Iran

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(Tùi Iran Islam Kiōng-hô-kok choán--lâi)
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"Pho-su" choán koè chia. Chhōe kî-thaⁿ ēng-hoat, khòaⁿ Pho-su (khu-pia̍t-ia̍h).
Iran Islam Kiōng-hô-kok
جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Iran kî-á
kok-kî
Iran kok-hui
kok-hui
Chu-kù: استقلال، آزادی، جمهوری اسلامی
"To̍k-li̍p, chū-iû, Islam Kiōng-hô-kok"
Kok-koa: سرود ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایران
"Iran Islam Kiōng-hô-kok kok-koa"
Iran (orthographic projection).svg
Siú-to͘
kap siāng-tōa siâⁿ-chhī
Tehran
Koaⁿ-hong gí-giân Pho-su-gí
Chèng-hú tan-it-chè, Khomeini Chú-gī, chóng-thóng-chè, Islam Kok, kiōng-hô-kok
• chòe-ko léng-tō-jîn
Ali Khamenei
• chóng-thóng
Ebrahim Raisi
• tē-it hù-chóng-thóng
Mohammad Mokhber
• Gī-hoē gī-tiúⁿ
Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf
• Choè-ko hoat-koaⁿ
Gholam-Hossein Mohseni-Eje'i
Li̍p-hoat ki-kò͘ Islam Gī-hoē
Bīn-chek
• Lóng-chóng
1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi) (tē 17 miâ)
• chúi-he̍k (%)
1.63
Jîn-kháu
• 2019 nî kó͘-kè
Neutral increase83,183,741 (tē 17 miâ)
• Bi̍t-tō͘
48/km2 (124.3/sq mi) (tē 162 miâ)
GDP (PPP) 2020 nî kó͘-kè
• Lóng-chóng
Decrease$1.007 bān-ek (tē 18 miâ)
• Pêng-kin
Decrease$11,963 (tē 66 miâ)
GDP (bêng-gī) 2020 nî kó͘-kè
• Lóng-chóng
Increase$611 cha̍p-ek (tē 21 miâ)
• Pêng-kin
Increase$7,257 (tē 78 miâ)
Gini (2018 nî) Negative increase 42.0
tiong
HDI (2019 nî) Decrease 0.783
ko · tē 70 miâ
Hoè-pè Iran rial (ریال) (IRR)
Sî-khu UTC+3:30 (IRST)
• Hā-sî-kan (DST)
UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Sî-kan keh-sek yyyy/mm/dd (SH)
Khui-chhia hong-hiòng
Tiān-oē khu-hō +98
ISO 3166 tāi-hō IR
Siōng-téng domain .ir
ایران.

Iran (Pho-su-gí: ایران‎‎ Irān "I-láng"), chèng-sek choân-miâ Iran Islam Kiōng-hô-kok (جمهوری اسلامی ایرانJomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān) sī A-chiu ê kok-ka.

Le̍k-sú[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Siông-sè: Iran ê le̍k-sú

Tùi Pho-su kap Elam ê chá-kî kì-lio̍k ū chhut-hiān tī Assyria Tè-kok ê chu-liāu. Tāi-iok tī Chêng 640 nî-tāi, Cyrus 1-sè pat phài tāi-piáu kìⁿ Assyria ê thóng-tī-chiá Ashurbanipal.[1]

Iran sī Tiong-tang tē-khu kok-ka, kó͘-chá-sî Tiong-kok-lâng kā in hō-chò "Pho-su". 1925 nî, Pahlavi ông-tiâu kiàn-li̍p, 1935 nî 3 go̍eh kái-miâ "Iran". Tī le̍k-sú siōng, chit-ê kok-ka put-sī cho-siu tio̍h pa̍t-kok ê chhim-lio̍k.

1941 nî, Eng-kok kap So͘-liân liân-ha̍p chhim-hoān Iran, chiong kok-ông Reza Shah kóaⁿ thè-ūi; liáu-āu i-ê hāu-seⁿ Muhammad Reza Shah tī 1953 nî chiap-ūi, niá-chhōa chi̍t kái Pe̍h-sek Kek-bēng, kái-kek pau-koat thó͘-tē kap lú-sèng tâu-phiò-koân téng sū-bū.[2] Kong-gôan 1977 nî-té, Iran kok-lāi po̍k-hoat liáu hóan-tùi Kun-chú-chè chèng-kôan ê chèng-tī tōng-lōan, 1979 nî ōaⁿ tiâu-tē liáu-āu, sêng-li̍p Iran Islam Kiong-hô-kok (Islamic Republic of Iran).

Chong-kàu[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

Chong-kàu: Islam-kàu, Ki-tok-kàu, Iû-thài-kàu.

Chham-chiàu[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  • Waters, Matt (2014). Ancient Persia: A Concise History of the Achaemenid Empire, 550-330 BCE. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-00960-8. 
  • Abrahamian, Ervand (2008). A History of Modern Iran. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-511-41399-5. 

Chù-kha[siu-kái | kái goân-sí-bé]

  1. Waters 2014, 3 Persia Rising: A New Empire
  2. Abrahamian 2008, Chapter 5. Muhammad Reza Shah's White Revolution