Michigan

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Michigan Chiu
State of Michigan
Flag of Michigan State seal of Michigan
Flag Chiu-chiong
Chhiok-hō: "The Great Lake(s) State",[1] "The Wolverine State", "The Mitten State", "Water (Winter) Wonderland"
Piau-gí: Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice
(English: "If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you")
Chiu-koa: "My Michigan"
Map of the United States with Michigan highlighted
Koan-hong gí-giân None (Eng-gí, de facto)
Liû-thong gí-giân Eng-gí 91.11%
Se-pan-gâ-gí 2.93%
A-lá-pek-gí 1.04%
Kî-tha 4.92%
Chū-bîn chheng-ho͘ Michigander, Michiganian, Yooper (for residents of the Upper Peninsula)[2]
Siú-hú Lansing
Siāng-tōa siâⁿ-chhī Detroit
Siāng-tōa to͘-hōe Metro Detroit
Bīn-chek Pâi-miâ tē-11
 • Ha̍p-kè 96,716 sq mi
(250,493 km2)
 • Tang-sai khoah 386[3] lí (621 km)
 • Lâm-pak khoah 456[3] lí (734 km)
 • % chúi-bīn 41.5
 • Hūi-tō͘ 41° 41' N to 48° 18' N
 • Keng-tō͘ 82° 7' W to 90° 25' W
Jîn-kháu Pâi-miâ tē-10
 • Ha̍p-kè 9,962,311 (2017 nî ko͘.)[4]
 • Bi̍t-tō͘ 174/sq mi  (67.1/km2)
Pâi-miâ tē-17
 • Hō͘-kháu siu-ji̍p tiong-ta̍t $54,203[5] (tē-31)
Koân-tō͘
 • Ko-tiám Mount Arvon[6][kái 1]
1,979 ft (603 m)
 • Pêng-kin 900 ft  (270 m)
 • Kē-tiám Lake Erie[6][kái 1]
571 ft (174 m)
Siat chiu chìn-chêng Michigan Territory
Sin chiu seng-li̍p 1837 nî 1 goe̍h 26 ji̍t (tē-26)
Chiu-tiúⁿ Rick Snyder (R)
Hù-chiu-tiúⁿ Brian Calley (R)
Li̍p-hoat Michigan Legislature
 • Siōng-gī-īⁿ Senate
 • Hā-gī-īⁿ House of Representatives
Chham-gī-goân Debbie Stabenow (D)
Gary Peters (D)
Chiòng-gī-īⁿ tāi-piáu 9-ê Kiōng-hô-tóng
4-ê Bîn-chú-tóng
1 Khang-se̍k (lia̍t-toaⁿ)
Sî-khu  
 • most of state Eastern: UTC −5/−4
 • 4 U.P. counties (Gogebic, Iron, Dickinson, and Menominee) Central: UTC −6/−5
ISO 3166 US-MI
Kán-siá MI, Mich.
Bāng-chām www.michigan.gov

Michigan (/ˈmɪʃɪɡən/ (thiaⁿ ) "Mí-si-gèn") sī Bí-kok ê chi̍t-ê chiu. Siú-húLansing. Siāng toā ê siâⁿ-chhī sī Detroit.

Tē-hō-miâ[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Michigan chit-ê miâ, lâi-goân sī Ojibwe-gí ê mishigamaa, ì-sù sī "tōa-ô͘" ia̍h "tōa phìⁿ ê chúi".[3][7]

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Au-chiu thàm-hiám-chiá tu lâi kàu Michigan ê sî, chia jîn-kháu--ê sī Algonquian chu-cho̍k (Algonquian peoples).

17 sè-kí Hoat-kok ê lú-hêng-chiá kap Coureur des bois ("cháu-nâ-lâng") khì kàu Michigan thàm-hiám kiam khui-khún. Tāi-seng kòe Michigan chit ūi ê Au-chiu-lâng sī 1622 nî Étienne Brûlé ê thàm-hiám-tūi. Nā tē-it-ê éng-kiú ê Au-chiu-lâng chng-siā sī 1668 nî khai-ki--ê, tē-tiám tī Père Jacques Marquette kiàn-li̍p Sault Ste. Marie chò Thian-chú-kàu soan-tō ki-tē ê só͘-chāi.[8][9]

Tē-lí[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Michigan tī Bí-kok ê 50 chiu lāi-bīn jîn-kháu pâi tē 10, bīn-chek pâi tē-11, koh sī Mississippi Kang tang-pêng siāng khoah--ê chiu.[kái 2]

Michigan tī ûi-it hâm nn̄g-ê poàn-tó ê chiu-hūn. Ē Poàn-tó (Lower Peninsula) lâng tiāⁿ kóng seⁿ chò ná chhiú-thò. Nā Téng Poàn-tó (Upper Peninsula) kap Ē Poàn-tó tiong-ng keh Mackinac Hái-kiap (Straits of Mackinac), sī 8 kong-lí khoah ê chúi-tō, khah chia̍p Huron Ô͘ kap Michigan Ô͘. Poàn-tó siang-pêng ū Mackinac Kiô sio thàng.

Jîn-kháu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Chiàu Bí-kok Phó͘-cha Kio̍k ê ko͘-sǹg, Michigan tī 2017 nî 7 goe̍h 1 ji̍t ê jîn-kháu ū 9,962,311, pí 2010 nî Bí-kok Phó͘-cha ê kì-lio̍k 9,883,635 ke 0.79%.[4]

Keng-chè[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Ohio tī 2016 nî ê GDP sī 487,239 pa̍h-bān bí-kim.[10] Chiàu 2015 nî ê chu-liāu, pún chiu siāng-chē lâng-kang ê sán-gia̍p sī chè-chō-gia̍p.[11]

Chù-kái[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Koân-tō͘ chiàu North American Vertical Datum of 1988 tiâu-chéng.
  2. i.e., including water that is part of state territory. Georgia is the largest state by land area alone east of the Mississippi and Michigan the second-largest.

Chham-chiàu[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. "License plate facts" (PDF). 
  2. Hansen, Liane (September 27, 2009). "What Is a Yooper?". Weekend Edition Sunday. NPR. June 13, 2013 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Michigan in Brief: Information About the State of Michigan" (PDF). Department of History, Arts and Libraries. November 28, 2006 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Population Division (December 20, 2017). "Table 2. Cumulative Estimates of Resident Population Change for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico and Region and State Rankings: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017" (CSV). 2017 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau. December 21, 2017 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  5. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. December 9, 2016 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. goân-loē-iông tī October 15, 2011 hőng khó͘-pih. October 24, 2011 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  7. "Freelang Ojibwe Dictionary". Freelang.net. 
  8. "Chronology of Michigan History" (PDF). p. 3. September 30, 2009 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  9. "Sault Ste Marie Pure Michigan". Sault Ste Marie. June 9, 2016 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  10. "Total Gross Domestic Product by State for Ohio". FRED. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. 2016-12-07. 2018-03-10 khòaⁿ--ê. 
  11. "Major industries with highest employment, by state, 1990-2015". Bureau of Labor Statistics. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2016-08-05. 2018-03-10 khòaⁿ--ê.