Chit-sò͘

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Sò͘-ha̍k lāi ê sò͘-sò͘ mā ū kóng chit-sò͘.
Chit-sò͘,  7N
Liquidnitrogen.jpg
Nitrogen Spectra.jpg
Chit-sò͘ ê kng-phó͘-sòaⁿ (spectral lines)
Ki-pún sèng-chit
Miâ, hû-hō chit-sò͘, N
Gōa-hêng bû-sek khì-thé, e̍k-thé he̍k-chiá kò͘-thé
Chit-sò͘ tī chiu-kî-piáu lāi ê ūi-tì
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)


N

P
thòaⁿ-sò͘chit-sò͘sng-sò͘
Goân-chú-hoan 7
Goân-chú-liōng 14.007[1] (14.00643–14.00728)[2]
Goân-sò͘ lūi-pia̍t   siang-goân-chú hui-kim-sio̍k
Cho̍k, hun-khu 15 cho̍k, p-block
Chiu-kî 2 chiu-kî
Tiān-chú pâi-lia̍t [He] 2s2 2p3
per shell 2, 5
Bu̍t-lí sèng-chit
Siòng khì-thé
Iûⁿ-tiám 63.15 K ​(−210.00 °C, ​−346.00 °F)
Hut-tiám 77.355 K ​(−195.795 °C, ​−320.431 °F)
Bi̍t-tō͘ at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa) 1.251 g·L−1
when liquid, at b.p. 0.808 g·cm−3
Sam-siòng-tiám 63.151 K, ​12.52 kPa
Lîm-kài-tiám 126.192 K, 3.3958 MPa
Iûⁿ-hoà-jia̍t (N2) 0.72 kJ·mol−1
Cheng-hoat-jia̍t (N2) 5.56 kJ·mol−1
Jia̍t-iông-liōng (N2) 29.124 J·mol−1·K−1
cheng-khì-ap
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
tī T (K) 37 41 46 53 62 77
Goân-chú sèng-chit
Sng-hòa-sò͘ 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, −1, −2, −3 ​(a strongly acidic oxide)
Tiān-hū-tō͘ Pauling scale: 3.04
Tiān-lī-lêng 1st: 1402.3 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 2856 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 4578.1 kJ·mol−1
(more)
Kiōng-kè pòaⁿ-kèng 71±1 pm
Van der Waals pòaⁿ-kèng 155 pm
Cha̍p-lio̍k
Chiⁿ-thé kò͘-chō hexagonal
Hexagonal crystal structure for chit-sò͘
Siaⁿ-sok 353 m·s−1 (gas, at 27 °C)
Jia̍t-thoân-tō-lu̍t 25.83×10−3 W·m−1·K−1
Chû-sèng diamagnetic
CAS Registry Number 7727-37-9
Le̍k-sú
Hoat-kiàn Daniel Rutherford (1772)
 hō-miâ Jean-Antoine Chaptal (1790)
Chòe ún-tēng ê tông-ūi-sò͘
Chú bûn-chiong: chit-sò͘ ê tông-ūi-sò͘
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
13N syn 9.965 min ε 2.220 13C
14N 99.634% 14N is stable with 7 neutrons
15N 0.366% 15N is stable with 8 neutrons

chit-sò͘ (窒素)[3], he̍k-chiá chek-sò͘[4], hòa-ha̍k hû-hō N (Eng-gí: nitrogen; Latin-gí: nitrogenium), Hàn-bûn sī tām (氮).

Hō-miâ[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

Chit-sò͘ goân-té sī Ji̍t-gí tùi Tek-gí Stickstoff ê hoan-e̍k[5], piáu-bīn ê ì-sù chio̍h sī hō͘-lâng bô khùi ê bu̍t-chit[6].

Kó͘-chá lâng chai-iáⁿ khong-khì tiong ū 1 ê mi̍h ē hō͘ tōng-bu̍t cha̍t-khùi, mā ē kā hoé hip hoa--khì, só͘-í āu--lâi kā hō chò "chek-sò͘" (chit-sò͘).[bô chhut-chhù]

Chham-khó[siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]

  1. Conventional Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  2. Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  3. "It-poaⁿ kho-ha̍k ê siông-sek". Kòa-chhài chí (15). 1927. 
  4. Tâi-Ji̍t Toā Sû-tián koan-hē 窒素 ê kái-soeh.
  5. 特殊ガスに関係する元素名の由来と発見年. 株式会社 巴商会. Tī 2016-04-02 khoàⁿ--ê.
  6. Alex Nickon, Ernest F. Silversmith (1987). Organic Chemistry: The Name Game: Modern Coined Terms and Their Origins. Pergamon Pr. ISBN 978-0080344812.