Evan Jenkins (R) (lia̍t-toaⁿ)
Sî-khu Tang-pō͘: UTC -5/-4
ISO 3166 US-WV
Kán-siá WV, W.Va.
Bāng-chām wv.gov

West VirginiaBí-kok ê chi̍t-ê chiu, jîn-kháu tāi-iok ū 1,808,344, pâi-miâ tē 37. I ê siú-hú kap siāng-tōa ê siâⁿ-chhī sī Charleston.

Tē-lí[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

West Virginia tī Lâm-pō͘ Bí-kok, sī Appalachia tē-hng chi̍t pō͘-hūn. Ùi tang-lâm-pêng ū Virginia, tī sai-lâm-pêng ū Kentucky, sai-pak-pêng sī Ohio, pak-pêng koh ū Pennsylvania, tang-pak sī Maryland.

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Kin-á-ji̍t kiò chò West Virginia ê só͘-chāi, chûn-chāi chi̍t kóa kó͘-tāi ê Thô͘-tun Kiàn-chō-chiá, in-ê ûi-jiah tī Moundsville, South Charleston, kap Romney téng só͘-chāi liû-chûn kàu chiang. Kó͘ Indian bûn-hòa (Paleo-Indian culture) chhut-hiān tī Chêng 10,500 nî, iân chú-iàu ê hô-chhoan hoat-tián.

1671 nî, Chiong-kun Abraham Wood siū Virginia Si̍t-bîn-tē ê Ông-ka Chóng-tok William Berkeley chí-sī, phài lâng thàm-cha hoat-kiàⁿ liáu Kanawha Chúi-chhiâng.

West Virginia sī Lōe-chiàn sî-kî tùi pang-liân-chiu Virginia thoat-lî chhut--lâi-ê. 1861 nî 4 goe̍h 17 ji̍t, 49 ūi West Virginia tāi-piáu chiam-tùi Virginia ê Hun-lî Tiâu-lēng (Ordinance of Secession) tâu-phiò, kiat-kó 30-ê hoán-tùi, 17-ê chàn-sêng, 2-ê khì-koân.

1863 nî 3 goe̍h 26 kap 4 goe̍h 20, siu-chèng ê hiàn-hoat hông-chhái-ēng, Bí-kok ê chóng-thóng Lincoln soan-pò͘ tī 1863 nî 6 goe̍h 20 chiap-siū sin chiu siat-li̍p.

Jîn-kháu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

West Virginia ê jîn-kháu bi̍t-tō͘ tē-tô͘.

Chiàu Bí-kok Phó͘-cha Kio̍k ê ko͘-sǹg, West Virginia tī 2016 nî 7 goe̍h 1 ji̍t ê jîn-kháu ū 1,831,102 lâng, pí 2010 nî Bí-kok Phó͘-cha ê chu-liâu kiám 1.2%.[7] Pún chiu ê jîn-kháu tiong-sim tē-tiám sī ùi Braxton Kūn ê Gassaway siâⁿ.[8]

Tī 2010 nî ê phó͘-cha lāi-bīn, pún chiu ê chéng-cho̍k cho͘-sêng sī:

Kâng tang chiu lāi ū 1.2% ê Hispanic, Latino, ia̍h Se-pan-gâ-hē jîn-kháu.

Keng-chè[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

West Virginia tī 2015 nî ê GDP sī 74,321 pa̍h-bān bí-kim.[9] Chiàu 2015 nî ê chu-liāu, pún chiu siāng-chē lâng-kang ê sán-gia̍p sī khiān-khong chiàu-kò͘ kap siā-hōe hû-chō͘ (health care and social assistance).[10]

Siâⁿ-chhī[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Pún chiu goân-pún chū 1863 nî kàu 1870 nî kan ê siú-to͘ sī Wheeling. Āu--lâi tī 1870 nî kàu 1875 nî kan pat kái siat tī khah óa tiong-pō͘ ê Charleston. Kàu 1875 nî, koh chi̍t pái sóa tńg Wheeling, chóng-sī té-bé tī 1885 nî hóe-sio húi-hoāi, to̍h koh chi̍t kái sóa khì Charleston, kè-sio̍k kàu chit-má.[11]

Tōa siâⁿ-chhī[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Sió siâⁿ-chhī[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Chham-chiàu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. "Archived copy". goân-loē-iông tī March 8, 2016 hőng khó͘-pih. 2016-03-08 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. June 22, 2017. Goân-pún bāng-ia̍h Pó-chûn tī June 22, 2017. June 22, 2017 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  3. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Goân-pún bāng-ia̍h Pó-chûn tī December 20, 2016. December 9, 2016 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  4. "Spruce Knob Cairn 1956". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. October 24, 2011 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. goân-loē-iông tī October 15, 2011 hőng khó͘-pih. October 24, 2011 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  7. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". U.S. Census Bureau. December 26, 2015. goân-loē-iông (CSV) tī December 23, 2015 hőng khó͘-pih. December 26, 2015 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  8. "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000". United States Census Bureau. goân-loē-iông tī September 18, 2008 hőng khó͘-pih. December 6, 2008 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  9. "Total Gross Domestic Product by State for West Virginia". FRED. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. 2016-12-07. 2017-04-09 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  10. "Major industries with highest employment, by state, 1990-2015". Bureau of Labor Statistics. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2016-08-05. 2017-04-09 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  11. Bailey, Kenneth (April 21, 2011). "Capital Cities". The West Virginia Encyclopedia. Goân-pún bāng-ia̍h Pó-chûn tī October 15, 2014.